(1) Select a technology from 1850 to the present. Describe how it has
(2) Identify the transformation that takes place in a restaurant.
(3) The computer – especially the PC – is believed to be responsible for much
of the increased productivity in the 1990s. What do think will be the “next
big thing” to have a major impact on national and global productivity?
(4) What is the role of the World Trade Organization (WTO)? Do you see it
as primarily good or bad for the U.S?
(5) Identify one discipline and one technology that you think will contribute
in a major way to the future development of OM and describe why they will
1) Identify three qualitative forecasting methods and discuss their
advantages and disadvantages.
(2) Go to the website: www.baddesigns.com. Write a similar description (in
the same format style) for a badly designed product that is not described at
that website. Ideally, describe a badly designed product that you own or
have experienced yourself. You can include graphics or digital photographs
of the product, if you wish.
(3) How can a public school system control the quality of its output (that is,
its graduates)? (NOTE: if you have a good idea here, you can make a
fortune from it!).
(4) What are the advantages of standardization? What are the
disadvantages? How can innovation and variety be encouraged and
accomplished, especially in a new technology, while maintaining
(5) Assume that you own a chain of ten retail ice cream stores in the
Washington-Baltimore area. What would be the specific (to this business
situation) advantages and disadvantages of installing an ERP system for your
ice cream company?
(1) What are some of the worst jobs you know about? Why are they bad
jobs? Why do people want these jobs?
(2) What are the five core characteristics of a good job design?
(3) Assume that you own a software development company. You want to
form a keiretsu. What would be the advantages and disadvantages of the
keiretsu, and what kinds of enterprises would belong to your keiretsu?
(4) Assume that you are the CEO of a small regional airline whose pilots get
paid half of what pilots earn in the major national airlines. They threaten to
strike unless they get comparable pay. What are the three basic approaches
to negotiating with the pilots that you would use? What would be your
(5) Assume that you are the operations VP for a chain of clothing stores.
Describe the costs associated with ordering and maintaining inventory.
(1) Why are mathematical models not more widely used in aggregate
(2) What functions of the firm affect an MRP system? How?
(3) Why is the scheduling of services difficult?
(4) What are some of the questions that can be answered with PERT/CPM
(5) How do expert systems improve maintenance systems?
Authority is the way toward impacting the conduct of others to work energetically and excitedly to achieve foreordained objectives. It might be found regarding connection between a pioneer and his devotees (people/gatherings) which emerges out of their working for shared objectives. The supporters work readily to accomplish objective, accordingly there is no coercive power which initiates the devotees to work. Pioneers AS Shapers of Meaning Framing Issues. Encircling is an approach to utilize dialect to oversee meaning. It's a path for pioneers to impact how occasions are seen and comprehended. Contemporary parts identifying with lead group as dealing with the contentions; instructing to enhance colleague execution; used to fill in as troubleshooters. It appears to react in a gathering in which they need to take an interest with the pioneer. It includes tutor who is a senior worker who patrons and backings a less experienced representative. Initiative can be instructed online as it manufactures confide in the workplace of the association. Difficulties looking to initiative can be based on characteristics credited as pioneers are astute, continuous, have solid verbal abilities, understanding, are forceful and enterprising. In reality they see or undertaking the presence of being a pioneer. Numerous individuals today are trying to comprehend - and numerous individuals are expounding on - the idea and practices of administration.. The idea of authority is significant to any part of guaranteeing adequacy in associations and in overseeing change. There has been a blast of writing about initiative recently. Driving is an exceptionally human action - we're all human - so there are numerous individuals who view themselves as specialists on initiative. There are a large number purposes behind the notoriety of the theme, including that associations are looked with changes more than ever. Understanding the idea of administration requires more than perusing a couple of articles or fantasizing about what incredible pioneers ought to be. Contemporary issues incorporates  out of the case considering; leading by case; globalization;[ 4]changing gathering progression; technology; quick basic leadership; dealing with change and vulnerability; mentoring; ethical conduct;  enlisting and holding quality laborers. Presently, administrative and authority viability relies upon the capacity to pick up the trust of the devotees. An ongoing overview in U.S. representatives found that lone half confided in their senior director. Additionally the awful practices of partnerships in the U.S. like the pioneers of ENRON, WORLDCOM, and so forth that were blamed for taking part in exercises like mystery advances, insider exchanging, controlling benefit figures, dodging charges every one of these has lost the certainty and trust of representatives and financial specialists, provider, clients in senior administrators. Tragically, numerous individuals make solid affirmations about initiative without ever extremely understanding an incredible arrangement about administration. Pioneers require essential insight and occupation related learning however this isn't sufficient. They are vital however not adequate. It is passionate knowledge that makes him a star entertainer. These are: Mindfulness showed without anyone else certainty, practical self appraisal and a comical inclination. Self administration. Shown by dependability, uprightness, and solace with uncertainty, receptiveness to change. Self inspiration: showed by solid drive to accomplish, hopefulness, and high authoritative duty. Compassion multifaceted affectability, ability in building gifts. Unique: In any case, ensuing logical investigations find that pioneers are not uncommonly splendid, wonderful speakers or very lively. Rather, pioneers know how to produce connections and achieve errands. Actually, investigators find that pioneers' capacity