Calculate the following problems and provide an overall summary of how companies make financial decisions in no more than 700 words, based on your answers:
Stock Valuation: A stock has an initial price of $100 per share, paid a dividend of $2.00 per share during the year, and had an ending share price of $125. Compute the percentage total return, capital gains yield, and dividend yield.
Total Return: You bought a share of 4% preferred stock for $100 last year. The market price for your stock is now $120. What was your total return for last year?
CAPM: A stock has a beta of 1.20, the expected market rate of return is 12%, and a risk-free rate of 5 percent. What is the expected rate of return of the stock?
WACC: The Corporation has a targeted capital structure of 80% common stock and 20% debt. The cost of equity is 12% and the cost of debt is 7%. The tax rate is 30%. What is the company’s weighted average cost of capital (WACC)?
Flotation Costs: Medina Corp. has a debt-equity ratio of .75. The company is considering a new plant that will cost $125 million to build. When the company issues new equity, it incurs a flotation cost of 10%. The flotation cost on new debt is 4%. What is the initial cost of the plant if the company raises all equity externally?
Submit your summary and all calculations.
Unique The United States passing assessment started in 1916 and has been improved ordinarily consistently. In the course of the most recent 100 years, 2010 was the main year in which beneficiaries to a bequest did not need to pay the feared passing expense. Be that as it may, canceling the demise charge uncertainly is regularly an "interesting issue" in governmental issues. Backers of the demise charge contend it is basic to the U.S. economy since it gets an extra wellspring of income, does not influence most Americans, and whenever revoked, would harm the U.S. economy and society. Then again, rivals of the passing duty contend that it twofold expenses salary, puts a monetary weight on entrepreneurs, rebuffs achievement, harms the U.S. economy, and influences the lower class. President Donald Trump is among most of Americans that are against the demise charge. He has alluded to the demise charge as "frightful" and "a calamity" and plans to revoke it right away. Be that as it may, since he still can't seem to give numerous insights about the annulment of the United States demise charge, the future remains a riddle. Catchphrases: demise charge, home duty, legacy charge The United States Death Tax It has for quite some time been said that the main things in life that are sure are demise and assessments. Today, in 2017, this still stays genuine. Notwithstanding, while passing will dependably be unavoidable, the eventual fate of the demise charge is really obscure. Since the demise charge is a standout amongst the most loathed duties by the overall population, usually a noteworthy subject incorporated into duty change dialogs. Furthermore, with the race of Donald Trump, alongside Republican control of both the House and Senate, there has been broad discussion about nullifying the demise charge. The goal of this paper is to depict and give a superior comprehension of the United States demise charge. To begin with, I will present and portray the demise charge. At that point, I will clarify its experience and history. Next, in the third and fourth area, I will give contentions to and against the demise charge, separately. In the fifth area, I will address the demise assessment's present status and future viewpoint. At long last, I will finish with an end that emphasizes the most significant purposes of the paper. What is the Death Tax? The expression "demise charge" alludes to both the domain expense and legacy charge. The term is utilized in the Internal Revenue Code but on the other hand is said to be utilized by commentators to depict the U.S. government domain charge such that passes on a negative undertone. Note, despite the fact that the terms domain expense and legacy charge are frequently utilized conversely, they are really two unmistakable terms with discrete lawful implications. The United States Estate Tax is a duty to your right side to exchange property at your demise (I.R.C. Area 2001). For 2017, a documenting of Form 706 is required for homes with consolidated gross resources and earlier assessable blessings surpassing $5,490,000. Before the expired's advantages can be passed on, the national government assesses the honest estimation of the benefits at a most extreme expense rate of 40%. The expense is paid by the home itself. In this way, the home assessment is an expense on the aggregate sum of the home, after loan bosses are paid however before beneficiaries get their estate. Get help with your paper today, from our expert article essayists! Qualified essayists in the subject of social approach are prepared and hanging tight to assist you with your investigations. Get help with your article View expertly composed examples On the other hand, the legacy charge happens after the beneficiaries have gotten their payouts from the expired. This is an assessment, imposed by certain states, on the sum got and is paid by the beneficiary. Since the legacy charge is collected by a bunch of states, it is workable for a home to be exhausted twice – first by the government home expense and after that again by the state legacy charge. Legacy charge rates shift from state to state, however will in general be set up on a dynamic scale. In this manner, the more profitable the bequest, the higher the assessment rate. Since very few states have a legacy charge, most of this paper will concentrate on the Federal Estate Tax. History of the Death Tax The main government domain charge law was a piece of the Revenue Act of 1916 which was passed amid World War I to lessen the bureaucratic shortfall (Shuster, 2001). It was initially ordered as just an "impermanent" strategy to help subsidize the war. In any case, after 100 years, the government home duty law remains. At the point when initially made, this law burdened bequests at a graduated