Human development prenatal through adolescence

Grammatical accuracy, and conciseness will be check

  1. Explain Bandura’s Social Cognitive Theory and how it is different from Piaget’s Cognitive-Developmental Theory.
  2. Describe the 4 stages of Piaget’s Cognitive Development Theory from Sensorimotor, Preoperational, Concrete Operational, and Formal Operational.
    What is cognitive development? Changes in thinking, includes reasoning, memory & problem solvingo Know Piaget’s 4 stages of cognitive development, including hallmarks of each stage (e.g., what is object permanence, etc.).
    1.Sensory motor – infants understand the world in terms of their senses and effects of their actions, everything goes in their mouth, no object permanence
    2.Preoperational – object permanence present, egocentric, lack conservation, irreversibility, animism
    3.Concrete operations – children can think logically, no longer egocentric or animism, can solve conservation problems, no abstract reasoning
    4.Formal operations – able to reason logically with abstract propositions, understand that people can think one thing but report something different o What are schemas? Assimilation? Accommodation? What are some criticisms or limitations of Piaget’s theory? Schemas – structures of frameworks that help us to organize and interpret our experiences Assimilation – try to interpret or “fit new info in” to an existing schema Accommodation – adjust schemas to fit particulars of new experiences
  3. Describe the 4 systems- micro, meso, exo, macro, chrono in Urie Brofenbrenner’s Ecological Systems Theory and give examples of each of the 4 systems.
  4. Describe the concepts of the zone of proximal development and scaffolding in Vygotsky’s Sociocultural Theory and give an example of zone of proximal development and scaffolding for a particular individual.
  5. Explain the nature/nurture debate.

Chapter 2

  1. Explain the process of conception.
  2. Describe hereditary influences of developmental: chromosomes, genes, meiosis, mitosis, and genotype.
  3. Explain factors that influence individual’s phenotypes.
    Chapter 3
  4. Describe the prenatal stages: germinal, embryonic, and fetal.
  5. Describe 2 environmental influences on prenatal development.
    Chapter 4
  6. Describe what happens in the first, second, and third stage of child birth.
    Chapter 5
  7. Describe cephalocaudal and proximodistal development.

Sample Solution