Competency 4: Engage in practice-informed research and research-informed practice.
C4.SP.A: Apply leadership skills, decision making, and the use of technology to inform evidence-based research practice to develop, implement, evaluate, and communicate interventions across the specialization of advanced generalist practice settings.

1: Devise accurate datasets.
3: Describe and report the statistical method or test outcomes using the appropriate statistical method or test.
C4.SP.B: Apply leadership skills, decision making, and the use of technology to inform program evaluation to develop, implement, evaluate, and communicate interventions across the specialization of advanced generalist practice settings. ​
Related Assignment Criteria:
2: Enter appropriate statistical data that assists in program evaluation.
4: Apply critical thinking in verbal and written communication through the use of leadership and technology.
Assignment Scenario
You are overseeing a mentoring program for youth who have been identified as being at risk and you want to complete a program evaluation to measure the impact on youth who participate. You also want to consider whether variables such as sex and race/ethnicity factor into the results.

In the Unit 2 Dataset 1 given in the resources, find baseline data for the youth who have entered the program. From this data, identify all of the variables represented and input the data into an Excel file. Save the file as a “comma separated values” (.csv) file and open this .csv file in JASP. Make sure to modify the data types of each variable to the correct scale of measurement (nominal, ordinal, or scale).

Refer to the JASP Tutorial Video: Modifying Data Types (Nominal, Ordinal Scale), given in the resources.

Save your .jasp file and upload it for grading.

Note that you are not completing any analysis at this point in time. You are simply practicing entering data in Excel and saving it in a format that is then opened in JASP. You need to demonstrate the ability to identify the correct level of measurement for each variable.

Resources
Identifying and Inputting Variables Scoring Guide.
JASP Tutorial Video: Adjusting Data Types (Nominal, Ordinal, Scale) [Video].
Unit 2 Dataset 1 [DOCX].
Unit 2 Dataset 1

The Sunville Youth Services Organization developed a mentoring program for youth, ages 15–19, currently enrolled in high school and at risk of dropping out of school. The program manager believes that giving the youth a mentor will influence the youth’s grades, attendance, self-esteem, and behavior at home. Therefore, the program manager is collecting data to track outcomes associated with this program.

Prior to entering the mentoring program, the following data were collected about the youth participants:

• Current number of high school credits and whether the youth is on track to graduate (22 credits is required to graduate).• Current grade point average (GPA) on a 4-point scale.• A self-esteem measurement completed by the youth. This scale ranged from 1–30, with 30 indicating a high level of self-esteem.• Attendance records from school that represent the average number of days the youth missed each week over the past 30 school days.• A parent report on the youth’s behavior. The measurement asks: “How would you rate your child’s behavior on a scale of 1–10? 10 indicates the child is cooperative all of the time and 1 indicates that the child rarely is cooperative with the household rules.”

Data:

1. Maribel is a 15-year-old Hispanic female. She currently has two high school credits and is not on track for graduation. Her current GPA is 1.5. When she completed the self-esteem measurement, she scored a “17.” Attendance records indicate she misses an average of 1.4 days of school each week. Her mother reported a score of “3” on the parent report.2. Luisa is a 17-year-old Hispanic female. She currently has six high school credits and is not on track for graduation. Her current GPA is 1.7. When she completed the self-esteem measurement, she scored a “10.” Attendance records indicate she misses an average of 3 days of school each week. Her mother reported a score of “2” on the parent report.3. Susan is a 15-year-old White female. She currently has six high school credits and is on track for graduation. Her current GPA is 2.4. When she completed the self-esteem measurement, she scored a “9.” Attendance records indicate she misses an average of 0.5 days of school each week. Her mother reported a score of “8” on the parent report.4. Keisha is a 16-year-old African-American female. She currently has 1.5 high school credits and is not on track for graduation. Her current GPA is 0.9. When she completed the self-esteem measurement, she scored a “21.” Attendance records indicate she misses an average of 3.2 days of school each week. Her mother reported a score of “1” on the parent report.5. Jose is a 15-year-old Hispanic male. He currently has three high school credits and is not on track for graduation. His current GPA is 1.7. When he completed the self-esteem measurement, he scored a “15.” Attendance records indicate he misses an average of 1.4 days of school each week. His mother reported a score of “3” on the parent report.6. Rico is a 17-year-old Hispanic male. He currently has 15 high school credits and is on track for graduation. His current GPA is 2.5. When he completed the self-esteem measurement, he scored a “10.” Attendance records indicate he misses an average of 1 day of school each week. His mother reported a score of “7” on the parent report.7. Darnell is a 15-year-old African-American male. He currently has seven high school credits and is on track for graduation. His current GPA is 2.7. When he completed the self-esteem measurement, he scored a “9.” Attendance records indicate he misses an average of 0.5 days of school each week. His mother reported a score of “8” on the parent report.8. John is a 16-year-old White male. He currently has 1.5 high school credits and is not on track for graduation. His current GPA is .9. When he completed the self-esteem measurement, she scored a “25.” Attendance records indicate he misses an average of 4.3 days of school each week. His mother reported a score of “1” on the parent report.

