2500 words in total.
The research proposal incorporates all three course objectives by (a) demonstrating an understanding of different research methods and their practical applications (b) demonstrating the skills and knowledge needed to initiate and carry out small research projects in art, craft, design, planning, and architecture, and (c) demonstrating an understanding of the relationship between visual culture and research, from the position of the individual emerging practitioner.
You must include the following sections:
1. Title page
2. Abstract (up to 200 words)
3. Introduction (contextual/background information, setting the scene, rationale, aims and objectives)
4. Research questions
5. Literature and/or artefact review (From your previous assignment – for reference only. It is not included in word count and will not be assessed).
6. Methods and Methodology
7. Research timeline
8. Ethical considerations (if applicable)
9. References (not included in word count)
10. Appendices (if applicable, not included in word count)
Rethinking Slums: Development of slums towards sustainability
Slums have become an unavoidable reality in many countries of the world, particularly the developing world. Although there are various slums upgrading models and approaches to address the urban poverty in developing countries, the number of slum dwellers has actually grown and the problem is expected to become worse. Other public policies have to eradicate slums and didn’t take into account the resources and the potentials that slums offer. This refers to the need to change the procedures followed in the development processes. Along with the human-related problems associated with slums, slums cause serious impacts on the environment and natural resources. In this context, sustainable development is the main outlet to achieve a real boom of the developing world that consequently confirms the need to develop slums in an integrated manner.
So, this paper adopts a concept of investing the positive aspects of the slums’ community in conjunction with developing a thorough framework based on the three pillars of sustainability, economy, society, and environment. From this vein, the research is guided by a set of successful practices of many of developing countries through an approach grounded on the three pillars of sustainability. The objectives of this paper are; 1) shedding light on the positive human power of slum dwellers, 2) disseminating best practices on sustainable approaches, from which it can be developed and adapted to fit in the context of the urban slums of developing countries, and 3) providing a comprehensive framework for developing sustainable slums.
Better, more grounded, more fruitful and speedier are the key segments that all creators in this part push for, as it drives bargains. The progress overhauls the arrangements by enabling the improves to convey things with engaging packaging and better correspondence. With progress in correspondence advancement and rising electronic long range informal communication framework it enables the relationship to grant better to the customers by upgraded publicizing endeavors. Overall examples: The money related crisis and respite had massively impacted the business FMCG items over the world. However rising economies like India, China and Brazil are not fundamentally affected and make sense of how to do well to recover quickly. A run of the mill design that was taken after finished the world in the midst of budgetary stoppage was trading down. Since, customers ended up being more careful hunting down more reasonable brands, unprecedented offers and refunds. This extra gigantic weight accessible costs in light of extraordinary contention and down trading. However rising economies like India, China and Brazil saw change in hypermarkets helping the advancement of FMCG grandstands in these countries. Substantial scale characteristic openings: India has Vast Rural Market with bigger piece of masses where the market is up 'til now unfamiliar market. India has poor work to give cost advantage over various countries. Various multinational associations are having inflicted significant damage advantage by outsourcing its thing necessities from its Indian association. Biological THREATS AND OPPORTUNITIES: Industry structure: The FMCG market of India isolated into two divisions the dealt with section and the cluttered portion. The formed part has simply couple of Indian associations and MNCS however the dislocated territory is swarmed by a various close-by players. Indian FMCG promote speaks to about Rs.460 billion where the market has been extraordinarily required by close-by and unbranded things. This has been a test for a few, dealt with players to adequately dispatch a thing and to include the bit of the pie. Course and store organize has moreover been a test as India's structure and transport systems not precisely steady with a considerable number retail outlets in the country. Regardless of the way that system and transportation structure is making starting late it is up 'til now considered as a test by various players. The FMCG part has a broad assortment of things including sweet shops, drinks, chemicals, toothpaste, can cleaning agents, shampoos, creams, powders, sustenance things, cigarettes. Regular characteristics of FMCG things are: The things consider need, comfort and excess. Cost and pay adaptability of intrigue moves across finished things and clients. Particular things are of little regard (little SKU's) but all FMCG things set up together record for a basic bit of the purchaser's budgetary arrangement. The buyer puts little vitality in the purchase decision. He now and again ever looks specific particulars. Brand loyalties