Industrial development, immigration, and territorial expansion

As a result of industrial development, immigration, and territorial expansion, the United States in 1900 seemed to be significantly more diverse than it had been previously. Internally and politically, it had vast regional differences. Demographically, it now included people of many backgrounds, practicing many different religions, and speaking an astonishing number of languages.

How did various groups of Americans manage this newfound diversity? How did they understand it, how did they expect to benefit from or be harmed by it, and how did they seek to guide it or control it? And how, ultimately, were they changed by it?

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