You have just been designated as the new training coordinator for the crime scene investigations unit of your police department. Your supervisor has also advised you that she would like you to provide her with a list of subjects that you feel are important for your training initiatives as well as a brief review of these training areas in the form of a report prior to beginning your training initiatives. Through your past experiences on the job and working crime scenes with other crime scene investigators in your department, you have come to appreciate the fact that many of these crime scene investigators with whom you work have specialty areas and interests in which they could provide you with a great deal of valuable materials that you could utilize in your new position as training coordinator. You have approached each of these fellow crime scene investigators and asked if he or she would provide you with pertinent information in his or her specialty area that he or she feel would be valuable for his or her fellow crime scene investigators to know. You have determined that the following areas should be reviewed: recovery of DNA from a crime scene, recovery of fingerprints from a crime scene, impressions found at a crime scene (e.g., footprint, tire, and tool impressions), recovering trace evidence on a crime scene, and recovering computers from a crime scene. You will ask your fellow crime scene investigators to review each of these areas:
•the recovery process
•proper storage of this type of evidence
You will provide your list of subjects and your brief review of these training areas along with a brief overview of your findings in a one- to two-page cover sheet for the work for your supervisor’s review and approval.
Changing Work Patterns Despite the fact that there had been across the board obstruction towards ladies working outside the home Oakley (1981) keeps up this started to change after the main World War, and somewhere in the range of 1914 and 1950 the quantity of ladies working outside the home demonstrated an unfaltering increment. Regardless of this their essential part was still found as far as being a housewife. Since the 1960s ladies have been attempting to accomplish cooperation in paid business which is equivalent to that of men. This has been the situation for ladies from varying backgrounds (Abbott and Wallace, 1997). These battles brought about the presentation of the Equal Pay Act in 1970 which implied that ladies were qualified for indistinguishable pay from men on the off chance that they were doing likewise work. In 1975 it wound up unlawful under the Sex Discrimination Act to oppress ladies in instruction, in business, and in the arrangement of merchandise. The European Court requested a reinforcing of the Equal Pay Act in Britain in 1982. This was trailed by a further correction in 1984 which permitted that ladies were qualified for indistinguishable pay from men in their associations giving they could demonstrate that their work included similar sorts of basic leadership and aptitudes as their male partners. Ladies ought to have break even with get to and an equivalent shot for advancement. A few occupations were viewed as outside the bounds of the 1975 Sex Discrimination Act e.g. no one but ladies could work in a ladies' asylum (Haralambos et al 2000). Women's activist Criticisms of the Family Since the 80s the principle sociological spotlight on families has been worried about the encounters of ladies and kids, moreover, the featuring of these encounters has created a development in mindfulness that the family is an ideological shape that does not generally work to everybody's greatest advantage. Women's activists have featured the way that for a considerable length of time ladies have been the subordinate sex in the public eye and that this subordination is to a great extent an aftereffect of their science i.e. the way that they have been conceived ladies as opposed to men. Women's activists keep up that there is a disjuncture between ladies' encounters of being in a family as spouses and moms and philosophies of home life. For quite a while numerous ladies have felt to a great degree disappointed with the part attributed to them once they are hitched and it was this disappointment that Betty Friedan (1965) was trying to express when she alluded to the experience of American housewives in the 1960s as misery from 'the issue that has no name'. For a few ladies the perfect of family life is viewed as alluring, however their encounters inside their own families, misses the mark concerning that perfect (Stanley and Wise, 1983). The sexual orientation parts that ladies have been relegated are built based on this natural distinction instead of such parts being intrinsic (Abbott and Wallace, 1997). Sex parts are socially built and strengthened through the family and the instruction framework. This is done through the diverse ways that specialist figures have of identifying with young men and young ladies, and the way that there is an inclination to give young ladies dolls and tea sets, and to give young men toy autos and development sets (Firestone, 1971). In any case, Connell (1987) has contended that this view has a tendency to disregard the limit of people to acknowledge or dismiss the social desires that are implanted in sex parts. In this manner Connell keeps up that young men and young ladies may pick components from every others parts e.g. the propensity of a few young ladies to end up engaged with aggressive games, and young men dressing in drag when alone. Connell (1987) has said this may result in guys and females building themselves a dream life that is in inconsistency to their open activities, along these lines sex parts can be tradable. Women's activists have likewise brought up that sex socialization is clear in a shrouded educational modules in the training framework where books that speak to guys and females in 'customary' parts strengthen the view that people have diverse ways throughout everyday life. Until the point when the late 1980s young ladies were more outlandish than young men to accomplish the essential number of A levels to enter college. Lately the spotlight has had a tendency to be on the developing underachievement of young men