Simple random sampling

  1. What sampling method or plan was used by the authors in this study?
    Simple random sampling
    Convenience sampling
    Cluster sampling
    Network sampling
  2. According to Grove & Gray (2019), what are the potential biases of convenience sampling?
    This is a strong probability sampling method with very little potential for bias.
    This method is used when an ordered list of all members of the population are available, and provides a
    random but not equal chance for inclusion in the study.
    This method provides little opportunity to control for bias because subjects are included in the study
    merely because they happen to be in the right place at the right time.
    This method is specific to the individuals who were recruited and the information gained cannot be
    generalized to others who don’t share these types of experiences.
  3. What was the final sample size reported by the authors for this study?
    187
    160
    87
    57
    44
  4. Was a power analysis conducted? If so, which statement best describes the results of the power
    analysis?
    A power analysis showed that the ideal sample size was 160
    A power analysis showed that the ideal sample size was 80
    A post hoc power analysis showed that the power achieved in the study was 0.99
    No power analysis was reported by the authors
  5. Which of these statements would be considered to be specific inclusion criterion for the sample in
    the research article?
    Cervical dilation was between 4-8 centimeters
    Had a caesarean section
    Able to read and write English
    Between 20 and 40 years of age
  6. Which of these statements would be considered to be exclusion criterion specifically identified by
    the author for the sample in the research article?
    Cervical dilation was between 4-8 centimeters
    Had a caesarean section
    Able to read and write English
    Between 20 and 40 years of age
  7. What is the acceptance rate for this study? (Hint: see page 232 in your text)
    160/187
    87/187
    57/187

Cannot be calculated

  1. Which of the following would be accurate for the attrition rate for this study?
    160/187
    87/187
    57/187
    28/187
  2. What was the setting for this research study? Briefly describe the setting and indicate whether it was
    appropriate for conducting this study.
    The setting for this study was a partially controlled setting and was appropriate for this study’s research
    design.
    The setting for this study was a natural or field setting and was appropriate for this study’s research
    design.
    The setting for this study was a highly controlled setting and was appropriate for this study’s research
    design.
    The setting for this study was not well described by the authors and therefore not appropriate for
    conducting this study.
  3. Which ones of these questionnaires, scales, or physiologic measures are used in this research study?
    (Select all that apply.)
    Apgar score
    Childbirth Self Efficacy Scale
    Visual Analogue Pain score
    Oxygen saturation value
    Complications of Childbirth Survey score
  4. What was the operational definition for the variable Satisfaction with the Baby?
    Apgar score
    A subscore of the Mackey Childbirth Satisfaction Rating Scale
    Visual Analogue score
    Cannot be determined
  5. What steps did the authors take to assure treatment fidelity?
    Participants were randomly assigned to treatment or control groups
    Participants and their spouses/partners were trained in labor dance during prenatal teaching
    All research personnel were trained in labor dance using training videos
    No steps were taken to assure treatment fidelity
  6. What types of questionnaires or surveys were used in this research study?
    (Select all that apply.)
    The authors developed the Mackey Childbirth Rating Scale
    The authors developed their own questions to ask about demographic information.
    Interviews were reportedly used, but the authors do not explain what was included in them.
    The authors used previously developed questionnaires or surveys.
    This study did not use any questionnaires or surveys.
  7. Were any physiological measurements collected from the subjects for the purpose of this study?

