The Department of Homeland Security (DHS) was formed after the 9/11 attacks to bring together the organizations, capabilities, and processes that were considered necessary to protect the homeland. The focus on the 9/11 Commission and DHS when formed was primarily to protect physical infrastructure (and people) against terrorist attacks. A traditional role of government, protecting against and helping people recover from natural disasters was logically and easily incorporated into the foundational antiterrorism objective in forming DHS. Discuss the following: •Discuss the various cyber and cybersecurity roles of the Department of Defense, Department of Justice, and the Intelligence Community. •Discuss how organizations like the National Security Telecommunications Advisory Committee (NSTAC), the Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS), the Institute for Defense Analysis (IDA), and so forth impact cybersecurity policy proposals and processes. •Discuss the interests and equities of private-sector entities in cybersecurity policy debates, including telecommunications providers that provide the Internet backbone, security vendors that provide antivirus and other security products, and commercial service providers that provide cloud and other services. •Discuss how and why DHS was established, and how cybersecurity became a part of DHS’s responsibilities.
Marx and Mill's Theories of Freedom: A Comparison Distributed: eighteenth October, 2017 Last Edited: eighteenth October, 2017 Disclaimer: This article has been put together by an understudy. This isn't a case of the work composed by our expert paper authors. You can see tests of our expert work here. Any sentiments, discoveries, conclusions or suggestions communicated in this material are those of the writers and don't really mirror the perspectives of UK Essays. SANDRINE UWIMANA MARX AND MILL'S VIEWS ON FREEDOM. This paper looks into Karl Marx and J.S. Plant on their understandings of opportunity and their investigations of the obstructions to its acknowledgment. Both Marx and Mill concur that people are equipped for gaining ground and that the idea of flexibility is an end in itself. Along these lines, they considered opportunity to be a way to acknowledge singular potential and self-assurance. Nonetheless, both contrast on the idea of opportunity acknowledgment and the hindrances to flexibility. Plant contends that the obstacle to opportunity is the manly society while Marx contends that the hindrance to flexibility is the bourgeoisie. Moreover, the exposition talks about the intercession by state/society into flexibility. Plant state that the general public can meddle into somebody's flexibility when there is hurt done to others. For Mill opportunity ought to be practiced insofar as there is no damage done to others while Marx bolsters the flexibility to oust the bourgeoisie . Then again, Marx sees hold that the administration/society ought to intercede in singular flexibility to maintain a strategic distance from uniqueness that prompts private property and thus making classes. Both Marx and Mill consider flexibility to be an end in itself. As per Marx's meaning of opportunity, was seen as an end in itself. "Just in network has every individual the methods for developing his endowments every which way; just in the network, subsequently, is close to home opportunity conceivable. In the past substitutes for the network, in the State, and so on individual flexibility has existed just for the people who created inside the connections of the decision class, and just seeing that they were people of this class," Karl Marx and Frederick Engels. For Mill, the right to speak freely, feeling and the privilege to connect with others, were vital for the advance of humanity. Opportunity of decision is and do what is alluring insofar as no mischief is done to others is an end in itself. As Mill accordingly say that , "… however the traditions be both great as traditions… yet to comply with custom… does not… create… human resources… practiced just in settling on a decision." (Mill 60). It is obvious that flexibility of decision is critical to the improvement of uniqueness and advance of the general public in general. Along these lines, flexibility is an end in itself, on the grounds that using human prompt settle on decisions is advantageous for self-awareness. Subsequently, the view that considers flexibility to be an end in itself can be ascribed to both Marx and Mill. Then again, there are impressive contrasts amongst Mill and Marx viewpoints on sees in regards to opportunity. For Mill, opportunity is critical to search for truth and for motivations to live and for advance ( Mill 29). Plant attests that a man must be allowed to seek after his bliss and delight. Moreover, Mill in "On Liberty" affirms that individual opportunity is the vital boss for the advance of society. The sentiment of the individual must be supported and permitted to develop with the goal that he can utilize his advantages and abilities to profit the general public everywhere ( Mill 63). In this way, Mill, can be outlined in On Liberty : "The main opportunity which merits the name, is that of seeking after our own great in our own specific manner, inasmuch as we don't endeavor to deny others of theirs, or hinder their endeavors to acquire it." An individual has the capacity and the ability to be innovative in a general public that perceives that capacity. Too, Mill contends for the right to speak freely for everybody and that every individual assessment ought to be regarded paying little respect to its substance. Factory likewise contends that flexibility/freedom is critical for the quest for satisfaction (Mill 29). Anyway , Marx attests that individuals ought not be individualistic and ought not seek after their own particular advantages but rather should comply with the general public's standards. For instance in "On The Jewish Question: Zur Judenfrage, " Marx reprimands the liberal idea of opportunity and contends that it