Define both oral communication and written communication, using examples to describe when each type of communication is most effective.
subordinate to the play ‘proper.’ Moreover, whilst in the Second Quarto it is textually subordinate, it is absent from the ‘bad text’ of the First Quarto and also from the ‘good text’ of the First Folio, which evidences the functional impermanence, fragility and inherent theatricality of the prologue in Shakespearean drama. The prologue’s fragility and its position as subordinate to the rest of the play text is particularly interesting when considering Romeo and Juliet as cultural artefact. For example, this fragment of line from the prologue, “A pair of star crossed lovers,” separated from its textual context, broken from the choric sonnet which houses it, has become a synonym for Shakespeare’s Romeo and Juliet and arguably, more broadly, for Shakespeare as cultural icon. The phrase stands in not only for the play or the man and his work, but for a broad narrative type of romance in literature or popular culture; this two-way construction over time solidifies the play text, problematically rendering it a known and complete quantity. In this way, disembodied fragments of text contribute to the cultural construction of Shakespeare’s works as a solid whole. However, the centrality and solidity of the literary and cultural motif of the “star crossed lovers” is destabilised when the prologue is acknowledged as a temporary theatrical tool. The idea of textual difference and separation within a seemingly solid play is also useful when considering the performance of dialogue and associated stage business in Shakespearean drama. Actors were not given the whole text to learn, rather they were given parts made up of their lines and their cue, typically the last two words of the speech before they were due to speak. This separation of the writer’s ‘foul copy’ into actor’s parts reflects that the theatrical manuscripts were hand written and that it was therefore impractical to provide the play in full for each member of the cast. Further, it was not in the playhouse’s financial interests to have too many whole copies of a new play in case >GET ANSWER