Industrial development, immigration, and territorial expansion, the United States

As a result of industrial development, immigration, and territorial expansion, the United States in 1900 seemed to be significantly more diverse than it had been previously. Internally and politically, it had vast regional differences. Demographically, it now included people of many backgrounds, practicing many different religions, and speaking an astonishing number of languages.

How did various groups of Americans manage this newfound diversity? How did they understand it, how did they expect to benefit from or be harmed by it, and how did they seek to guide it or control it? And how, ultimately, were they changed by it?

In your essay, you shouldn’t answer each of those questions “one after another.” Instead, you should reflect on the diversity of the United States in the period from the 1890s to the 1940s, identifying and explaining some important demographic and social changes and their history. In your answer, please consider some of the specific regions, social categories, and conflicts we’ve discussed in this class. This can include (but is not limited to): Jim Crow; Imperialism; Progressivism; World Wars One and Two; the Great Depression; unions and industrial management; urban and rural life; changing gender roles and the social position of women; and immigration.

Obviously, you cannot discuss all these topics, especially not in depth. Nevertheless, please consider them and some of the connections between them as you plan your essay. Your goal is not a long list of seemingly separate issues. Instead, focus on a few specific topics that shed light on the broader diversity of the United States in this period.

Sample Solution