The Industrial Revolution changed the ways that the world engaged with itself, but it was not the only significant change during the 19th century. The Enlightenment helped to create a sense of superiority within western European intellectuals and governments that stimulated a humanitarian need for them to go abroad and spread their culture. The Industrial Revolution provided an economic incentive to do so—all of these inventions required raw materials and for some countries, these raw materials could only be acquired overseas. The map below shows the industrial areas of Europe by 1850. Beyond the economic and moral reasons for creating colonies, there were also significant domestic political reasons. Nationalism, or the idea that your country is better than all others grew in the 19th century as governments tried to distinguish themselves. These three trends stimulated governments to go abroad, but they were not always successful. Origins of Imperialism
Despite nationalism growing as a European ideology, it was not inherently European to view yourself as superior to your neighbors or rivals. As people began to think about what made them German or French or English, it led to assertion of superiority. One of the reasons that one wanted to be part of one nationality or another was because it was viewed as better. Along with these ideas came the need to spread one’s own culture in order to ensure the world becomes a more developed place. The easiest way to do this was via imperialism.
Nineteenth century imperialism differed from the 16th and 17th century variety because more European governments established direct colonies throughout the world and because they tried to institute some aspects of Enlightenment and Scientific Revolutionary thought.
Imperialism was an economic and intellectual undertaking. Through their colonies, European governments attempted to integrate the areas where resources could be acquired and then re-sold after manufacturing in the country itself. For instance, cotton could be purchased by English merchants from India during the mid-19th century, then manufactured into thread and cloth and then exported to Indian markets for profit. This is a different model from earlier economic ventures where in most European governments or private companies extracted the manufactured goods from Asia or the Americas and simply transported them into Europe—for instance, spices were picked, cured, and then sent on European ships to Europe. Similarly, silver was mined, refined, and then used by the Spanish to buy manufactured goods from China such as porcelain or silk.
The vast majority feel forlorn in some cases, yet it generally goes on for a couple of minutes and a couple of hours. This sort of depression isn't not kidding. Truth be told, it is very ordinary. For a few people, however, forlornness can keep going for quite a long time. Analysts are contemplating this unpredictable wonder trying to all the more likely see long haul depression. These specialists have officially recognized three distinct kinds of dejection. The primary sort of dejection is impermanent. This is the most widely recognized compose. It for the most part vanishes rapidly and does not require any exceptional consideration. The second kind, situational forlornness, is a characteristic aftereffect of a specific circumstance—for instance, a separation, the passing of a friend or family member, or moving to another place. In spite of the fact that this sort of dejection can cause physical issues, for example, cerebral pains and restlessness, it for the most part does not keep going for over a year. Situational depression is straightforward and to foresee. The third sort of depression is the most extreme. Not at all like the second sort, perpetual forlornness ordinarily endures over two years and has no particular reason. Individuals who encounter constant depression have issues mingling and winding up near others. Shockingly, numerous constantly forlorn individuals think there is pretty much nothing or nothing they can do to enhance their condition. Clinicians concur that one critical factor in dejection is a man's social contacts, e.g., companions, relatives, specialists, and so forth. We rely upon different individuals for various reasons. For example, our families give us enthusiastic help, our folks and educators give us direction, and our companions share comparable interests and exercises. Notwithstanding, therapists have discovered that the quantity of social contacts we have isn't the main purpose behind dejection. It is more essential what number of social contacts we think or expect we ought to have. As it were, however forlorn individuals may have numerous social contacts, they once in a while feel they ought to have more. They question their own particular prevalence. Most analysts concur that the loneliest individuals are between the ages of 18 and 25, so a gathering of therapists chose to think about a gathering of school first year recruits. They found that over half of the green beans were situationally desolate toward the start of the semester because of their new conditions, however had balanced following a couple of months. Thirteen percent were still forlorn following seven months because of bashfulness and dread. They felt exceptionally awkward gathering new individuals, despite the fact that they comprehended that their dread was not normal. The situationally desolate green beans defeated their depression by making new companions, however the incessantly forlorn stayed despondent in light of the fact that they were reluctant to do as such. Analysts are endeavoring to discover approaches to help routinely desolate individuals for two reasons. Above all else, they are despondent and unfit to mingle. Besides, scientists have discovered an association between perpetual dejection and genuine sickness, for example, coronary illness. While impermanent and situational dejection can be an ordinary, solid piece of life, constant depression can be an exceptionally pitiful and once in a while perilous condition.>GET ANSWER