Write a 5 page peer reviewed paper regarding nonverbal communication and the importance of facial expressions in early child development.
enshrined in the UN Charter’s principle of non-interference. Article II Part 7 of the Charter states that ‘nothing contained in the present charter shall authorise the United Nations to interfere in matters which are essentially within the domestic jurisdiction of any state’ (Clements, 2008: 3). The larger powers, the permanent 5 and those aspiring to join them, have traditionally interpreted this mandate to mean that the UN should not obstruct the assertion of power and natural interests, expect in extreme circumstances (Clements, 2008). It has been argued that, since its foundation, the UN Security Council has maintained and promoted the interests of the most powerful nations over those of the rest through the veto process (Schaaf, 2013). As a result, the UN has been criticised on the basis that it prioritises representing the interests of certain nations over those of others. Thus, granting stronger nations the power of veto means that the interests of these countries can never be overridden (Schaaf, 2013). It is clear that such a position offers strong, powerful nations certain long-term advantages. It has been said that: For a hegemon, multilateral organisations offer a medium through which it can more easily fulfil its objectives, provided others can be persuaded to go along (Glen, 2009: 311). This idea reflects the view that, according to hegemony theory, the construction of an international order can help the dominant power preserve its authority (Schaaf, 2013). It is clear that the largest nation-states in the international system see the UN as a means through which to advance their national agendas (Clements, 2008). Thus, although the permanent 5 transfer issues to the UN when its acts in their favour; they will circumvent the organisation if it refuses to do so (Clements, 2008). A prime example is the actions of the United States under the Bush administration (2000-2008). During this period, the United States used the UN to dry and advance United States exceptionalism and unilateralism (Clements, 2008). This occurred during United States-led conflicts in Afghanistan and Iraq. Schaaf (2013) explains that such implicit bias towards the int>GET ANSWER