Sample solution

Dante Alighieri played a critical role in the literature world through his poem Divine Comedy that was written in the 14th century. The poem contains Inferno, Purgatorio, and Paradiso. The Inferno is a description of the nine circles of torment that are found on the earth. It depicts the realms of the people that have gone against the spiritual values and who, instead, have chosen bestial appetite, violence, or fraud and malice. The nine circles of hell are limbo, lust, gluttony, greed and wrath. Others are heresy, violence, fraud, and treachery. The purpose of this paper is to examine the Dante’s Inferno in the perspective of its portrayal of God’s image and the justification of hell. 

In this epic poem, God is portrayed as a super being guilty of multiple weaknesses including being egotistic, unjust, and hypocritical. Dante, in this poem, depicts God as being more human than divine by challenging God’s omnipotence. Additionally, the manner in which Dante describes Hell is in full contradiction to the morals of God as written in the Bible. When god arranges Hell to flatter Himself, He commits egotism, a sin that is common among human beings (Cheney, 2016). The weakness is depicted in Limbo and on the Gate of Hell where, for instance, God sends those who do not worship Him to Hell. This implies that failure to worship Him is a sin.

God is also depicted as lacking justice in His actions thus removing the godly image. The injustice is portrayed by the manner in which the sodomites and opportunists are treated. The opportunists are subjected to banner chasing in their lives after death followed by being stung by insects and maggots. They are known to having done neither good nor bad during their lifetimes and, therefore, justice could have demanded that they be granted a neutral punishment having lived a neutral life. The sodomites are also punished unfairly by God when Brunetto Lattini is condemned to hell despite being a good leader (Babor, T. F., McGovern, T., & Robaina, K. (2017). While he commited sodomy, God chooses to ignore all the other good deeds that Brunetto did.

Finally, God is also portrayed as being hypocritical in His actions, a sin that further diminishes His godliness and makes Him more human. A case in point is when God condemns the sin of egotism and goes ahead to commit it repeatedly. Proverbs 29:23 states that “arrogance will bring your downfall, but if you are humble, you will be respected.” When Slattery condemns Dante’s human state as being weak, doubtful, and limited, he is proving God’s hypocrisy because He is also human (Verdicchio, 2015). The actions of God in Hell as portrayed by Dante are inconsistent with the Biblical literature. Both Dante and God are prone to making mistakes, something common among human beings thus making God more human.

To wrap it up, Dante portrays God is more human since He commits the same sins that humans commit: egotism, hypocrisy, and injustice. Hell is justified as being a destination for victims of the mistakes committed by God. The Hell is presented as being a totally different place as compared to what is written about it in the Bible. As a result, reading through the text gives an image of God who is prone to the very mistakes common to humans thus ripping Him off His lofty status of divine and, instead, making Him a mere human. Whether or not Dante did it intentionally is subject to debate but one thing is clear in the poem: the misconstrued notion of God is revealed to future generations.

 

References

Babor, T. F., McGovern, T., & Robaina, K. (2017). Dante’s inferno: Seven deadly sins in scientific publishing and how to avoid them. Addiction Science: A Guide for the Perplexed, 267.

Cheney, L. D. G. (2016). Illustrations for Dante’s Inferno: A Comparative Study of Sandro Botticelli, Giovanni Stradano, and Federico Zuccaro. Cultural and Religious Studies4(8), 487.

Verdicchio, M. (2015). Irony and Desire in Dante’s” Inferno” 27. Italica, 285-297.