Philosophy, construct an argument to defend that position.

1.Is it true that religion is needed to get us to do our duty? If so, how might religion motivate people to behave morally? Is this kind of motivation problematic? Why or why not?
2.Suppose that most animals behaved a certain way. Would that provide some evidence that it is natural for us to follow their lead? And is “human nature” in that sense relevant to human morality?
3.If you had the chance to enter Nozick’s “experience machine” for the rest of your life, would you do it? Why might the idea of the experience machine pose a challenge for hedonism? Is the challenge successful? Why or why not?
4.Which utilitarian reply to the problem of injustice do you think is the most promising? Is it ultimately successful? Why or why not?
5.Do you think that there are any absolute moral rules? If not, why not? If so, what are they, and how can their absolute status be defended against the utilitarian view that the ends justify the means?
6.Why does the existence of fanatics pose a challenge to Kant’s moral theory? How do you think that the Kantian should respond?
7.What in your opinion is the strongest argument against Kant’s Principle of Humanity? Is it successful? Why or why not?
8.If rationality and autonomy explain why we are as important as we are, how (if at all) can we explain the moral importance of infants and non-human animals?
9.Is it immoral to be a free rider? Is it irrational? Does the existence of free riders raise a serious problem for contrarianism? Why or why not?
10.What is the priority problem for virtue ethics? Do you think the virtue ethicist has an adequate reply to this problem?

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