Nonparametric tests, unlike parametric tests, do not imply any data assumptions. Nonparametric tests are commonly used under conditions where assumptions are violated or the required minimum sample size is not attained. The scale of measurement also can determine whether a parametric or nonparametric test is appropriate. The most common nonparametric tests are the chi-square test, two-way contingency analysis (a form of chi-square), and Mann-Whitney U-test, just to name a few.
To prepare for this Discussion, review Lesson 41 in the Green and Salkind (2017) text. Consider the impact of data analysis when the data distribution does not meet expected assumptions. Also consider conditions in which a nonparametric test is the most appropriate test.
By Day 3
Post an analysis of the relationship between data assumption violations and nonparametric analyses. In your analysis, do the following:
Compare the similarities and differences of parametric and nonparametric analyses in the context of data assumptions.
Provide at least one example of a parametric statistical test and its nonparametric equivalent, and explain how these examples illustrate the comparison of the two types of analysis.
Explain conditions under which you would use a nonparametric test (e.g., Mann-Whitney U-test over the independent samples t-test), including supportive examples from the course Resources for your explanation.
Presentation The current headways in innovation has had such an effect on the general public that the greater part of the general population tend to convey their wireless 24 hours every day and 7 days seven days. They don't want to leave their home without their PDA and the time they have a tendency to spend in their house is essentially spent on their PC and in this way both the PC and wireless has turned into their closest companion. This is the motivation behind why the Smartphone innovation has turned into a groundbreaking bit of innovation for the vast majority of the people (Aldhaban, 2012). The Smartphone gives them across the board convenient gadget that endeavors to coordinate the elements of a mobile phone together with the elements of a PC. The report primarily centers upon the historical backdrop of Smartphone innovation, the effect of Smartphone innovation on the general public, future expectation of the Smartphone innovation and its effect on ICT polished skill issues that incorporate the morals, security and protection. History of Smartphone Technology Cell phone can be considered as a moderately new bit of innovation and with the progression of time the Smartphone are being presented stacked with a few new highlights. The advancement has been portrayed beneath: 1992 IBM imagined the main Smartphone nicknamed Simon and was stacked with highlights like email administrations, touch screen, address book, number cruncher and date-book. 1996 Arrangement of Smartphone were propelled by Nokia which were viewed as a cross between a PDA and a Personal Digital Assistant (PDA). 2000 R380 was propelled by Ericson which was a touch screen Smartphone that utilized Symbian working framework. 2002 Blackberry was propelled with its email administrations and QWERTY keypad and was stacked with different highlights that included MP3 player, camera and remote innovation. Again it additionally advanced the trade email. 2005 Sony Ericson propelled the N-arrangement Smartphone focused towards the agents since it was stacked with processing abilities. 2007 Apple iPhone was presented with huge application store. 2008 Android working framework was presented in the market which was upheld by designers like HTC, Google and different engineers. Presently The significant players in the market are constantly presenting new and refreshed form of the Smartphone with fundamental concentration after offering high web speeds. The primary highlights of the Smartphone that are broadly valued by the people incorporate Push Email administrations, Exchange that give help with refreshing the data once and having it appeared on alternate gadgets that are utilized by the people, the ActiveSync and numerous others. These highlights give help to the general population to get to their messages and lead their business while they are on their go. Positive Impact of Smartphone Technology on Society With the fast advance of the people into the vulnerability of future, it is watched that individuals are ending up increasingly innovation shrewd and it is for the most part seen in the more youthful age of the general public (Joo and Sang, 2013). Something new is presented in the market sometimes and accordingly the dynamic idea of innovation is advancing on a persistent premise that has made the Smartphone an image of current personality. While centering upon the effect of Smartphone innovation on the general public one might say that it has prompted an expansion in long range informal communication. Despite the fact that long range informal communication locales like Facebook and MySpace left before the presentation of first Smartphone yet the substance of person to person communication was felt when the different Smartphone applications made it feasible for the clients to share the news and occasions, refresh their statuses and utilize the data shared by the others from the transportability of versatile framework. In this way the people with the assistance of Smartphone innovation and online networking have figured out how to execute the things at the opportune time. Consequently the reconciliation of Smartphone and Social Media endeavors to offer: An upgraded approach to speak with others. Presentation on a worldwide scale. Business improvement. Profession and learning development Notwithstanding the above realities, the assorted utilizations of the Smartphone additionally enable the people to monitor their every day lives and along these lines they to can depend on their Smartphone to influence them to wake up from