First, read or review Margaret Mead’s “Sex and Temperament” and Germaine Greer’s “Masculinity” Then, in a response of at least 600 words in length, address the following questions: 1)After reading “Sex and Temperament,” how do you think that Margaret Mead would respond to the following question: Does being born a woman determines one’s fate? Explain your response. 2) Based on the ideas presented in “Masculinity,” how do you believe Germaine Greer would respond to the question: Does being born a man determines one’s fate? Explain your response. 3) Do you agree with Greer that “Masculinity is a system” (734, par. 12)? Is her claim still relevant today? Why or why not? 4) Finally, based on your own observations and experiences, how do people today (ranging from your family members and friends to government officials and internet trolls) treat those who deviate from gender norms? To receive full credit, you must support your claims with…at least two direct quotations, one from each text (from the author’s text itself versus the editor’s introductions) as well as Analysis/interpretation of these quotations.
The Roman showers are monstrous and remarkable complex structures intended for washing, unwinding, and mingling. The Romans trusted the showers were fundamental to the Roman human progress and that they were a case of their prevalence and power. The Roman showers were a critical piece of day by day life in old Rome's structural and social job, since it satisfied Romans' worries about wellbeing and tidiness, and in addition enabled every social class to blend unreservedly, unwind, impart, and bathe while being drivers of the advancement of design. The Roman showers were focuses of recreation, socialization, business, and talk. They were initially worked as a to some degree private rec center in the family units of rich Romans. The showers likewise existed in early Egyptian royal residences. The Romans took the possibility of a hipbath from the Greeks and extended it into a high level of refinement. The showers were typically situated close to the discussion, or, in other words or Public Square of an old Roman city, the focal point of legitimate and business issues and a position of gathering for the general population. At a removal site in Pompeii, where the first and most punctual section expense box was found, that the expense of passage at the Roman showers was straightforward one "quadrans" − the littlest coin money in Rome, therefore the Roman showers turned into an every day administration for individuals all things considered. On vacations, the extra charge was free, and amid Diocletian's rule the charge cost two denarii, which was more costly than expected. The well off Romans had balnae in their manors, which were littler, private bathhouses. The Roman showers, which are called thermae, were hugely extensive bathhouses worked for a state and it commonly took a few squares. Blended washing was unsuitable by most natives, so there were times for the two people at the Roman showers. Roman men would work around the evening and wrap up by 2PM or 3PM. At 2PM, the showers were open for fundamentally men to game, bathe, and convey until the point that the showers close. Then again, Women had less time, they went toward the beginning of the day while the men were grinding away to bathe, babble, practice in the event that they were competitors, and meet companions until 2PM. Republican bathhouses had separate showering offices for people as opposed to having times for the two people. As the Roman showers' fame developed, men started to utilize the showers every day, even the Emperor Commodus− who ruled from 180 BC to 192 BC and additionally controlling as co-head with his dad, Marcus Aurelius, from 177 BC− enjoyed washing so much he says he visited as much as eight times each day. From the earliest starting point of second Century BC, the Roman Baths developed in prominence and size since every Emperor endeavored to eclipse the last Emperor by building more enhanced bathhouses for the residents of Rome. By fifth Century AD, the Roman showers turned into a central piece of antiquated Roman culture and could be discovered everywhere throughout the Roman Empire − there were more than nine hundred in Rome alone. Some stunning precedents of the Roman showers are the showers of Caracalla, which secured more than thirty-two sections of land and could hold sixteen hundred bathers without a moment's delay. It is among the most wonderful bathhouses of the whole Imperial time, however Diocletian's showers exceeded that since they have held up to three thousand individuals. Some Roman bathhouses were based on characteristic hot springs, which were known for their mending properties. As indicated by compositions and the ceremonial contributions found in unearthings that the water, typically as hot as forty-six degrees Centigrade, that the recuperating was believed to be crafted by the divine beings. Some old Roman bathhouses had sanctuaries manufactured either on the site or near it, hence they ended up sacrosanct spots. For instance, Sulis was the Celtic goddess of the spring, and when the Romans arrived, they revered her as well. They perceived her with their own goddess of mending, Minerva. On the hot spring, the showers were fabricated, and by it, a sanctuary to Sulis-Minerva in a walled fenced in area. There were no administrations in the sanctuary, however ministers yielded creatures, and from that point onward, individuals went in for private supplications. They supplicated remaining before the statue with their hands out, palms up, and when they completed they kissed the statue's feet. Most antiquated Roman showers were spots of diversion instead of love. The bathhouses were worked to give a standard custom that Romans rehashed each time they visited the Roman showers. When entering the showers, they would initially go to