Dulce et Decorum Est
by Wilfred Owen1
Bent double, like old beggars under sacks,
Knock-kneed, coughing like hags, we cursed through sludge,
Till on the haunting flares we turned our backs
And towards our distant rest began to trudge.
Men marched asleep. Many had lost their boots
But limped on, blood-shod. All went lame; all blind;
Drunk with fatigue; deaf even to the hoots
Of tired, outstripped Five-Nines2 that dropped behind.
Gas! Gas! Quick, boys! – An ecstasy of fumbling,
Fitting the clumsy helmets just in time;
But someone still was yelling out and stumbling
And flound’ring like a man in fire or lime…
Dim, through the misty panes and thick green light,
As under a green sea, I saw him drowning.
In all my dreams, before my helpless sight,
He plunges at me, guttering, choking, drowning.
If in some smothering dreams you3 too could pace
Behind the wagon that we flung him in,
And watch the white eyes writhing in his face,
His hanging face, like a devil’s sick of sin;
If you could hear, at every jolt, the blood
Come gargling from the froth-corrupted lungs,
Obscene as cancer, bitter as the cud
Of vile, incurable sores on innocent tongues,–
My friend, you would not tell with such high zest
To children ardent for some desperate glory,
The old Lie: Dulce et decorum est
Pro patria mori.4
1 Wilfred Owen was only twenty years old when World War I broke out in 1914. Twice wounded
in battle, Owen was rapidly promoted and eventually became a company commander. The
shocking violence of modern war summoned Owen’s poetic genius, and in a two-year period he
grew from a negligible minor poet into the most important English-language poet of World War I.
Owen, however, did not live to see his talent recognized. He was killed one week before the end
of the war; he was twenty-five years old.
2 German howitzers often used to shoot poison gas shells
3 Some versions of the poem carry the dedication “To Jessie Pope,” who was a writer of patriotic
4 “Dulce et decorum est / pro matria mori” – a quotation from the Latin poet Horace, translated as
It is sweet and fitting to die for one’s country
Poem and footnotes from Introduction to Poetry, edited by X.J. Kennedy
Imagery is the vivid appeal, through
language, to any of the five senses.
Some questions (to be completed in writing for
1. List examples of imagery in this poem. For each
example, state which sense (or senses) to which the
imagery appeals. (It may well be more than one!)
2. How does that imagery impact the reader? (Choose
two or three that have the most impact and explain
3. What is Owen’s argument in this poem? That is to say,
what lesson does he want the reader to learn from this
poem? (Settle on one theme – and only one.)
A constitution can be characterized as a set down standards for the administration which are on numerous occasions systematized as a type of composed original copy that spells out and limits the capacities and capacity to practice power of a political gathering (control). On account of nations and sovereign locales of elected states the expression alludes solely to a constitution characterizing the center standards of legislative issues, and organizing the design, strategies, forces and obligations, of a legislature. Most constitutions ensure rights to the general population by constraining the administration's own particular reach. We will look at and differentiating the American constitution against the Iraqi constitution. The two constitutions are systematized. Under the support of a British military occupation in 1925, Iraqis first constitution went into drive which at that point framed a government which stayed as a result until in 1958, the upset built up a republic. Between time constitutions have been embraced throughout the years however a submission that occurred in 2005 affirmed the constitution as of now being utilized by Iraqis. Then again the American constitution is thought about establishment and premise of the legitimate appropriate to practice control over another (specialist) basic to the presence of the United States of America and the central legislature of the United States. It concedes the system for the organization of the United States government and for the compatibility of the national government to the states, to subjects, and to all individuals inside the United States. The two constitutions understand majority rule government. The constitutions try to ensure the poise and freedom of man. The constitutions prohibit any sort of enthusiastic, mental, or physical torment. The two constitutions are aware of the welfare and security of its kin regardless of the flexibility of correspondence the constitutions give that the opportunity can be ruptured by a legal choice at whatever point it involves national security. These influence the individual privileges of the national. There is additionally opportunity of love in the constitutions in spite of the fact that the Iraq constitution additionally expresses that Islam is the official dialect. As indicated by the Iraqi constitution area three part articles 49 the board of delegates might be chosen and should comprise of various individuals at a proportion of one part for each 100,000 Iraqi people. These delegates should be chosen by an immediate mystery general tally. The individuals are chosen for a term of 4 years. The president is chosen by the gathering of agents by a 66% lion's share and is constrained to 2 terms in office with a traverse of 4years out of 1 term. The leader of Iraq has two representatives with whom they frame an administration chamber. The administration chamber chooses the head administrator of Iraq and bureau clergymen who must be affirmed by get together. There ought to be 66% dominant part for a president to be chosen. The American constitution expresses that the president has all the official power vested on him the president is the central negotiator and the president of the military. For a most extreme of two four-year terms the president and VP are chosen as running mates by the Electoral College for which each single state is dispensed various seats in view of its portrayal on the senate and House of Representatives whose individuals from both the houses are chosen by the Americans. Â The VP is second most noteworthy official officer of the legislature. The VP is just permitted to vote in the senate to break a vote which is tied. The CEO of the United States is the Secretary of State. The Secretary of state is selected by the president and is the third most noteworthy positioning individual from the administration and they answer specifically to the president. In the USA constitution the Supreme Court is the most noteworthy court of the land. The court is in charge of issues managing state question, and translating the constitution of the USA and overrules a few enactments hence making points of reference for future reference. The preeminent and lower court judges are chosen by the general population while the rest are delegated since they are in the government. The Iraqi constitution gives that nearby court judges are selected by the neighborhood specialist, while the central government chooses the preeminent judges. Islam is additionally viewed as a wellspring of enactment and the laws of organization surround Shariah laws U.S. natives have relatively general suffrage from the age of 18. The state governments have the most extreme effect over most Americans' everyday lives. The Tenth Amendment to the United States Constitution guarantees their wide range whole powers, against the restricted spell out forces controlled by the central government; subsequently, they handle the greater part of the issues most correlated for most people inside their ward. The representative is the most noteworthy chosen official at each state is the senator. There is likewise a chosen state assembly in each state with the exception of Nebraska (bicameralism), whose individuals speak to the state voters. The town, city, or district sheets are the foundations in charge of nearby governments. The assembly in each state ought to stipulate the time way and spots of holding decisions for legislators and agents. Iraq has a unicameral lawmaking body The leader of the United Sates gets pay, which may not be expanded or diminished amid their chance in office; for being the president. Capability for administration in the United States incorporate; a characteristic conceived native U. S. A, no less than 35 years old and have dwelled in the states for a long time. The delegates must be of an age of 25 or above, and residents of the land for at least 7 years and a tenant of the state they are chosen. The congresspersons must be 30years and have been subjects of that states for a long time and should be tenants of the state at the time. >GET ANSWER