Imagine that you are preparing taxes for a local tax service provider. A married couple named Judy and Walter Townson have come to you to seeking
assistance with their federal income taxes. During your meeting with the Townsons, you gather the following information:
They are both 55 years of age.
They have two daughters and one son. One daughter (age 25) is married with children. One daughter (age 20) is living at home and attending
college. Their son (age 16) is a junior in high school.
They are currently paying for their college-student daughter to attend school full time.
Judy is employed as a teacher and makes $60,000 a year. She used $500 of her personal funds to purchase books and other supplies for her
Walter is employed as a CPA and makes $100,000 a year.
They provided you a 1099-INT which reported $4,500 in interest of which $500 was savings bond interest.
They provided you a 1099-DIV which reported $300 in dividends.
They received a state tax refund last year of $385.
They provided you a list of expenses including:
Doctor’s bills, $800
New glasses, $2000
Dental bills, $560
Property taxes for their two cars of $800, which included $50 in decal fees
Real estate taxes of $4500
Mortgage interest of $12,000
Gifts to charities, $1000
GoFundMe contribution to local family in need, $100
Tax Preparation Fees for last year’s taxes, $400
Consider the most beneficial way for Judy and Walter to file their federal income tax return. Prepare a brief written summary that addresses the following:
Estimated taxable income for Judy and Walter (please show computations!)
Summary of tax return, including any suggestions or tax planning considerations
Explain how you determined the filing status, dependents, and use of standard/itemized deduction.
- Review tax authorities and sources of tax law.
- Assess the concepts of gross income and strategies to minimize gross income.
- Examine deductions from income, limitations on those deductions, and strategies for maximizing deductions.
The government aims to guide and broaden kids’s getting to know; those include the Plowden file (1967), The countrywide Curriculum (1999), a more current assessment referred to as the Rose overview (2009) and The primary Cambridge review (2009). these critiques were heavily influenced by using each Jean Piaget and Lev Vygotsky. This undertaking will evaluate two learning theorists and the effect they have on coaching and studying. My important cognizance will be on Jean Piaget and Lev Vygotsky but Jerome Bruner will also be referred to. first of all, the task will describe and severely examine Jean Piaget’s theory of cognitive improvement. Secondly, i will describe and critically examine the strengths and weaknesses of Lev Vygotsky’s concept of socio cognitive development. both getting to know theorists may be tested and in comparison at the side of the implications they have on powerful coaching exercise. i'm able to then circulate on to evaluate the effect it has on an man or woman baby in phrases of coaching and learning, taking their improvement desires under consideration in addition to talking approximately maturation of the kid. The faculty will also be noted at some stage in this challenge. The name of both the kid and the college will not be disclosed due to privacy. i'm able to also discover the factors that have an impact on coaching and gaining knowledge of in the four essential subjects, those consist of: Literacy, Numeracy/arithmetic, science and ICT. Jean Piaget (1896-1980) was a biologist who moved into reading traits of children’s expertise by the age of 21, this become performed thru remark, speaking and listening to the children on a challenge that he had set. “Piaget’s paintings on kids’s highbrow development owed an awful lot to his early studies of water snails” (Satterly, 1987, p. 622) Piaget turned into a widely known French talking Swiss theorist who believed that youngsters examine by means of lively know-how through arms on enjoy. To try this the grownup ought to offer the right substances to allow the kid to engage and assemble efficaciously. His views on how a baby’s thoughts functions and develops had a extraordinary have an impact on specifically in education principle. He in particular targeted on toddler maturation to growth the understanding in their world; youngsters can't carry out sure obligations until they're psychologically mature sufficient to accomplish that (toddler-improvement-manual, 2010). Piaget believed that children’s questioning does no longer expand easily during youth as there are sure factors wherein it expands and progresses into new pursuits and abilties. The transitions came about at about 18 months, 7 years and eleven/12 years of age; this supposed that before those a long time, regardless of how shiny a child is he/she isn't able to expertise matters in sure ways. Piaget used Socratic wondering to get the youngsters to assume greater about what precisely they may be asking or considering, the aim of this was to get kids to peer contradictions of their factors. Piaget’s idea of cognitive improvement was the crucial structure to his principle. the acquisition of understanding in childhood which blanketed processes including underneath>GET ANSWER