Scavenger Hunt Reports: As said in Chapter 1 of Knapp, Hall, and Horgan (2014), “the need to formally investigate what people do in everyday life becomes quickly apparent when you think about the specifics of nonverbal behavior” (p. 7). The purpose of the scavenger hunt assignment is to investigate a collection of nonverbal behaviors, responses, or observations (rather than one observation as required in the weekly essays) and report on how they support or reject a nonverbal communication proposition. By working on the Scavenger Hunt, you should become more aware of the major role nonverbal communication plays in our everyday lives. Ideas about nonverbal communication can be found everywhere, from daily experience to popular culture. The objective of the “Hunt” is for you to collect a number of these ideas (a minimum of 3) from a variety of both primary and secondary sources (see examples below). You are to draw a proposition (claim) from the class lectures or readings from the assigned section of chapters, then find data (evidence) to support your claim. Any of the following sources of date (evidence) may be used for your paper, but please do not use any one type more than two times per paper: 1. Account of personal experience, 2. Description of scene from a television program or movie, 3. Photograph, 4. Copy of information from a relevant web site, 5. Excerpt of a scene from a novel, 6. Published cartoon, or 7. Newspaper account of a true incident. Your report should include: 1. Your name (First and Last typed on the top of the paper). 2. Name of the assignment (typed under your name on the top of the paper). 3. The idea or proposition: Clearly state the proposition and then provide a rich explanation. 4. State the type of data you collected—you must have at least 3 pieces of data for each scavenger hunt report. 5. Provide a detailed description of each piece of data (and an image, where applicable). 6. Describe in vivid language how each of your data points support your proposition. 7. Describe implication for future nonverbal encounters. How do these observations impact your everyday life? Do these observations impact how you will interact, nonverbally, in the future? These essays must follow APA style using (i.e., Knapp, Hall, & Horgan, 2014) when citing ideas from the text. Please also include page numbers after the borrowed idea or quotation (Knapp, Hall, & Horgan, 2014, p. 234) and end the essay with a reference to the text (see syllabus on required textbook for the proper APA reference style). Additional reference guide assistance can be found using the Purdue Owl website: Please use the Scavenger Hunt Checklist to guide your assignment:

Scavenger Hunt Writing Checklist
Please check off each item as you complete your search for these errors in your essay each week. If you
find any of these errors, please make necessary corrections before submitting your work by the assigned
due date. !
Overall writing checklist:
_____ Do not use second person pronouns (you, your, yourself) unless you are directly quoting someone.
You may use any other type of pronoun (me, my, myself, he, him, they, I, etc.). !
_____ Do not begin a sentence with a coordinating conjunction (and, but, or, so). You may begin
sentences with words like however or therefore. However, remember to follow with a comma. Ex:
However, ……. !
_____ Do not use contractions (don’t, shouldn’t, I’m, etc.). Contractions should be written as two separate
words (do not, should not, I am, etc.). !
_____ Do not use abbreviations for words (TV, rehab, info, etc.). Spell the word out completely
(television, rehabilitation, information, etc.). !
_____ Do you use numerals for numbers or do you write the number out as one word? Follow the
following format: !
_____ Check your sentences for words that need to be capitalized. !
_____ Check your sentences to make sure they are not fragments or run-ons. !
_____ Check each sentence to make sure the subject and verb agree. !
Assignment components:
_____ Check to make sure you are boldfacing the key terms from the assigned chapters. !
_____ Check to make sure that you applied the course content to your everyday life experiences. !
_____ Did you draw a proposition (claim) from the class lectures or readings from the assigned section of
chapters? Is it noted in the first paragraph of your essay? Please boldface the proposition
(claim). !
_____ Did you collect at least three (a minimum of 3) ideas (your data) from a variety of both primary
and secondary sources? Did you note your data in your essay? !
______ Did you provide detailed descriptions of each piece of data? !
______ Properly cite and reference your data sources in APA format. !
______ Does your data support the overall proposition (claim) of your paper? !
______ Did you describe, in vivid language, how each of your data points support your proposition? !
______ Did you describe implication for future nonverbal encounters? How do these observations impact
your everyday life? Do these observations impact how you will interact, nonverbally, in the
______ Is your paper at least 2-3 pages single spaced? Please be sure to fall between the 2-3-page limit
range. Work hard to condense your thoughts in a clear, concise matter. !
APA Format:
_____ Check each sentence to make sure that if you stated a claim, it is backed up with an APA style
intext citation. See the following resource for intext citations in APA format: https:// !
_____ Check to make sure that you cited the textbook, in APA format, within your essay. !
_____ Check to make sure that each reference cited in your essay is included in the APA style Reference
section of your essay. See the following resource for intext citations in APA format: https://