to achieve assignments is much more vital than their relational abilities. Authority Personalities Scholastic examinations accomplish differed comes about when they attempt to seclude the attributes of powerful pioneers. In work done in 1948 that is still all around respected, researcher Ralph Stogdill suggested that pioneers have five "groups" of attributes that make them great at driving. The five are: "limit (insight, judgment); accomplishment (learning, grant); obligation (trustworthiness, forcefulness, poise, and want to exceed expectations); support (action, friendliness, collaboration, flexibility)" and "status (position, prevalence)." In 1990, resulting research distinguished five more factors that pioneers have in like manner: they are solid, pleasing, outgoing, and sincerely steady and open to new encounters. Current hypothesis recommends that anybody can turn into a pioneer to some degree in the event that he or she can: Be certain about making a move, and controlling his or her life. Utilize control in "genius social" ways that stretch out past individual pick up or narcissism. Create individual vision by observing the future effect of the present activities. Pioneers must have vision, a future perspective of occasions. Great pioneers can pass on their dreams and influence the future to unfurl as they trust it will. This by and large starts with composing a dream explanation, a procedure that frequently goes seriously. Usually, vision articulations are confounding. They tend to refer to objectives that are truly connected with techniques and destinations, not vision. To make a viable vision articulation, compose a concise, noteworthy assertion. At that point share your vision; make it more unmistakable by recounting stories and utilizing similitudes. Great pioneers reliably adjust their activities to their verbal messages. They see their supporters in a positive light, and think about their prosperity. Solid pioneers give the correct help to enable their devotees to acknowledge new difficulties. Pioneers help others in discovering significance in their work and in their lives. Enthusiastic Intelligence Pioneers manufacture associations with gatherings or people. The individual connections have a tendency to be more scholarly at the same time, in the two cases, great pioneer's display profoundly created "enthusiastic" or "social knowledge." They are mindful, socially gifted, trained and ready to bargain proficiently with other individuals. Individuals with passionate insight think before they act, center around their objectives, comprehend other individuals' feelings and have the ability to set up normal justification for discourse. In this case, researchers presumed that even the most capable official can't prevail without enthusiastic knowledge. Some real partnerships that needed to support future pioneers in their positions contracted therapists to deal with initiative attributes. The clinicians found that pioneers are keen and have strong, long haul vision, yet that their passionate insight is twice as critical as either mind or vision. One examination demonstrates that organizations where the representatives have high enthusiastic knowledge procure higher benefits. The turn around is additionally certifiably obvious. A workforce set apart by an absence of enthusiastic insight can mean lower benefits. Pioneers can learn passionate insight. Individuals who know their constraints can plan to maintain a strategic distance from upsetting circumstances or to work around occasions that pull at their shortcomings. One-on-one preparing is the most ideal approach to figure out how to enhance your enthusiastic knowledge. Such preparing centers around revising bothersome social propensities, for example, acting imprudently or being a terrible audience. Since this procedure expects individuals to revise cerebrum based passionate drives, the time has come expending. Hypothesis of Leadership Authority has been portrayed as the "procedure of social impact in which one individual can enroll the guide and support of others in the achievement of a typical errand". Definitions more comprehensive of adherents have additionally developed. Alan Keith of Genentech states that, "Initiative is at last about making a path for individuals to add to influencing something uncommon to happen." According to Ken Ogbonnia "powerful authority is the capacity to effectively coordinate and boost accessible assets inside the inward and outer condition for the accomplishment of authoritative or societal objectives." Administration stays a standout amongst the most pertinent parts of the authoritative setting. Notwithstanding, characterizing authority has been testing and definitions can change contingent upon the circumstance. As indicated by Ann Marie E. McSwain, Assistant Professor at Lincoln University, "authority is about limit: the limit of pioneers to tune in and see, to utilize their ability as a beginning stage to empower exchange between all levels of basic leadership, to build up procedures and straightforwardness in basic leadership, to verbalize their own qualities and dreams unmistakably yet not force them. Authority is tied in with setting and not simply responding to motivation, distinguishing issues, and starting change that makes for substantive change instead of overseeing change." The accompanying segments examine a few imperative parts of administration including a depiction of what authority is and a portrayal of a few well known hypotheses and styles of initiative. This article additionally talks about themes, for example, the part of feelings and vision, and in addition authority viability and execution, administration in various settings, how it might vary from related ideas (i.e., administration), and a few studies of initiative as by and large considered. Characteristic Theory Characteristic hypothesis tries to portray the kinds of conduct and identity propensities related with successful administration. In present day times, Thomas Carlyle (1841) can be viewed as one of the precursors of attribute hypothesis, trying to recognize the gifts, abilities and physical qualities of men who rose to control Despite the fact that attribute hypothesis has a natural interest, troubles may emerge in demonstrating its precepts, and rivals every now and again challenge this approach. The "most grounded" variants of quality hypothesis see these "initiative attributes" as intrinsic, and as needs be mark a few people as "conceived pioneers" because of their mental cosmetics. On this perusing of the hypothesis, authority improvement includes distinguishing and measurin>GET ANSWER