expect that an individual is "a secluded monad" ( Max 364) who seeks after his own particular private bliss and furthermore endeavors to keep away from struggle with others ( Marx 370). He contend that an individual can't be dealt with independently from society. The individual is an integral part of society and there is no place he/she will work in detachment without influencing the general public all in all. Subsequently, Marx contends that the comrade framework would make it feasible for everybody including youngsters and ladies to be free as they would not be compelled to work for the anybody (Marx 72). For Marx, this is flexibility. Too, Marx clarifies how "my free action" changes itself into "the distanced and uncaring force" with the fetishism of the item. (Marx, 554). Besides, Mill and Marx offer an alternate point of view on the intercession by state/society into flexibility. Plant contends that there is no defense for meddling in other individuals' feelings and considering. Not in any case the legislature has the privilege to meddle in somebody's flexibility. It could be contended this is the establishment of present day singular opportunity. You are free and qualified for your own conclusions as long as you don't hurt another ( Mill 4). "The purpose behind not meddling, except if for others, with a man's willful demonstrations, is thought for his freedom. His willful decision is confirm that what he so picks is attractive, or possibly bearable, to him, and his great is all in all best given to him by enabling him to take his own particular methods for seeking after it," Mill (14). Interestingly, Marx contends that there is a requirement for the state to meddle with private property so property proprietorship may be abrogated. The legislature ought to have the privilege and the way to control the general population who have private property, subsequently shaping a perfect socialist society. It must be noticed that Marx 's contentions depended on the view that free enterprise was shrewd and thus should have been supplanted by socialism. Too, Karl Marx, in On the Jewish Question says that "None of the gathered privileges of man go past the proud man, man as he is an individual from common society; that is, an individual isolated from the network, pulled back into himself, completely distracted with his private advantages and acting as per his private fancy." Hence, a man needs to fit in with the general public's standards. Hence, Marx sees counter-contend the view by Mill that the general public should regard the individual opportunity. Then again, Mill cautions against the tranny of the larger part in light of the fact that occasionally the greater part's feeling isn't in every case right. Along these lines the security of the individual is more vital and must be ensured. Furthermore, Mill's and Marx' sees vary on the activity of opportunity. As per Mill, flexibility and freedom is having through and through freedom and self-assurance without being subjected to perpetual law ( Mill 32). Plant includes that advancement and imagination can be accomplished in a free situation . In this manner, he advocates for a free situation which takes into consideration advancement and development of new thoughts. "Virtuoso can just inhale openly in anatmosphereof opportunity. People of virtuoso are … moreindividual than some other individuals" ( Mill, 65). Along these lines, opportunity of the individual will permit new thoughts and result in the advance of the general public all in all. Too, he contends that the general public or the state ought not constrain individuals to fit in with the specific standards of the general public and nor mediate in the exercises of the person which add to the advancement of the network in general. Be that as it may, Mill recognizes that the main time when the legislature or the general public needs to meddle is the point at which it ventures in to keep your hurting other individuals (Mill 68). In this manner, Mill declares that flexibility ought to be practiced insofar as there is no mischief done to others. Plant, a man's opportunity must be secured and permitted to be investigated without encroaching on other individuals' flexibility. By and by, the practicing of opportunity ought to be checked. Likewise, Marx contends that most of the average workers should battle for their flexibility and beat the oppression of the bourgeoisie (Marx 73). This appears as though the perspectives of Mill who contends that the subjects are to have flexibility and the state, which is in little minority, ought not practice oppression over them. Factory, then again, contends that the opportunity to join must be done such that there isn't mischief to others . Plant would see the contention of Marx upholding the topple and taking the property of the bourgeoisie as mischief done to others. In the Manifesto, Marx requires the opportunity of the average workers to join together and at last to rebel against the creation proprietors otherwise called Bourgeoisie (Marx and Engels, 34). The regular workers will ascend for their opportunity. Marx declares that flexibility can be accomplished through belief system. In the event that the regular workers would learn and know the belief system of the bourgeoisie, they would have the capacity to build up a counter philosophy and henceforth the low class would wind up hesitant and mindful and in this manner have the capacity to oversee and control the methods for generation (Marx 173.) Thus, Marx contends that the average workers would be liberated from estranged work on the off chance that they knew the belief system of the bourgeoisie. This is the manner by which the low class would have the capacity to beat the misuse of the bourgeoisie. For Marx, the average workers ought to be joined together and battle for their individual flexibility . Too, as per Marx, opportunity could be accomplished if the common laborers possessed the methods for creation. It can likewise be seen that industrialist>GET ANSWER