Though most Americans are extremely conscious of crime, most know little about the extent and the nature of
crime. Develop presentations, which demonstrate the categories of crime, victimization patterns, and areas
most prone to crime, trends, and patterns, which show the relationship between age, race, gender, income and
crime. This investigation should give you a more objective perspective from which to analyze crime policies.
You should explore various crime “stereotypes.” Good sources for this information are the FBI data
compilations as well as various state and local government data.
Discussion can turn to how crime is portrayed in the media. How crime stories, whether in the newspapers, TV
or film, appeal to the American public and in fact sell products. This discussion raises interesting ethical
concerns, particularly with respect to the influence of media and entertainment violence on the young. Along
with an historic overview of criminal justice policy, a review of criminal court cases particularly the 1960
Supreme Court decisions which required protection of custodial rights. Students are often very interested in
issues regarding search and seizure examples.
Consider issues of gun control, capital punishment, (medical) marijuana, and drug decriminalization. State your
position, and then defend the other side. Study white-collar crime. Discuss why some feel that this type of
crime is not treated as aggressively as other crimes. Compare crime rates and American reaction to crime with
that of citizens of other countries. Comparative criminologists find that American preoccupation with crime is
unprecedented when compared with other countries.
The reason for France’s timidity when confronting the British stemmed from the French desire to preserve as many ships of the line as possible given France’s much smaller battle fleet compared to Britain’s. The British had 136 Ships of the Line in 1805, compared to France’s 41. The French would rather try to escape, losing a few ships in the process than risking the entire fleet, which would impact their smaller navy tremendously. The Battle of Trafalgar was no exception to this French mindset. Before the battle, the French fleet led by Villeneuve attempted to retreat to the port of Cadiz, but quickly realized Nelson’s fleet would intercept them before reaching port. Recognizing his fleet could not escape, Admiral Villeneuve set up a hasty line of ships astern, perpendicular to where the approaching British fleet would arrive. Sombrely expressing the attitudes of the captains under his command before the battle, Villeneuve stated that “none to them will decide to put themselves at risk with brave determination”. The admiral himself went into the battle half expecting to be beaten, revealing the devastating effect of Britain’s culture of aggression on the French navy. Contrary to the Villeneuve’s and the French navy’s diffident attitude, N.A.M Rodgers argues the execution of British Admiral John Byng in 1757 by the Royal Navy sparked “a culture of aggressive determination which set British officers apart from their foreign contemporaries”. Byng had led a fleet during the Battle of Minorca, tasked with relieving a garrison on the island. Byng was confronted by a superior French fleet and retreated. Upon his return to England, Byng was court martialled and accused under the 12th Article of War for failing to “do his utmost” to relieve the garrison. The penalty for breaking the 12th Article was death, resulting in Byng being publicly executed on his own quarterdeck. N.A.M Rodgers asserts that the legacy of the execution of Byng was an absolute understanding for the next hundred years within the Royal Navy that retreat in the face of the enemy could mean death. In Voltaire’s novel Candide, he sati>GET ANSWER