A) After reading Chapter 13, and watching the video, answer the following questions using one (1) of the presentation methods below:
2-3 pages essay summary (Response to all of the initial discussion board questions below)
Power Point presentation or Prezi (10–15 slides).(Response to all of the initial discussion board questions below).
Infographic: (Response to all of the initial discussion board questions below)
Educational/training packet or guide: (Response to all of the initial discussion board questions below)
Brochure: (Response to all of the initial discussion board questions below)
Address the following questions
Identify at least one sampling issue that would be particularly relevant at each level of the public health pyramid. Which strategy could be used to minimize these problems? Spreading the Message: use any of the presentation methods above on the description of your program as conceptualized at this point. This should include information derived from assignments 1 and 2 that was completed and submitted in this course. The following should be included in your presentation Title, Target Objective Stated, Description of Target Community, Description of Program/Intervention Sample size, Proposed Program Description, Health risks associated with not doing desired behavior, incidence rates /prevalence rates/trends in these rates (national level) for associated health risks, conditions and diseases. Mortality and morbidity rates of associated health risks, conditions and diseases, Proven Methods to minimize risk.
here is of course the famous case Marckx in 1974 where the European Court of Human Rights ruled that the Belgian system infringed the right to private and family life by reducing inheritance rights for illegitimate children. I did not elaborate this case further in this paper as it is only indirectly relevant for the study of cases on freedom of testation. Unauthorized conditions. I found references to some old cases going back to the years 1902 to 1912 with judgements based on article 900 BW where conditions considered as being contrary to the law as they affect public order or conditions contrary to imperative law must be considered as not be written. There are also some references to judgments where the testator imposed as condition to the beneficiary the obligation to choose a certain profession, career or function or to not choose a certain career. This condition is contrary to article 23, 1 of the Belgian Constitution which states that every Belgian has the right to work and has a free choice of professional labour. This constitutional article is of public order and the condition must be considered as unwritten. There is also a case where the Court of appeal of Brussels had to rule on a legacy in which the testator expressly stipulated that the bequest would be invalid if the beneficiary should marry without the consent of his parents. The Court considered this clause as unauthorized and decided that condition should be considered as unwritten while the bequest remain existing. No motivation was given in this judgement. I could not get the text of these judgements so I have not been able to analyse them and to see if freedom of testation was restricted in these cases based on human rights. 3.1. Conclusion. Belgian succession law is very protective for the heirs and is considered to be generous towards the beneficiaries and thus limiting the freedom of testation. I could not find cases where the courts have limited or restricted freedom of testation based on infringements of human rights. 4. Freedom of testation in other legal systems. 4.1 Freedom of testation in England. English law provides that a testator is free to choose to whom they leave their estate after death and the freedom of testation of the owner to dispose of his property is in principle completely. But this testamentary freedom in England is also subject to the restrictions imposed by several statutes as the Inheritance Provision for Family and Dependants Act (1938) and later the Inheritance Provision for Family and Dependants Act of 1975. This legislation allow a certain number of possible claimants to apply to court for financial provision from a deceased person\’s estate. So in reality, freedom of testation in England is not as complete as on first sight even as English law has no reserved portion (succession reserve). The evolution of case law on freedom of testation with regard to the 1975 Act can be highlighted by following cases without of course offering here a full overview of all case law. In the case of Boughton v Knight (1873), the judge Sir J Hannen stated that testamentary freedom means that a testator ‘may disinherit, either wholly or partially, his children, and leave his property to strangers to gratify his spite, or to charities to gratify his pride, and we must give effect to his Will, however much we may condemn the course he has pursued’. This is of course a very extreme position. In the case Gill Woodall & ors (Rev 1) (2011) , the judge expanded upon this point and noted that ‘the law in this country permits people to leave their assets as they see fit, and experience of human nature generally, and of wills in particular, demonstrates that people’s wishes can be unexpected, inexplicable, unfair and even improper’. In paragraph 26, the judge clearly states that: ‘a court should be very slow to find that a will does not represent the genuine wishes of the testatrix simply because its terms are surprising, inconsistent with what she said during her lifetime, unfair, or even vindictive or perverse’. In the case of Barrass v Harding (2011), the President of the Family Division of the High Court, Baroness Elizabeth Butler-Sloss mentioned: “We still live in a world where, to some extent at least, a man or woman is entitled to dispose of his or her assets by Will as he or she chooses”. In a recent case of 2014, Ilott v Mitson & Others , the Court decided to award the estranged daughter of the testatrix a substantial amount of money to purchase a house, despite the very clear provision in the will that she did not want her daughte>