since young ladies are coordinating or surpassing young men over the educational modules and in this manner there are more ladies entering advanced education. This does not, be that as it may, give them much preferred standpoint in the activity advertise where they are impeded in correlation with guys who have a similar capability levels (Epstein, et al, 1998). Notwithstanding these things Moore (2002), keeps up that things are changing, men are going up against more household obligation than they were 20 years prior and frequently have a substantially more noteworthy contribution with their kids than before. This has increased authority acknowledgment through the presentation of parental leave. Previously, in spite of the fact that moms were qualified for maternity leave, fathers did not have paternity take off. Parental leaves enables the two guardians to honest to goodness time off, be that as it may, except if men have thoughtful managers, this leave is unpaid thus frequently not taken. Changes inside families has likewise implied (as specified prior) that the structure of the family itself is evolving. As it has just been noticed, ladies' subordination expanded with the ascent of industrialisation and the partition amongst open and private circles (Oakley 1981). The proceeding with disintegration of this qualification over the last 50% of the twentieth Century has been a noteworthy factor in the changing idea of the family. There are various powers at work in the decay of what has been known as the customary family. Women's activists have featured these progressions while in the meantime uncovering the unequal power connections that exist inside society and inside the family (Harding, 1987, Walby, 1986). They relate this disparity to the man centric nature of society. Rich (1976) has contended that male centric society is a social and ideological framework where men decide the parts that ladies ought to or ought not play in the public arena. Oakley (1981 and Pahl (1983) have refered to the division of parts, both inside the family, and in the more extensive society, as a noteworthy site of mistreatment for ladies. Generally the man has been viewed as the provider once kids arrive and this puts the lady off guard as research has demonstrated that there is a connection between cash, power and disparity (Vogler, C and Pahl, J.1999). Since the family has been viewed as the essential site of socialization (Parsons, 1951), it is likewise a helpful place for social molding where compliance to specialist establishes the framework for the accommodating workforce that free enterprise requires. Delphy (1977) has contended that sex contrasts are socially built and they tend to serve the interests of the overwhelming gatherings in the public eye. Delphy additionally battles that ladies ought to be dealt with as a different class in light of the fact that the classifications of man and lady are not organic, but rather political and monetary classifications. In this way ladies frame a class who are misused by men, and this is especially clear in the family unit. In this way, Delphy composes: While the wage-worker offers his work control, the marrie lady gives hers away; eliteness and non-installment are personally associated. To supply unpaid work inside the system of an all inclusive and individual relationship (marriage) builds fundamentally a relationship of subjugation (Delpy, 1977:15). Marxist women's activists contend that while Marxism may give a clarification of misuse by the industrialist framework it doesn't clarify the disparities amongst ladies and men, as Delphy (1977) keeps up sex and sexual imbalance ought to be the essential classifications of women's activist examination. Marxism alone does not clarify for instance why ladies ought to be viewed as in charge of family unit undertakings and private enterprise could simply still benefit if men remained at home The Community Care Act of 1990 has forced further obligations on ladies in the part of casual carers, this spots significant weight on ladies' wellbeing, especially as these days numerous ladies who have a family additionally work outside the home. Dalley (1988) contends that much Government's approach making, especially the possibility of network mind depends on outdated ideas of the perfect family, where most wedded ladies don't go out to work, and b) it is the lady's obligation to accept the minding part. Under such conditions it is broadly accepted that the minding that ladies do in the house is a characteristic piece of ladies' part inside the family despite the fact that numerous a bigger number of ladies work than used to be the situation. Changing Family Structures Since the Second World War there has been an emotional ascent in ladies' cooperation in the workforce, in spite of the fact that a considerable measure of this has been low maintenance business. The 1991 Census demonstrates that the workforce was 47% ladies despite the fact that there were territorial and ethnic varieties and single ladies will probably be utilized than are hitched ladies. This is to a great extent since ladies' cooperation in the work showcase is influenced by their local obligations (Abbott and Tyler, 1995). Numerous ladies invest energy out of the work showcase when they have youthful youngsters and after that may work low maintenance while kids are at school just coming back to full business when their kids are more established. Hardly any ladies have persistent professions because of their residential obligations. Despite the fact that kid mind courses of action do affect ladies' working examples, absence of appropriate kid mind isn't the main reason ladies don't take an interest all the more completely in the working environment. For instance, while the quantity of ladies in work has kept on rising just 33% of single parents with youthful youngsters are monetarily dynamic (HMSO, 1999). This is because of the way that, regardless of Government activities, for example, Sure Start Centers, most solitary moms don't have either adequate additional help to come back to the work environment, or can just take low paid work which may abandon them more regrettable off than they were on benefits. Notwithstanding this the welfare syste>GET ANSWER