In the 17th century, missionaries played the most important role in consolidating the influence of the Spanish Empire in Santa Fe, St. Augustine and beyond. In learning about the role of Christian orders, do you find that their influence on indigenous societies was positive, negative, or both? (See Weber, Chapter 4 and give examples.)
-Discuss the role of the French and the British in contesting Spanish influence in North America (See Weber, Chapters 5 & 6). Pages122-147
-Read Weber, pages 195-220 (end of chapter 9 & chapter 10) and explain how the Spanish North American territories were lost.
-What are your thoughts on the Spanish and indigenous heritage of North America after reading David Weber’s book? Does it change your perspective on the history of the United States and the meaning of “Latin America”?
Through the influence of the Chicago School of Criminology (Jeffery and Vold, 1958) we see that that use of ethnography is crucial to understand society or groups of people who share certain characteristics. Crime and crime control are being seen now as the means assigned by culture. CC has developed in reaction to certain strands of positivist and classical criminology that focused on quantification and “hard” empiricism and crime control. Max Weber’s theories also greatly contribute to our understanding of Antifa. His main focus on society was the understanding of rationalisation, modernity and disenchantment. (Kauffmann, 2009) Weber has identified enchantment and disenchantment in the era of modernity and post modernity. Weber can be linked to CC if crime is viewed as a way to seek thrills (Berger, 2016), and an attempt to rediscover “magic” in a world of cold rationality and “disenchantment”. Technological advances and increasing knowledge have both been a blessing and a curse on modern society. Literature Review Crime can be seen as culture, or culture can be seen as a creator of crime through the lenses of CC. Crime as culture can be observed among subcultures, where crime is a group activity which is caused by the identity of the group. Within criminal subcultures there is a certain set of values, norms, language and appearance that members have to adopt and the crimes that come along with it. (Ferrell and Sanders, 1995) Criminal subcultures can be shaped by gender, class and various other inequalities. Other things we need to take into account are the authorities who label these subcultures as criminal. Media is responsible for building up the image, the constructions in CC and what perceptions the general public has on certain groups>GET ANSWER