Briefly define the following project planning terms; a) Statement of Work (SOW) b) Project charter
2) Describe briefly the project life cycle and say why it is important in project management. 3) What are main problems associated with the cost management of projects? 4) What are the main risks associated with projects and what should be considered in a risk management plan?
Research is a request to depict, clarify, anticipate and control the watched improvement. Research gains learning about a specific thing it is done to get it. It can likewise be viewed as the deliberate examination concerning and investigation of materials and sources with a specific end goal to build up realities and achieve new conclusions. Research techniques are frequently separated into two primary writes: Subjective Research strategies Quantitative Research strategies Subjective Method of Research. Subjective research which is additionally called Field inquire about is done to pick up a profound comprehension of a particular association or occasion instead of the surface description.it is gone for showing signs of improvement understanding through first experience, honest reports and citation of real discussions, likewise intends to know how members get significance from their environment and how their importance impacts their conduct. Subjective research mentions utilization of objective fact as an information gathering strategy; this is the choice and recording of practices of individuals in their condition, perception is valuable for producing top to bottom depictions of associations or occasions, for acquiring data that is generally blocked off, and for leading exploration when different techniques are lacking. The unique circumstance or foundation of conduct is incorporated into perceptions of the two individuals and their condition. Stages in Participatory Observation Determination of a site and meaning of issues, ideas and pointers. The issue or marvel of intrigue is first distinguished by the analyst; he tries to recognize what will yield the best comprehension of that issue. The scientist at that point recognizes preparatory ideas and what information will be accumulated as markers of those ideas. The scientist picks a technique to move into the specialist. This includes a plain or a secret part for the specialist, issues may incorporate how to record perceptions (composing notes, tape accounts, video tape) and in addition moral issues (protection, classification, and so on.) Procedures include: embracing a latent part at in the first place, taking in the ropes; don't look for information forcefully until some other time; be a scientist not a specialist, answer addresses but rather don't turn out to be firmly related to any one individual until the point that you are certain it won't cost you data over the long haul, be non-determination. Choosing individuals and occasions to watch. Essential sources otherwise called "key witnesses" of data are distinguished by the analyst. These individuals might be depended upon at the outset to enable the specialist to get acculturated to the circumstance. The announcements of key sources can be taken as confirmation, regardless of whether their announcements are to some degree self-serving. The specialist should likewise know about conceivable contrasts between the legitimacy and goal of volunteered proclamations that are made because of the analyst's inquiries. Create associations with the members. Scientists must have the trust and certainty of the witnesses. Analysts must talk their "dialect" and comprehend their "reality". The scientist can take note of the distinctions as opposed to acknowledge one and reject the other. The specialist must decide if certain things are not being said as a result of his or her part as "analyst" or whether they can utilize their situation as "nonpartisan outcast" to acquire data. Investigating perceptions. The specialist can check whether none, all or some extent of practices or occasions happen under particular conditions. A preparatory model can be created to clarify the information gathered. Encourage perceptions are then gathered which can fortify or debilitate the scientists preparatory model. Last examination and translation. Models are checked against the proof. Propelled ideas and proof for their help and nullification are checked. The significant issue is the way to display the information in a brief yet important shape. Focal points of Qualitative research. It gives the analyst opportunity to give the investigation a chance to unfurl all the more normally. The specialist acquires definite and rich information as complete composed depictions or visual confirmation, for example, photos. It takes a gander at the specific circumstance and social significance and how it influences people. Disservices of Qualitative research. It is tedious. It is hard to code information. It isn't appropriate to generally scattered social settings It is hard to control for scientist predisposition. Quantitative Research of Method. Quantitative research can be viewed as clarifying wonders by gathering numerical information that are broke down utilizing scientifically based techniques; this strategy decreases the information into numbers, the analyst dissects the information with the assistance of measurements. The scientist knows ahead of time what he/she is searching for and all parts of the investigation are painstakingly outlined before the information is gathered. Its goal is to create and utilize numerical models, speculations or theories relating to marvels. Procedure of Quantitative research technique. Creating models, speculations, and theories of what the scientist hopes to discover. Creating instruments and techniques for estimating the information. Trial control and control of factors. Gathering the information. Displaying and investigating the information. Assessing the outcomes. Standards of Quantitative Research. Objectivity is vital. Techniques and conclusions are analyzed by scientists for any conceivable inclination. Scientists go to incredible length to guarantee that they are truly estimating what they claim to quantify. Outside variables which may influence the outcome should likewise be controlled as it may be the other factor which delivers the outcome. When taking a gander at comes about the P esteem is critical, P remains for likelihood. It gauges the probability that a specific finding or watched contrast is because of shot, P is in the vicinity of 0 and 1, the nearer the outcome is to 0 the more improbable it is that the watched distinction is because of progress, the nearer the outcome is to 1 the more prominent the probability that the finding is because of possibility and that there is no distinction between the factors. Focal points of Quantitative technique for inquire about. It enables specialists to quantify and break down information. It does test for speculations in tests in light of its capacity to quantify information utilizing insights. The scientist is more target about the discoveries of the examination. Disservices of Quantitative research. It doesn't examine things in a characteristic setting or talk about the significance things have for various individuals dissimilar to subjective technique for look into. An expansive example of populace must be examined; the bigger the example of individuals inquired about the all the more factually precise the outcomes will be.>GET ANSWER