I thought the subject on courtship behavior was interesting to me
in the chapter. Courtship behavior is a type of nonverbal behavior
signals associated with intimacy . These behaviors may include
nonverbal messages that women say to men to show they “want
you,” they are available or that they are knowledgeable(Knapp,
Hall, & Horgan,2014,pg.360). Most of the time we are able to
notice those messages and recognize what there behavior shows.! !
Courtship behaviors can be very beneficial if its done correctly.For
this to happen people need to be accurate when detecting these
behaviors. I know one of my close friends met his girlfriend at a
bar when she made eye contact with him and he felt the need to
talk to her. This was great for them because they ended up being
happily together for 6 years. In my friends case he was correct
and her glance was flirtatious rather then a casual one( So,What
Are You Really Saying? Hysell, 2009)! !
On the other hand there are times when courtship behavior is
misinterpreted. In the book it explained that on speed dating
videos viewers found it was easier to detect mens romantic
interest on women then it was to detect women’s romantic
interests in mens( Knapp, Hall, & Horgan,2014,pg. 360). I cant
think of why this would be but maybe because women’s
nonverbal signals are usually more happier and more enthusiastic
than men. Therefore men feel that there energetic and excitement
means they like them but in reality they are just being nice. I am
definitely biased because I have a lot of guy friends who always
talk about a girl liking them but rarely turns out to be true. !

Sample Solution

Sample solution

Dante Alighieri played a critical role in the literature world through his poem Divine Comedy that was written in the 14th century. The poem contains Inferno, Purgatorio, and Paradiso. The Inferno is a description of the nine circles of torment that are found on the earth. It depicts the realms of the people that have gone against the spiritual values and who, instead, have chosen bestial appetite, violence, or fraud and malice. The nine circles of hell are limbo, lust, gluttony, greed and wrath. Others are heresy, violence, fraud, and treachery. The purpose of this paper is to examine the Dante’s Inferno in the perspective of its portrayal of God’s image and the justification of hell. 

In this epic poem, God is portrayed as a super being guilty of multiple weaknesses including being egotistic, unjust, and hypocritical. Dante, in this poem, depicts God as being more human than divine by challenging God’s omnipotence. Additionally, the manner in which Dante describes Hell is in full contradiction to the morals of God as written in the Bible. When god arranges Hell to flatter Himself, He commits egotism, a sin that is common among human beings (Cheney, 2016). The weakness is depicted in Limbo and on the Gate of Hell where, for instance, God sends those who do not worship Him to Hell. This implies that failure to worship Him is a sin.

God is also depicted as lacking justice in His actions thus removing the godly image. The injustice is portrayed by the manner in which the sodomites and opportunists are treated. The opportunists are subjected to banner chasing in their lives after death followed by being stung by insects and maggots. They are known to having done neither good nor bad during their lifetimes and, therefore, justice could have demanded that they be granted a neutral punishment having lived a neutral life. The sodomites are also punished unfairly by God when Brunetto Lattini is condemned to hell despite being a good leader (Babor, T. F., McGovern, T., & Robaina, K. (2017). While he commited sodomy, God chooses to ignore all the other good deeds that Brunetto did.

Finally, God is also portrayed as being hypocritical in His actions, a sin that further diminishes His godliness and makes Him more human. A case in point is when God condemns the sin of egotism and goes ahead to commit it repeatedly. Proverbs 29:23 states that “arrogance will bring your downfall, but if you are humble, you will be respected.” When Slattery condemns Dante’s human state as being weak, doubtful, and limited, he is proving God’s hypocrisy because He is also human (Verdicchio, 2015). The actions of God in Hell as portrayed by Dante are inconsistent with the Biblical literature. Both Dante and God are prone to making mistakes, something common among human beings thus making God more human.

To wrap it up, Dante portrays God is more human since He commits the same sins that humans commit: egotism, hypocrisy, and injustice. Hell is justified as being a destination for victims of the mistakes committed by God. The Hell is presented as being a totally different place as compared to what is written about it in the Bible. As a result, reading through the text gives an image of God who is prone to the very mistakes common to humans thus ripping Him off His lofty status of divine and, instead, making Him a mere human. Whether or not Dante did it intentionally is subject to debate but one thing is clear in the poem: the misconstrued notion of God is revealed to future generations.



Babor, T. F., McGovern, T., & Robaina, K. (2017). Dante’s inferno: Seven deadly sins in scientific publishing and how to avoid them. Addiction Science: A Guide for the Perplexed, 267.

Cheney, L. D. G. (2016). Illustrations for Dante’s Inferno: A Comparative Study of Sandro Botticelli, Giovanni Stradano, and Federico Zuccaro. Cultural and Religious Studies4(8), 487.

Verdicchio, M. (2015). Irony and Desire in Dante’s” Inferno” 27. Italica, 285-297.