The Police Executive Research Forum (PERF) reading detailed the absence of uniformity between police departments in how they handle witnesses who “saw it with [their] own eyes.” Needless to say, the questionable nature of eyewitness accounts has resulted in eyewitness identification being described as the best evidence for the prosecutor and the worst evidence for an innocent person wrongfully identified.
1. Given these parameters, which side of this issue affirmatively resonates with your opinion regarding eyewitness testimony?
2. Why is mistaken identity so common?
3. What should investigators and prosecutors do to avoid using this type of evidence in their cases?
4. Go to: https://public.psych.iastate.edu/glwells/theeyewitnesstest.html
View the video and then the lineup. Were you able to identify the suspect? What factors effected your ability to ID him the most? Which step of the three parts of eyewitness identification did you find most difficult?
This is a multi-part topic. Please make sure you address all questions to earn full credit.
Upon arriving at a crime scene, what are the first actions that should be taken by a Crime Scene Technician?
How are these responsibilities different from those of the first responding police officer?
Does this difference surprise you? Why or why not?
Germany's Political System | Summary Distributed: eighteenth October, 2017 Last Edited: eighteenth October, 2017 Disclaimer: This paper has been put together by an understudy. This isn't a case of the work composed by our expert exposition scholars. You can see tests of our expert work here. Any suppositions, discoveries, conclusions or proposals communicated in this material are those of the writers and don't really mirror the perspectives of UK Essays. German Political System Chandra Chapagai Presentation Political framework is fundamentally a structure to choose, oversee, execute, and approve arrangements and systems to the residents of a nation. Every nation has their own particular political framework created or planned under which strategies, systems, and enactments to run the nation and the nationals. Every country has a type of uniqueness in arrangement of the political framework and how to shape approaches, methodology, and represent the country. Dissimilar to US, Germany has its own particular political framework to run the nation. Germany is a government parliamentary framework nation. It has distinctive segments of political framework and they are constitution, the official, governing body, legal, diverse states, made out of various political gatherings. Like all other political framework, parliamentary framework additionally has its own particular qualities and shortcomings. Constitution The essential rule that everyone must follow in Germany is the constitution. The constitution of Federal Republic of Germany was passed after World War II in 1949. Germany is a social Democratic nation. In the constitution, the essential privileges of German natives are ensured. All government and state experts are bound by the constitution. They can't do anything that is against what is composed in the constitution. It was the constitution that has built up popularity based parliamentary framework in Germany. After the constitution was composed it isolated forces of German into official, administrative, and legal branches. This constitution encourages every one of these branches to keep up balanced governance to run the nation. The Executive The official branch fundamentally comprises of the leader of the state, and leader of the legislature. The leader of the state is the president and this president is generally formal yet the stylized president is likewise dependable in speaking to the express, states' presence, and their genuine causes, and by and large solidarity of the states in the nation. The president additionally has the ability to rehearse legislative issues and actualize laws and request in the nation when there are emergency in the parliament and their bureau individuals, and is likewise dependable to deal with worldwide issues, sign bargains in the circumstance when the parliamentary framework is in temperamental state, and these are altogether composed in the constitution. The president is chosen by the administrative colleagues. The president is chosen for two multi year terms for greatest time period. The leader of the legislature is the government chancellor. In Germany, the elected chancellor is dependable individual to run the legislature and the general nation polices and governmental issues. The chancellor of the government republic of Germany is in charge of the parliament of the nation. It is the duty of the chancellor to choose the individuals from the bureau for the legislature. Governing body Assembly is another branch of the elected parliamentarian legislature of Germany. Lawmaking body gathering is isolated into two champers and they are Bundestag, and Bundesrat and its bicameral framework. The Bundestag and Bundesrat are bring down house and upper place of German political framework. The Bundestag individuals are chosen for multi year terms in the administration. Bundestag will have in excess of 598 individuals from portrayals. Current lower place of chamber has 622 individuals. It is required by the gathering to have no less than five percent of the national vote in the Bundestag to have the seats. Upper