the rest which can be viewed as a vastly improved and modern programmable alerts in contrast with the conventional wake up timers. Then again the clever updates and the schedule applications likewise continues reminding the people with respect to what is critical (Xu et al., 2011). It has made the lives of the people less demanding by presenting a move in the worldview from utilizing customary pen and paper arrangement of recording the information to recording the information with the assistance of the Smartphone innovation. So these highlights are utilized by the business experts to help them to remember their critical workshops and gatherings. Again the Smartphone has likewise changed the people into enthusiastic perusers. The people are never again required to convey the groups of books and magazines or stay tuned to get the most recent features. The people can without much of a stretch access the different magazines and news features with the assistance of the uses of the Smartphone innovation. The SIM controlled phablets and tablets that make utilization of the Smartphone innovation encourage the people with more extensive screens to peruse the stuffs. The Smartphone innovation endeavors to give the people fast web network with the assistance of which the people keep themselves refreshed with the progressions that happen in every one of the circles. Independent of the way that whether an individual is an agent who looks for most recent data on stocks and shares or a science-sagacious understudy who looks for the most recent penetrates of data that have been discharged by NASA, the Smartphone innovation has an application that can fill the individual needs. The Smartphone gadgets additionally encourage the people to book their air/rail tickets in a problem free way. Again the quick digitization in every one of the fields of the cutting edge life has been conceivable because of systems administration and the advantages of systems administration have been increased with the assistance of the portable web network. The Smartphone innovation and the gadgets have made the lives of individuals less demanding and agreeable and has additionally enhanced the expectations for everyday comforts of the people. In this manner it can be induced that the Smartphone innovation prompts an adjustment in human brain research and along these lines the people are winding up more social living beings. This has prompted disclosure of the idle "Hive Mentality" among the people (Luxton et al., 2011). The current progressions in neuroscience likewise give confirmations of this sort of mindset among the people where the gathering of individuals are progressing towards the condition of being a super-living being. Future Prediction of Smartphone Technology Watching the fast headways that are occurring in innovation it can be anticipated that super keen Artificial Intelligence would make the Smartphone significantly more intense than today for business purposes. The future forecasts have been depicted underneath: Surroundings Analysis At display the Smartphone can associate with a Bluetooth flag and along these lines stream the sound to the auto however in the coming 30 years the telephones will turn out to be more mindful. As the telephones would associate with the indoor regulator and along these lines the temperature would be balanced by the inclination of the person. It would likewise help in increasing moment data with respect to the accessible associations, the inn charge and the climate. Data Recording Later on it can be anticipated that the Smartphone would transform into computerized recorders that would record each place, occasions and encounters. As when an individual would stroll into a gathering room, the sensors in the Smartphone would take advantage of the telephones of different people preset at the meeting and consequently record their names, proficient encounters and their current voyages. Again the Artificial Intelligence would recognize what the individual need to record and in this way would play out the activity without the mediation of the person. Acquainting the world The Smartphone help the people to comprehend their general surroundings however later on it would go considerably further as a clever specialist of learning. The individual would talk into their telephone and it would make an interpretation of it into any dialect progressively. There are some applications that play out the activity at introduce however they don't work legitimately. The telephone would have a thought of the inclinations of the individual and in this manner would associate them to the area administrations. As if an individual preferences soccer then the telephone would let the individual think about the city that has as of late enhanced a soccer field in the adjacent region. Partner with others Later on it is anticipated that the Smartphone would check the general population with same mindset and it would encourage the person to hold multiplayer matches with the close-by gamers. The future Smartphone would gamify the circumstance on the inclination of the person. What's more it can likewise be anticipated that the Smartphone would likewise progress toward becoming paper thin promotion would charge remotely and the people would be equipped for anticipating a top quality screen on a divider to appreciate a greater screen. Effect of Smartphone Technology on ICT Professionalism Issues that incorporate Ethics, Privacy and Security It has been watched that despite the fact that the Smartphone innovation has upgraded the lives of the people and has enhanced the expectations for everyday comforts except it additionally has some adverse effects mulling over the variables like protection and security of ICT polished skill. With the development of Smartphone, the people tend to store their own information and data in their phone and furthermore lead their business exchanges over their ph>GET ANSWER