Using two selections from the additional listenings (not the required listening), answer the following questions: While what it means to make “independent” music has become increasingly complicated over time, the term still carries specific and important connotations which emerging artists continue to call upon. Using two songs, explore the varying stakes involved in claiming music as “independent” (e.g. sound, instrumentation, fashion, politics, institutional affiliations, etc.).
Velvet t Underground – “I’m Waiting For My Man” Nazz – “Open My Eyes” Jobraith – “I’m A Man” David Bowie – “Moonage Daydream” T Rex – “Teenage Dream” The Modern Lovers – “Pablo Picasso” The Dictators – “Teengenerate” Dead Boys – “Sonic Reducer” Ramones – “Blitzkrieg Bop” Patti Smith – “Land” Television – “Little Johnny Jewel” The Talking Heads – Psycho Killer” Pere Ubu – “Breath” The Miamis – “We Deliver” Wayne County & The Backstreet Boys – “Max’s Kansas City 1976” B-52s – “Rock Lobster” Theoretical Girls – “Computer Dating” Roxy Music – “Ladytron” Gary Glitter – “Rock And Roll Pt. II” Rocky Horror Picture Show – “Hot Patootie, Bless My Soul” Suzi Quatro – “Can The Can” The Saints – “I’m Stranded” The Lurkers – “Shadow” The Heartbreakers – “Chinese Rocks” The Jam – “Going Underground” The Adverts – “Quickstep” The Clash – “White Riot” Mad
Weight ulcers are damage that harms skin and the layer(s) of tissue underneath, which have been presented to weight (NHS, 2014). They can happen in patients of fluctuated ages; be that as it may, the most defenseless age bunch who are in danger of creating weight ulcers are patients matured 75 or more (Hope, 2014). Elderly patients will in general have co-morbidities because of the maturing procedure, which can some of the time abandon them with constrained portability or laid up and this at that point can put them at further danger of creating weight ulcers (Jaul, 2010). Because of having a developing elderly populace, it is critical to address the dangers of weight ulcers. There is no specific condition in which weight ulcers happen, as they are a worry in all settings where social consideration is being given, therapeutic medications are completed – including private homes. This paper will audit the proof with respect to the dangers and the board of weight ulcers. The focal point of this paper will be elderly patients and the accompanying themes will be examined; hazard evaluation, understanding appraisal, weight acknowledgment and expulsion, non-careful medicines/exhortation, entanglements of weight ulcers and medical procedure. On acknowledgment of a weight ulcer or the likelihood of one creating on a patient, an appropriately prepared wellbeing or medicinal expert ought to complete a recorded hazard appraisal (NICE, 2014). This hazard appraisal should cover two interlinking zones, 'chance elements' and 'signs/side effects'. It is critical to evaluate an elderly patient's present wellbeing status and not simply the status of their wellbeing as reported beforehand on records or on induction to see an expert, as an assortment of components can influence the advancement of a weight ulcer – a few factors more quickly than others. Addressing into past restorative history and furthermore taking a gander at past medicinal notes is regularly exceptionally enlightening and for the most part enables the expert to know about any co-bleakness which could display a further hazard or go about as an aberrant reason for the advancement of a weight ulcer. Diabetes and musculoskeletal issue are regularly hailed up on evaluations as a factor which can affect a weight ulcer (Benbow, 2012). Once in a while because of the elderly patient experiencing a sort of dementia, their capacity to impart or recall life occasions falls apart and subsequently they can't furnish the expert surveying the ulcer with key therapeutic data. Likewise, a few patients might be in injury or are not cognizant; this, once more, makes the data gathering phase of the patient's present wellbeing status troublesome for the surveying proficient. In such complex cases, the patient's more extensive system, for example, relations or the multi-disciplinary group of wellbeing and social consideration experts who have recently upheld the patient may have more information on the patient's life history. Nursing home staff are required by the Care Quality Commission to track their inhabitants' consideration designs and more authority homes have routine logs expounded on their occupants; these frequently can go about as a decent marker of physical, mental and social status and changes which have happened with the elderly patient (CQC, 2015). Deciding whatever other condition which an elderly patient may experience the ill effects of is vital, on the grounds that this should be considered in the patient's consideration plan and the executives of the Pressure ulcer as it could have coordinate effect on the recuperating of a weight ulcer. For instance, if the elderly patient has diabetes, their injury mending process possibly drawn out (Leik, 2013). Moreover, as elderly people have more slender skin; this as of now puts them at more serious danger of skin harm because of weight. Musculoskeletal infection, for example, osteoarthritis is generally analyzed in elderly people and it can confine the versatility of the patient or their capacity to do explicit exercises (NHS, 2014). This may result in patients being similarly situated for extensive stretches of time, which may then put weight on that zone of the body, putting them at more serious danger of building up a weight ulcer. Additionally, elderly people who are less portable will probably have poor course, which can affect on the time taken for a weight ulcer to recuperate. In this way, blood stream ought to likewise be mulled over while doing the hazard appraisal. Above are a few models of how the administration of Pressure ulcers can wind up complex; there