Select a topic of moral controversy, debate, disagreement, and dispute, Examples of such topics are euthanasia, the death penalty, abortion, cloning, etc. You can pick any such topic. It need not be listed here.
Next, detail the positions of each side of the ethical debate. Note at least two moral reasons each side presents to show their view on the topic is correct.
Now, we want to evaluate these positions using the moral theories we studied this week:
What would an Ethical Egoist say about this topic? What side would the Ethical Egoist take? What would the Ethical Egoist say to justify their moral position? Is there a conflict between loyalty to self and to community relevant to your topic? If so, how so? Note what you feel is the best course of action.
What would a Social Contract Ethicist say about this topic? What side would the Social Contract Ethicist take? What would the Social Contract Ethicist say to justify their moral position? Does your topic involve a collision between personal obligations and national ones? If so, how so? Note what you feel is the best course of action.
Finally, reference and discuss any professional code of ethics relevant to your topic such as the AMA code for doctors, the ANA code for nurses, or any other pertinent professional code. State whether and how your chosen topic involves any conflicts between professional and familial duties.
crime prevention programmes. It was first launched in the United Kingdom in 1983, with now over 74,000 neighbourhood watchers around the country. The popularity of the scheme can be seen in Hough and Mayhew’s work, (1985) whereby if residents found a neighbourhood watch were to start in their area, 62 per cent of them would be willing to join. Not all academics believe neighbourhood watch is the most effective scheme, Bennett (1992) notes that there is no scientific evidence to suggest it is effective. He also argues that the scheme is all about “positive thinking” to encourage residents to take part and believe that they are doing something positive for their community. Another crime prevention strategy is the theory of broken window policing. The theory was first spoken about by Wilson and Kelling (1982) as they note serious crime only happens when the little things in a community are not being looked after. For example if a city has broken windows it shows a loss of social control within the city therefore more serious crimes are bound to happen. If criminals are arrested for smaller crimes, in theory larger problems should not arise. The theory has been seen in New York City and local officials noted the decrease in major crimes in the 1990s was due to the zero-tolerance strategies of the broken window theory. However many academics disagree that the broken window theory was to blame for the decrease in major crimes in New York City. Many have pointed out that before the broken window policy came into place crime rates were already declining (Bowling, 1999; Baumer and Wolff, 2012; Eck and Maguire, 2006). As well as New York City having lower levels of crime, Canada was also experiencing lower levels of crime but without the broken window concept being applied (Zimring, 2007). This suggests the lower levels of crime in New York City were not due to the broken window theory. Another theory similar to broken window concept is that of situational crime prevention. Clark (1983) defines the theory in his book as removing any opportunity for delinquents to commit a crime. Clarke believes this way is easier than trying to reform the delinquents. An example of trying to remove opportunity is developing secure products for example, manufacturing cars to be more difficult to steal (Clarke and Newman, 2005). A lot of the literature in this section is modern and can still be used in today’s society. However you do have to be cautious of the reliability of statistics as many may not be accounted for.>GET ANSWER