Middle Eastern history

Answer the following questions based on the readings. Each answer should not be longer than 250 words (use the word count function under “tools”). 1. On the basis of the “Tribute of Children” and the “Turkish Letters” explain how the Ottoman system of slavery worked. What were its advantages/disadvantages (if any)? 2. On the basis of “The Age of Akbar/Religion at Akbars Court,” explain Akbar’s religious policy. Was it Islamic or not? 3. On the basis of the Hatt-i Sherif Decree of 1839, what were the ideological bases of the Ottoman Tanzimat? Part Two: Essay (40 points) Answer one of the following. Your essay should be no longer than 600 words (use the word count function under “tools”). Make sure your essay has an introduction with a clear thesis or argument, a body which supports the thesis with evidence drawn from the readings, and a conclusion which summarizes your argument. 1. How did the Ottoman, Safavid, and Mughal Empires deal with the issue of religious diversity between the 15th and 18th centuries? Was one more successful than the others? Why or why not? 2. Why did the major Islamic empires experience decline in the 17th and 18th centuries? Were the causes external, internal, or a combination of both? 3. Compare the state reform projects of Egypt and the Ottoman Empire in the 19th century. In what ways were they comparable and in what ways different?



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