rate from 1% on homes worth $50,000 to 10% on domains worth over $5 million (Luckey, 2003). Homes under $50,000 were exempted. Throughout the years, with the Great Depression and the flare-up of World War II, Congress was compelled to expand the home assessment rate. In 1941, because of The Revenue Act of 1941, the top bequest charge rate was expanded to 77% (Luckey, 2003). As should be obvious in Figure 1, the domain charge, joined with the blessing charge, has verifiably waited somewhere in the range of one and two percent of Federal income since World War II. In any case, there have been a couple of special cases, for example, the 1930s when home and blessing charges acquired considerably more income than typical. The home duty has been transformed a few times. The most extreme change to the first 1916 law originated from the Tax Reform Act of 1976. Among numerous different things, this demonstration made a brought together rate plan comprising of a solitary graduated rate of assessment for both the domain and blessing charges (Luckey, 2003). Truly, blessing charge rates had been lower than domain charge rates which made it increasingly beneficial to "blessing" your riches away amid your life as opposed to pass it on to your decedents. This law wiped out the distinction. Another real change that influenced the domain charge was the expansion of the Generation Skipping Transfer Tax (GST Tax) in the Tax Reform Act of 1976. The GST charge is an expense on property that is passed down to a related individual more than one age more youthful than the contributor, for example, a grandparent leaving property to a grandkid. The expense is additionally surveyed on property gone down through out and out endowments or moves in a trust to or to assist disconnected people who are more than 37.5 years more youthful than the giver (I.R.C. Segment 2651). Since the GST charge was made to guarantee a legacy is exhausted at each age level, it is possibly forced if the exchange abstains from acquiring a blessing or domain charge at every age level (Johnson and Eller, 1998). Basically, the GST charge guarantees that grandkids end up with a similar measure of property that they would have had their legacy been gone down through their folks as opposed to being passed down legitimately from their grandparents. The following significant assessment change was the Economic Growth and Tax Relief Reconciliation Act of 2001. Amid the 1990s, political and business support for disposal or decrease of the domain charge developed. Thus, amid the 2000 presidential battle, George W. Hedge voiced his help for canceling the home expense and even said he would sign enactment to do as such (Shuster, 2001). Keeping his assertion, he marked the Economic Growth and Tax Relief Reconciliation Act of 2001 on June 7, 2001. This demonstration rolled out noteworthy improvements to the domain charge, blessing duty, and GST charge. When all is said in done, it set a timetable for a steady decrease, and inevitable eliminate, of the passing duty (Luckey, 2003). For instance, the demonstration prompted the decrease in the top home assessment rate from 55% to 45% by 2009. Moreover, it expanded the brought together credit prohibition from $675,000 in 2001 to $3.5 million out of 2009. Truth be told, this demonstration totally revoked the bequest duty and GST charge for the year 2010. Lamentably, for the pundits of the passing expense, the Bush tax breaks incorporated into this demonstration had a lapse date. The assessment rates were set to come back to the pre-Bush expense rates following 10 years if Congress did not cast a ballot to expand them (Luckey, 2003). Get help with your exposition today, from our expert paper journalists! Qualified essayists in the subject of social arrangement are prepared and holding on to assist you with your examinations. Get help with your article View expertly composed examples After ten years, under President Barack Obama, Congress effectively expanded the Bush tax breaks for two additional years. At that point, in 2012, the Taxpayer Relief Act of 2012 was passed. This demonstration brought about a perpetual exception of $5 million, recorded for swelling, and a top home expense rate of 40%. Today, the most extreme bequest charge rate stays at 40% and the 2017 exclusion is $5.49 million. Aces of the Death Tax As referenced, the United States passing duty is a standout amongst the most abhorred assessments by the overall population. Despite the fact that this assessment influences just a little level of U.S. domains, it has turned into a noteworthy subject in the political condition. Ordinarily, Democrats consider it to be a populist measure intended to anticipate the amassing of extraordinary riches, while Republicans gripe it is a punishment on progress (Edwards, 2016). One of the contentions for the passing expense is that it makes an extra wellspring of income to back government tasks. Advocates contend that dispensing with the home duty would make a $269 billion government deficiency throughout 10 years (Edwards, 2016). While $269 billion speaks to an exceptionally little measure of all out national government incomes, that is as yet a lot of cash that would need to originate from elsewhere. Eventually, there is actually no such thing as an "assessment decrease." If the bequest charge is diminished or revoked, we will finish up covering that regulatory obligation elsewhere since despite everything we have to pay for taxpayer supported organizations. Besides, on the off chance that the assessment is diminished or wiped out on the wealthiest Americans, at that point it will probably fall, in another structure, on less well off Americans. Many contend that that is out of line. Another contention of defenders of the demise charge is that a great many people are absolved at any rate, and the individuals who aren't excluded, are commonly affluent so can bear to cover the additional government expense. As per an article in Time Magazine, every year in the United States just 0.4% of decedent's homes are liable to the e>GET ANSWER