Discuss the key features and elements of Contingency Theory and demonstrate how the theory incorporates the I Classical and Human Relations approach. Through the use of relevant theory and real-life corporate examples: write an argumentative academic essay addressing the above statement.
that bits and pieces of supposedly irreducibly complex machines may have different, but still useful functions.” Kenneth R. Miller argues that Darwinian mechanisms could have arranged the numerous complex system that exists within living things. “Evolution produces complex biochemical machines by copying, modifying, and combining proteins previously used for other functions.” Kenneth Miller uses again one of Michael Behe’s own example. As mentioned before, Michael Behe argues how an intelligent design is behind the complexity of how the proteins move from one “subcellular compartment” to another. The journal called Cell has an article where working researchers noted “these mechanisms suggest in a natural way how the many and diverse compartments in eukaryotic cells could have evolved in the first place.” Overall, intelligent design does not succeed with present any biochemical evidence. William A. Dembski makes another interesting intelligent design statement. Dembski draws attention to how neither chance nor necessity can explain the creation of the universe. The origin of all living things must have had help from a designing intelligence. Researchers receive a sufficient amount of random signal from space for plenty of years. Dembski states, “If a sequence lacks complexity, it could easily happen by chance.” In other word, if it is complex, it must have not occurred by chance or randomness. Therefore, researchers must infer an extraterrestrial intelligence is the source for such “complex, sequenced patterns” (random signals). “Intelligence leaves behind a characteristic trademark or signature [called] specified complexity.” Specified complexity is not similar to the term irreducible complexity. The both have different definitions. Specified complexity indicates that it is an event “if it is contingent and therefore not necessary, if it is complex and therefore not easily repeatable by chance, and if it is specified in the sense of exhibiting an independently given pattern.” Slim chances of unlikely events to happen do not reduce chance. For instance, if you roll a dice for an adequate amount of time, you will be able to notice a “highly complex or improbably event.” Another appealing argument is that “specifications be objectively given and not just imposed on events after the fact.” For example, if a soccer player kicks a soccer ball onto the field and then we place the soccer net, “we impose a patter after the fact.” Alternatively, if the soccer net is “set up in advance (specified)” and then the soccer player shoots the ball into the net, “we know it was by design.”>GET ANSWER