place of the German parliament is called Bundesrat. Bundesrat is a portrayal from every single other state in the nation. They are delegated by the state cupboards and can evacuate them whenever on the off chance that they need to. States chooses the delegates to serve in the Bundesrat. The quantity of house individuals in Bundesrat is littler than Bundestag. The lower place of the parliament has the power and specialist to veto state level enactment and that will eventually influence the administering power on the state level. Legal The legal arrangement of government republic of Germany is dependable to translate, clarify, and apply the law to the nation and different states. German legal framework rehearses common law. The legal arrangement of German has three court framework and they are standard courts, particular courts, and government established courts. Conventional courts fundamentally are dependable to managing criminal and common cases. The government court of equity of Germany is the most elevated common court in the nation. It is likewise the most elevated court of advances that the greater part of the cases go there for the most astounding interests to be heard by the government judges. Particular court frameworks in Germany manages issues that are identified with organization, work laws, social laws, spending plan and monetary laws, and the patent laws. Any cases identified with these issues are coordinated to the particular courts in Germany. The most elevated government Germany court is called as the established courts and this court centers around legal framework and any protected issues. In the event that there are any issues identified with the constitution of the national government, the Federal Constitutional court will be included. The States Germany is partitioned into sixteen states. It is additionally called Landers. The legislature of Germany has government constitution, all the power are given to the state and they oversee and represent the state level issues submit to the elected constitution. Since the populace on these states are not same and can shift in this manner, the size and domain of these states additionally fluctuate. Each state has its own particular capital and has their own particular nearby and provincial government to administer the general population of the state. Political gatherings In equitable nations there will be political gatherings to keep running for the legislature. In the elected parliament administration of Germany there are two noteworthy political gatherings and they are Center-Right and Center-Left. The Center-Right has two different gatherings and they are Christian Democratic Union, and Christian Social Union. These two gatherings work contrastingly and they work thought the nation. The Center-Left Party is the Social Democratic Party. There are different gatherings also and they are named as The Left Party, and the German Green Party. The current political gathering in the administration presently is Christian Democratic Union (CDU). Angela Merkel is the present leader of the administration of Federal Republic of Germany. At present Joachim Gauck is filling in as the leader of the states in Germany. Qualities and Weakness of Parliament System Any political framework has qualities and shortcomings. Political framework in government parliamentary framework additionally has qualities and shortcoming. One preferred standpoint of parliamentary political framework is that the official branch is subject to Bundestag and Bundesrat and its simple and quick to pass the enactment that was proposed. Quality is that the official power is partitioned into states and isn't completely thought to the leader of the government. The most huge quality I like depends on the arrangement of discussions, it can change the power without race and afterward enable race to be held whenever, so there is adaptability if require be. One shortcoming of the parliamentary framework is that the leader of the administration, the chancellor isn't straightforwardly chosen. Additionally, there is no any gathering or body that they restrict the enactment that is passed by the parliament. Official branch and authoritative branches are firmly associated and the balanced governance between them are poor. There are potential outcomes of having casual constitutions Sometimes hold powers are utilized which are not vote based and can cause emergency in the constitution. It is likewise conceivable that the parliamentary framework can create political specialist from the official branch. Conclusion The political arrangement of Republic of Germany is extremely intriguing. The political arrangement of Germany is genuinely decentralized framework in which the framework is sorted into official, administrative, legal, and cupboards. In this framework, the general population will choose enactment, the enactment body choose official, and the official body produces open strategy. There are both great side and terrible side of parliamentary political framework. The legal arrangement of German is known as the essential tradition that must be adhered to. There are diverse political gatherings in the Republic of Germany and all can partake in the political procedure and include in the race forms. In Germany, chancellor is the leader of the administration, and the president is the leader of the sixteen states.>GET ANSWER