the changing area, or apodyterium, where there werecabinets to store their garments and shoes which were monitored by slaves for an expense. The slave(s) would likewise escort the bathers while conveying the bather's rigging. At times the changing area had different purposes, for instance, in the Stabian Baths in Pompeii, thewomen's dressing roomwas additionally a frigidarium, a live with a little cool water pool. There is no unmistakable proof that shows what the Romans wore when showering, yet they may likewise have worn some light covering in the showers. Inside the showers, they may have worn unique shoes with thick bottoms to shield their feet from the warmed floors. In the showers, there was an extensive focal yard, whichwas the activity ground, or palaestra. A shadyporticothat drove into the washing rooms encompassed it. The palaestra has a natation−a huge open air pool such asone in the Stabian Baths. Since the Romans had no cleanser, they would utilize oil. In the wake of changing garments and oiling their bodies, male bathers would for the most part start their daily schedule with exercise, by doing activities, for example, wrestling, mellow weight lifting, various composes ofball playing, running, and swimming. After exercise, the bathers would have the earth and oil scratched from their bodies with a bended metal device called astrigil. A slave conveyed their towels,oil flasks,and strigils, while the bathers would begin showering through rooms of different temperatures. They may begin in the warm room or tepidarium, which had warmed dividers and floors, yet once in a while no pool, and afterward continue to the hot shower, or caldarium, which wasclosest to the heater. The caldarium had an expansive or little pool with exceptionally heated water and awaist-high fountainor labrum with cool water to sprinkle all over and neck. After this, the bather could invest some energy in thetepidariumagain before completing in thecold roomor frigidarium, a stay with acold pool. They would now and then recurrent a similar movement of rooms however in reverse. Different rooms gave wet steam, for example, sudataria, dry warmth like a sauna or laconicum, and also kneads with perfumed oils. After their showers, they could walk around alternate places the Roman showers advertised. The bathers could watch exhibitions of performers or trapeze artists, walk around the patio nurseries, visit the library, purchase a nibble from sustenance sellers, or tune in to an abstract presentation. The showers appear to be a tranquil, restful place, yet the showers were boisterous, as one philosopher−Seneca−complained when he lived almost a bathhouse in Rome: "The strong man does his activity with lead weights. When he is stressing hard (or putting on a show to) I can hear him snort; when he inhales out I hear him gasping and his dry wheezes. Or on the other hand I may hear … the blows of the massager's hands slapping his shoulders. To this, include … the man who makes a plunge with a considerable measure of commotion and sprinkling. Furthermore, if an athlete tags along and starts to forget about his score boisterous, I am unquestionably wrapped up." The showers were made to be extremely appealing and striking spots. Albeit the greater part of the enhancements have not survived, numerous essayists remarked on the advantage of the bathhouses, portraying them with words, for example, "very much lit, exquisite mosaics, breezy rooms with high vaulted roofs, silver fixtures and fittings, and artistic creations and shaded marble boards." There was additionally a substantial passage or meeting zone, where individuals could walk, talk, or sit on seats around two extensive wellsprings. Roman architects designed an arrangement of warming the showers called thehypocaust. Columns and spaces were left inside the dividers with the goal that tourist from the heater, or praefurnium, could circle and move through the space in the dividers. Rooms that required the most warmth were put nearest to the heater and the warmth could be expanded by adding more wood to the heater. Many warmed rooms and pools were situated to benefit as much as possible from the warmth of the sun. At the Baths of Caracalla, the hot room was a colossal corridor that was one hundred and fifteen feet wide with a pool three feet deep.In request to warm it, roughly fifty huge heaters were required and in addition a large number of flame resistant earthenware blocks or unique blocks called tegulae mammatae. Bathhouses likewise had largepublic lavatories, typically with marble situates over channels whose constant stream of water that built up the principal "flush toilets." These toilets were an essential piece of the pipes framework and also another basic region in which to sit and talk. There was a ceaseless water stream underneath the seats. A shallowwater channelin front of the seats providedsponges connected to sticksfor individuals to wipe themselves. The Roman showers were among the most impressive and lavish of all the remarkable works, and it permitted all, regardless of what their social job was, to appreciate the radiant showers. With their dazzling goods, high vaulted roofs, canvases, splendidly shaded mosaics, marble boards, and silver spigots and fittings. And additionally its association and arranging. The Roman showers were an essential piece of Rome's prevalence, social job, and progressions in design and that's only the tip of the iceberg. "Antiquated Roman Baths: Ancient Roman Architecture in Action."Web. 18 February 2015. "Camelot International: Britain's Heritage and History." Web. 18 Feb. 2015. James. "Roman Baths: Facts and Information." 25 Mar. 2013. Web. 18 Feb. 2016. McManus, Barbara F. "Roman Baths." June 2011. Web. 16 Feb. 2015. Cartwright, Mark. "Roman Baths." 2 May 2013. Web. 17 Feb. 2015. McGuire, Lela. "Showers in Ancient Rome." Web. 18 February>GET ANSWER