Paying close attention to language, tone and action, discuss the
following passage, showing its significance to the play.
Northumberland: My liege, old Gaunt commends him to your Majesty.
King Richard: What says he?
Northumberland: Nay, nothing; all is said.
His tongue is now a stringless instrument; Words, life, and all, old Lancaster hath spent.
York: Be York the next that must be bankrupt so! Though death be poor, it ends a mortal woe.
King Richard: The ripest fruit first falls, and so doth he;
His time is spent, our pilgrimage must be. So much for that. Now for our Irish wars.
We must supplant those rough rug-headed kerns, Which live like venom where no venom else
But only they have privilege to live.
And for these great affairs do ask some charge, Towards our assistance we do seize to us
The plate, coin, revenues, and moveables, Whereof our uncle Gaunt did stand possess’d.
York: How long shall I be patient? Ah, how long Shall tender duty make me suffer wrong?
Not Gloucester’s death, nor Hereford’s banishment, Nor Gaunt’s rebukes, nor England’s private wrongs, Nor the prevention of poor Bolingbroke
About his marriage, nor my own disgrace, Have ever made me sour my patient cheek Or bend one wrinkle on my sovereign’s face. I am the last of noble Edward’s sons,
Of whom thy father, Prince of Wales, was first. In war was never lion rag’d more fierce,
In peace was never gentle lamb more mild, Than was that young and princely gentleman. His face thou hast, for even so look’d he, Accomplish’d with the number of thy hours; But when he frown’d, it was against the French And not against his friends. His noble hand Did win what he did spend, and spent not that Which his triumphant father’s hand had won.
His hands were guilty of no kindred blood, But bloody with the enemies of his kin.
O Richard! York is too far gone with grief, Or else he never would compare between –
King Richard: Why, uncle, what’s the matter?
York: O my liege,
Pardon me, if you please; if not, I, pleas’d Not to be pardoned, am content withal.
Seek you to seize and gripe into your hands
The royalties and rights of banish’d Hereford? Is not Gaunt dead? and doth not Hereford live? Was not Gaunt just? and is not Harry true?
Did not the one deserve to have an heir? Is not his heir a well-deserving son?
Take Hereford’s rights away, and take from Time His charters and his customary rights;
Let not to-morrow then ensue to-day; Be not thyself, for how art thou a king But by fair sequence and succession?
Act 2, Scene 1
Please read below the expectations of the task
CIE Learners guide
In the examination
• Focus quickly but thoughtfully on what the question asks you to do.
• Plan some thoughts before you start to write.
Online networking sites such as YouTube, Twitter, Facebook or Instagram are being used immensely as of late. Their prevalence gives new chances for information accumulation by the state and privately owned businesses, which calls for an increase in primary and hypothetical research on web-based networking media surveillance. The terms online networking and social media were created to portray the correspondence, group, and cooperative characteristics of websites, such as Blogger, social network websites such as Facebook and video facilitating stages such as YouTube. Regardless of the fact that there has been a considerable measure of build up about these terms, principally centred around how they provide platforms for new business and promoting opportunities on the web, there are societal impacts of these innovations that should be researched (Ellis et al, 2013). This essay will analyse current theory regarding the rising impact of social media on surveillance culture and discuss the frighteningly accurate foretelling’s of theorists whose work pre dates the social media revolution. Ultimately, displaying the argument that social media has given surveillance culture a platform to manifest and grow and that this ultimately changes the behaviour of the affected generations. Numerous current meanings of surveillance define a process of “data accumulation and handling, and then again procedures of forming practices (controlling, overseeing, administering, managing, affecting or directing practices)” (Fuchs 2011, p. 41). Societal surveillance includes the accumulation, stockpiling, preparing, and evaluation of information about people or groups of people by a performing artist to propel the latter’s objectives. Foucault (1997) recognises that knowledge is power and in order to gain and maintain power institutions use surveillance. Through methods such as data collecting, governments can turn something as complex as human behaviour into chunks of data. Monitoring people through numbers in order to maintain social order. However, throughout this essay surveillance culture will be defined through theorists such as Deleuze (1992) and Haggerty & Ericson (2000) because in their respective researches there is an understanding that surveillance is not just limited to institutions as Foucault (1997) suggests. In fact, surveillance is more networked now; as technology and globalisation has advanced people have become freer moving and have bigger networks. This has caused a power shift in surveillance that means that people are now more than ever able to monitor their peers’ behaviours. This is a culture of surveillance because it has grown to such a large scale that people have become reliant on it, particularly in the example of online social network because now huge chucks of our personal and social life are online and to step out of this leaves us ostracised. Online networking can be utilised as a successful apparatus for socialisation. Numerous individuals want to use new types of online networking sites keeping in mind the end goal to be included in this new format of community. It is essential to understand the criticalness of the connection between organisations and the public. Extraordinary consideration ought to be paid to the way technology includes people in surveillance culture because their impression of the public is as an initial form of surveillance (Dinev et al, 2008). Subsequently, social media allows for effortless control of the participants. As recent research suggests, the features of online networking can influence young people. Anderson (2009) highlights the vast amount of data that becomes available to researchers through the new field of social media, particularly in relation to violence, and how this is used to inform policy making. This clearly indicates the effect social media has had on surveillance culture in what could be seen as both a positive and negative manner. To expand, it could be thought that a new platform in which data can be retrieved without kno>GET ANSWER