are more ailments, for example, fatal infections and other restorative conditions that should be mulled over when arranging the consideration or avoidance of a weight ulcer. Frequently both the absence of nourishing admission and loss of weight are two interrelated basic worries in elderly patients, except if the reason is because of an alternate factor, for example, fundamental pathology of sickness. In this manner, notwithstanding incorporating these variables in the hazard evaluation, wellbeing instruction to urge the patient to eat should be given to the patient, their relations and wellbeing and social consideration staff supporting the patient. Wellbeing exhortation/training/direction is critical in light of the fact that an underweight elderly individual will probably have less tissue around their bones and potentially poorer vein quality, subsequently making them more in danger of harm from weight and furthermore poorer recuperating (MNT, 2014). Likewise, an absence of protein in an elderly patient's eating regimen, which bolsters tissue development and fix, can likewise make more prominent harm their skin from weight. Low nourishing admission can likewise cause weakness and fragility in elderly people and this can affect an elderly person's commitment and capacity to do day by day exercises (Morelli and Sidani, 2011), henceforth affecting their psycho-economic wellbeing, which may withdraw them from supporting their own wellbeing, regardless of whether it be by following the direction of a therapeutic specialist or by being dynamic in their medicinal services choices for the most part (Morelli and Sidani, 2011). This at that point can make understanding focused consideration troublesome for those giving consideration to the elderly patient, as patient decision/inclination is imperiled and sign of agony, which is generally communicated verbally by means of portrayal or prescribed torment scales, for example, 'Braden' or 'Waterlow', may not additionally be given by the patient (Nice, 2014 and Benbow, 2012). In this manner, the patient's contribution in dealing with the weight ulcer is essential. Torment the board is troublesome in Pressure ulcer the executives if the elderly individual has a changed impression of torment because of spinal string damage or other related nerve harm wounds. This may keep the patient from perceiving that they have a ulcer growing, thus deferring the treatment of the ulcer (MNT, 2014). Along these lines, it is great practice if the elderly individual is a patient in healing center to routinely inquire as to whether they have seen any variations from the norm on their skin and furthermore prescribe them to change positions frequently. Nearby the nitty gritty hazard evaluation, a weight ulcer appraisal/skin appraisal ought to be done on acknowledgment of a weight ulcer creating. This isn't just to deal with the Pressure ulcer yet in addition to know about those people who may experience issues, as referenced above, in recognizing changes in their skin or conceivably even have an incapacity. Dissensions of torment from the patient ought to be considered in the skin evaluation, trailed by a classification of the ulcer as a phase 1,2,3 or 4 Pressure ulcer (NICE, 2014). This will incorporate evaluating discolouration, varieties in warmth, solidness and skin dampness. The order of the Pressure ulcer is critical in light of the fact that it enables reasonable safeguard measures to be put inside the person's consideration arranging, to attempt to keep up the skin's trustworthiness and to help mending (NHS, 2014). The general patient appraisal will straightforwardly affect choices on the recurrence of situating for the patient and the reasonableness of the help surface on which the patient is sitting or lying (Benbow, 2012). These progressions are essential to weight evacuation and subsequently, dealing with the advancement of the Pressure ulcer better since they will be incorporated into a repositioning timetable that wellbeing and social consideration experts will work to as a major aspect of the consideration plan. The recurrence of situating changes dependent on the hazard, patient's physical capacity/state and furthermore their acknowledgment to be consistently repositioned; for instance, a patient in a wheelchair may should be repositioned like clockwork because of the weight of sitting similarly situated for extensive stretches of time. Elderly patients who are confined to bed ought to be repositioned each couple of hours, contingent upon the need decided in the hazard appraisal (NICE, 2014). A physiotherapist can frequently exhort on repositioning that will be protected and that will likewise permit weight discharge. Hardware can likewise bolster weight expulsion. Pads on wheelchairs give comfort as well as diminish the weight on the hip and upper leg zone of the body. In any case, a few experts exhort that air, water or froth filled help gadgets are superior to conventional pads (Benbow, 2012). Little cushions/froth cushions can likewise bolster zones of the body from contacting one another, for example, between the knees or lower legs. These can likewise be utilized for solace and bolster when laying in various calculated positions; for instance, when a patient is lying on their side, their legs may require further help (Benbow, 2012). Leaning back seats/robotized seats can likewise be set at various positions to help weight evacuation. Patients, relatives and supporting experts need to guarantee that the skin of the patient is routinely checked, as repositioning frequently can likewise cause skin harm because of the skin of an elderly individual being more slender. Specific sleeping pads can likewise lessen weight in contrast with standard beddings. Moreover, some master beddings can be associated with a wind current framework which can consequently direct the weight, subsequently making the consideration and man>GET ANSWER