Critically review the literature examining the relationship between spending decisions and happiness. To what extent does money make us happy?
Although 3D printing on a consumer scale is still somewhat new, its possibilities are varied. From planning a possible sustainable lunar base from moon dust (Klettner, 2013), to medical printing of skin or embryonic stem cells (Everett-Green, 2013), 3D printing applications in science offer a range of topics to explore for experts and non-experts. This thesis will explore potential applications of 3D data to enhance astronomy communication and increase engagement in astronomy as a field, for girls ages 10-15. Data Challenges in Moving From 2D to a 3D Space As stated, astronomical data, and the images such data produce, are often two-dimensional (2D). From our vantage point here on Earth, and from near-by orbiting telescopes, the Universe appears to us as a flat projection on the sky. Although some deep sky surveys, or catalogs, of our Universe contain information about distances to objects for 3D maps of the distribution of stars or galaxies (Devitt, 2012), and large studies are making headway into the three-dimensional nature of the Universe (Courtois et al., 2013; Mann et al., 2013), it is much less common to have three-dimensional information about specific cosmological sources. The number of objects in the Universe that have been mapped in 3D represents a small fraction of the observable Universe; indeed, the process of 3D mapping faces a number of constraints (Steffen & Koning, 2014), from data quality and resolution to processing, software, and hardware. New and upcoming missions are, however, working to try and change some of the constraints. For example, the European Space Agency’s Gaia satellite, launched in 2014, has a goal to create a detailed 3D map of a billion stars in our galaxy, the Milky Way (Bauer et al., 2016). Astrophysicists, computer scientists, engineers, technicians, and developers are creating new techniques to push astronomy visualization of specific objects beyond 2D images and expand into this important third dimension in space. 3D imaging enables experts and non-experts to be able to view objects from any angle and in some cases to virtually travel through them. Advances are also being made toward 3D data representation that includes other information, such as time or velocity, which can open up new areas of research and understanding. Research investigati>GET ANSWER