political minorities

The Framers created a system that protected political minorities from majority tyranny—in order to prevent the majority from limiting the rights of the minority. This is accomplished by creating institutions that share power in order to make it difficult to change policy. This outlook assumes that the minorities that need protection are those that have power or resources. Minorities today often lack these resources. Consequently, the democratic values of equality and liberty may require the majority to accede power to the minority. Building on this work, In Tyranny of the Minority, Ben Bishin offers an explanation for how, and under what circumstances, members of minority groups can obtain policy.

How can minority groups lacking power get the policy they want in the face of both majority opposition and an institutional design that seeks to thwart change? Does Subconstituency Politics Theory allow the marginalized to overcome the hurdles that Madisonian democracy erects? If so, under what conditions? If not, why not? To what extent are the lessons from subconstituency politics available to all society groups? In answering be sure to explain subconstituency politics theory and identify the specific institutional hurdles that the framers erected that limit minority groups’ ability to obtain policy. Use those as building blocks for explaining whether and under what circumstances minorities can prevail in American politics.



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