Negative externality

What is a negative externality? Construct a graph for the market for Steel showing the market price and quantity when the firms are dumping their industrial waste in the local waterways. What is the motivation for firms to pollute the local waterways?

Explain how third parties are adversely affected from the pollution and how the negative externality can be internalized. Draw into the graph the appropriate shift of the supply curve which will remedy the negative externality and bring about the socially optimal level of output.

What is a positive externality? Construct a graph for the market for vaccine shots showing the market price and quantity.

Explain how third parties are benefiting from those who consume vaccine shots and how the positive externality can be internalized. Draw into the graph the appropriate shift of the demand curve which will remedy the positive externality.

Sample Solution

ACED ESSAYS