Please answer each question as thoroughly as possible, providing rich detail from our lectures, readings, and discussions. 1 PAGE FOR EACH QUESTION!!! The organization of your answers, the complexity of your analysis, and the clarity of your critical thinking are the key elements of your evaluation. The lecture slides are uploaded for you as well.
The following are the questions to prepare for your second exam. On the two exam days we will randomly select among the five questions – the quantity of questions will be determined on exam day. Please answer each question as thoroughly as possible, providing rich detail from our lectures, readings, and discussions. The organization of your answers, the complexity of your analysis, and the clarity of your critical thinking are the key elements of your evaluation. You will need a clean blue book for each day.
1. On Market Failure – We said that the rationale for public policy is either market failure and/or government failure. Address the following with this rationale in mind:
a. Define market failure from the perspective of the economist and government failure from the perspective of the political scientist (recall public choice theory).
i. Which definition best fits the policy problem of the law you are studying for your final paper? Explain why.
b. Market failures are most commonly identified with negative externalities. Provide an example and theoretical illustration/model of this phenomenon as well as a pro and con of government regulation as a corrective measure.
c. Lastly, provide an example of a public good and explain why it is framed within the theory of market failure. Be specific.
2. On Public Policy – We defined public policy as problem resolution of civic affairs of a nation, state, or city.
a. Referring to the policy you are studying for your final paper, select one of the policy foundations as well as one of the policy types discussed in lecture (see slides) that best describes the policy goal.
b. Building upon the policy goal, discuss the political feasibility of the following:
i. What are/were the political hurdles in passing the bill into law?
ii. Identify the major benefit and major cost associated with this law.
iii. Is this law financially feasible – can it pay for itself?
c. American politics has always been about the competition of ideas about what people really want. Referring to the policy you are studying, identify the characteristics of whether your policy is liberal or conservative – or, perhaps it is neither. Explain.
3. On the Philosophy of the State – Civil society has been characterized by the theory of the social contract initially formalized by Thomas Hobbes and John Locke:
a. How do the two philosopher’s visions of the social contract differ? Explain in detail
i. Does your law show evidence of Leviathan reaching into the American public policy domain?
b. Identify the following characteristics of the American social contract:
i. How did the Federalist Papers influence the ratification of the Constitution?
i. What is meant by “if angels were to govern men …”
ii. How does the U.S. government balance power?
iii. How does a bill become a law?
iv. How is a law implemented?
v. How is the constitutionality of a law affirmed?
4. On How Will You Measure Your Life –
a. This question pertains to the HBR article in Course Materials
i. Very simply – please address the following three questions
1. How can I be sure that I’ll be happy in my career?
2. How can I be sure that my relationship with my spouse and family become an enduring source of happiness?
3. How can I be sure I’ll stay out of jail?
ii. Pull from the article do demonstrate a command of the reading while also strengthening your answers to these imperative life questions.
5. Would You Kill the Fat Man?
a. Discuss the trolley experiments Spur and Fat Man with specific reference to how the two have distinct differences within the Doctrine of Double Effect. Additionally, these two thought experiments shed light on each of our philosophers’ approach to ethics – Aristotle, Kant and Mill.
i. Of the three philosophers, who do you think would and who would not kill the Fat Man? Explain in detail.
ii. Finally, trolleyology teaches us the importance of having a set of values and ethics from which to refer when making decisions – especially vital decisions. What can our lessons from the trolley teach us about becoming an effective and moral manager? Pull from the book to support your response.
Nawar (2012) proposes that shifting media presentations increase perception of the subject substance. In this way, the organization gathering will add video substance to their presentations. The prescribed theme for the chronicles will be called "Invigorate Your Senses - Go Ahead and Make the Change!" using the Monarch Butterfly as a picture of progress. According to the USDA Forest Services, Monarch butterflies are the principle butterflies to survive the challenges of development twice consistently (Migration, nd). The objective of this approach is to help set the stage for understanding the challenges that go with change (Kotter and Cohen, 2002). Channels Of Communication Berger and Iyengar (2013) suggest that correspondence in cutting edge society is multidimensional because of the diverse modalities used to transmit messages. There are casual group mediums (Facebook, Twitter, Instagram and others). There are various email exchanges (Hotmail, Gmail, Yahoo, and others). There are various email exchanges (Hotmail, Gmail, Yahoo, and others). There are canny frameworks, for instance, Tango and Skype. Finally, there is eye to eye interchanges. Berger and Iyengar (2013) analyzed the distinctive behavior by which one message can be produced using different stages. They found that formed messages gave more important opportunity to upgrade the correspondence method since extra time is required to make than it is to talk. The examinations also exhibited that dialogs added to the affirmation of referrals and recommendations. Given the results of the already specified ask about, it takes after that the ability of laborers intentionally dazzling in behavioral changes increase when boss interface with them in dialogs instead of passing on updates through messages. Medlin and Green (2014) support suitable organization assembles the prospect that laborers will purposely present their chance and insightful resources for the benefit of the affiliation. They drove an examination to recommend that positive organization association with specialists realized improved execution. They found that agents who felt regarded and recognized were both effective and capable. One decide that Medlin and Green (2014) found that additional to extended age was "solidarity of clearness" (p.27). This rule lines up with the channels of correspondence to ensure that fruitful correspondence between the organization gathering and laborers convey comes to fruition. Gathering Credibility Vigliotti and Gregory (2013) prescribe that executives set up trustworthiness by endeavoring to end up powerful, show aptitude, and display respect towards others. Directors must make safe conditions by keeping up open correspondence frames. They should be open, honest to goodness, and of high genuineness. They should show overwhelming full focus aptitudes. Clarity and straightforwardness are synonymous (Kotter and Cohen, 2002). In addition, creative ability, validity, and legitimacy go before message making (Hatfield, 2012). Hatfield (2012) proposes propel that messages must energize excited essentialness if they are to have any effect on the objective gathering. Thus, it is essential that chiefs commit basic time towards drafting their vision declaration. The articulated vision must stir trademark motivation in the agents or the risk of failure to associate with the workforce ends up unavoidable (Kotter and Cohen, 2002; Hatfield, 2012). Trying LaFasto and Larson (2001) confirm that trust in the change effort is made when organization sharpens display clarity, conviction, and duty. Empowering gatherings to settle on decisions that realize changes snappier in like manner makes certainty. Organization shows certainty when they assume that the gatherings are set up to manage challenges that rise. Finally, developing a culture of consistent duty and flawlessness conation sends a strong message of trust and conviction all through the affiliation (LaFasto and Larson, 2001; Kotter and Cohen, 2002; Hatfield, 2012). Taking note of Tough Questions Kotter and Cohen (2003) recommend that all change tries actuate questions intended to relieve uneasiness. Organization can and should prepare reactions for the extraordinary request. Regardless, the best practice in taking note of inquiries begins from being bona fide and reasonable. Fusco, O'Riordan and Palmer (2015) ask pioneers to remain legitimate. Bosses can do this by conveying a strong sentiment care and sureness by strategy for their exercises. Open correspondence, information sharing, and dependability in one's social relations augment the probability that the serious request will be viewed as inquisitive and welcomed.. Jones (2013) urges boss to abstain from contorting or controlling the convictions of approaching changes if they hope to get the trust and respect of their delegates. >GET ANSWER