or proposition of strong retailer/vendor drive purchase decisions. Limited load of these things (immense quantities of which are perishable) are kept by customer and needs to get them as regularly as could reasonably be expected, as and when required. Brand trading is as often as possible incited by considerable notice, recommendation of the retailer or verbal. Perceiving features of Indian FMCG Business FMCG associations offer their things particularly to customers. Genuine features that perceive this portion from the others join the going with: Plan and Manufacturing Low Capital Intensity as most by far of things in FMCG requires by and large little enthusiasm for plan, equipment and other settled assets. Principal development required for amassing is successfully available. Untouchable amassing is typical and the points of interest consolidate creation and stock organizing flexibility, versatility in controlling work costs and collaborations. Exhibiting and Distribution High Initial Launch Cost with gigantic enthusiasm for thing headway, measurable looking over, test advancing and dispatch. Making care for another brand requires tremendous beginning use. Tremendous Distribution Network as India has a considerable number retail outlets the country over making the collaborations limits troublesome for a few players. Contention Market is swarmed with various clamorous players. Proximity of various messy players and exceptionally gifted MNCs gives savage competition in the market to dispatch various new brands. This gives broad assortment of determination of brands for the customers. PORTER'S FIVE COMPETITIVE FORCES: Buyer POWER: The purchaser base of this industry is greater than some other industry and they have alongside zero impact on the cost of the thing. The buyer constantly has amazing choice of brands inside the thing class and they can move beginning with one then onto the following absent much effect. Along these lines, buyer control isn't precisely strong in this industry. Nevertheless, they have control when they offer hazard to move beginning with one brand then onto the following brand. In FMCG retailers should similarly considered for examination. Retailers can basically pick which brand to stock and customers don't demonstrate much excitement to delay if one brand of choice isn't available. So retailers can essentially settle on choice among brands and they have more buyer control than purchasers. Supplier POWER: Supplier control is practically nothing or limited in the FMCG business. The business constantly has great number of suppliers with exceptional size. There won't be any uniqueness in the thing or organization of suppliers and the maker can basically move from one supplier to other supplier. However creator faces some measure of supplier control due to the cost they have to cause while trading suppliers. Suppliers who do broad business with makers are continually obliged to their customers. Danger OF NEW ENTRANTS: Danger of new competitors is compelled in this industry. The new members generally consider close-by or little markets adding to the significant disordered fragment. Rough materials for by far most of the areas in FMCG industry can be viably gotten. The hypothesis won't be high for device and diverse assets required for most by far of the things in the business. Moreover the major development is adequately available. These segments can make the adjacent or little makes to enter adequately in the business. In any case, this industry requires high early on dispatch cost and assignment sort out is constantly a test. These factors go about as a block for any new members in the business and in every way that really matters give generally safe of new candidates. Peril OF SUBSTITUTES: The FMCG business bears a high peril of substitutes. The business has various made players with unbelievable number of adjacent produces. The things in the business can essentially be imitated and exhibited. The business has unusual state danger of substitutes in nation promote than in the urban. Level OF RIVALRY: The level of rivalry is high in the business. There are various overall players close by neighborhood creators. The business acknowledges low customer constancy. The customers reliably have wide determination of brands and the trading cost is continually minimum or immaterial. There will be simply slight qualification in the idea of brands. So the resistance is wild in the business to attract customers and hold them. Fundamental social affairs in the business: Among the FMCG associations in India Hindustan Unilever Limited is most given sustenance association to generally every segment in the business. Its opponents are simply considered certain areas however HUL faces firm competition from all adversaries in each part. The huge associations of fundamental social events in FMCG industry are Hindustan Unilever Limited, ITC Limited, Nestle India, Emami Limited, Colgate-Palmolive (India) Limited, Dabur India Limited, Procter and Gamble, Godrej Consumer Products Limited and Cadbury India. Overall Competition: India is a creating business division and has transformed into a hotspot for some multinational FMCG associations like HUL, Proctor and Gamble and Nestle. However family unit associations like Marico, Dabur and Emami are giving extraordinary competition to them. These associations progress into typical thing arrangement by offering characteristic things and made sense of how to have the market. For instance, Marico's pioneer picture Parachute Coconut Oil has no outside contention. The closeness of general competition is constrained to zones of where they can act and classes like ordinary things did not premium the overall players. >GET ANSWER