Yes
No

  1. Which of the following best describes the data collection process used in this study?
    (Select all that apply.)
    Participants were contacted by phone by nurse researcher.
    Participants were given the questionnaires on enrollment in the study
    Questionnaires / surveys were mailed to the prospective returned in a self-addressed stamped envelope.
    Data was collected by the researcher during labor
    Participants were recruited from the pool of pregnant patients admitted to the hospital during a specific
    period
  2. Based on the study’s data collection methods, If there were more than one data collector, would an
    estimation of inter-rater reliability be an important concept for the authors to report on for this study?
    yes, and the authors reported their efforts to achieve inter-rater reliability.
    yes, but the authors do not discuss any efforts to achieve inter-rater reliability.
    no, the issue of inter-rater reliability does not apply here.
  3. What descriptive statistics are used in this study?
    (Select all that apply.)
    mean
    median
    frequencies
    standard deviation
    z-scores
    percentage distributions
  4. What inferential statistics were used to examine the data obtained from the subjects?
    (Select all that apply.)
    Pearson correlations
    Factor Analysis
    t-Test
    Kruskal-Wallis
    Chi-Square
    ANCOVA
    ANOVA
    Multiple linear regression equations
    None of the above inferential statistics were used in this study.
  5. What is the level of significance (alpha) set at for this study?
    .01 or 1%
    .05 or 5%
    .10 or 10%
    an alpha level or level of significance chosen by the authors was not specifically mentioned in the text
    of the article and cannot be inferred.
  6. There are several statistically significant findings in this study. Which of these statements from the
    article would be considered a significant and predicted results?
    (Select all that apply.)
    Newborns’ first minute oxygen saturation levels were 89 in the experimental groups and 88 in the
    control group
    The median first minute Apgar score was found to be 9 in DPSG, DPMG, and CG.
    The median fifth minute Apgar score was found to be 10 in DPSG, 9 in DPMG, and 8 in CG.
    All groups were found to be similar in number of pregnancies, week of pregnancy, cervical dilatation at
    the time of hospitalization, and the duration of the active phase
  7. Which of these statements from the article would be considered a non-significant result?
    The median total labor dance durations were 48 and 56 minutes in DPSG and DPMG, respectively.
    Newborns’ first minute oxygen saturation levels were 89 in the experimental groups (DPSG, DPMG)
    and 88 in the control group.
    The median fifth minute Apgar score was found to be 10 in DPSG, 9 in DPMG, and 8 in CG.
    The fifth minute oxygen saturation levels were 99 in the experimental groups and 94 in the control
    group.
  8. Which one of these statements from the article would be considered clinically important?
    The fifth minute oxygen saturation levels were 99 in the experimental groups and 94 in the control
    group.
    The median total labor dance durations were 48 and 56 minutes in DPSG and DPMG, respectively.
    All groups were found to be similar in number of pregnancies, week of pregnancy, and cervical
    dilatation at the time of hospitalization.
    Abdolahian et al. (2014) reported a VAS score of 6.89 in the experimental groups and 8.29 in the
    control group.
  9. Which of the following statements are strengths of the study? (Select all that apply.)
    The sample was randomly selected.
    The groups were randomly assigned.
    The study was highly powered.
    Oxygen saturation results in this study agreed with those obtained in previous studies.
  10. Which one of these statements would be considered a statement regarding generalization of these
    results?
    This study was conducted in a mother-friendly hospital that allows spouses to be in the delivery room.
    The satisfaction status of women who received care under the leadership of midwives was found to be
    high compared to the women in other groups.
    Findings obtained in this study also reveal that labor dance renders positive effects not only on
    newborn babies but also on women giving birth.
    These study results are compatible with the literature.
  11. Which one of these statements from the article would be considered a recommendation for future studies? These study results are compatible with the literature. It is suggested to conduct dance practices in a wider sampling with other attendants a pregnant women would ask for. This study was conducted in a mother-friendly hospital that allows spouses to be in the delivery room. The results of this study demonstrated that labor dance positively affected labor pain, birth satisfaction, and neonatal results
  12. Which choices below best reflect the problem statement for the instructor-assigned article?
    Not only does labor pain have negative effects on pregnant women and fetuses, women’s psychological
    and emotional states have a great effect on levels of perceived pain.
    There is a limited number of studies regarding labor dance.
    This study was conducted to determine the effects of labor dance on perceived labor pain, birth
    satisfaction, and neonatal outcomes.
    A labor dance that a pregnant woman performs with her partner reduces perceived pain
    and increases the woman’s satisfaction with birth.
  13. Which of the choices below best reflects the purpose statement for the instructor assigned article?
    Not only does labor pain have negative effects on pregnant women and fetuses, women’s psychological
    and emotional states have a great effect on levels of perceived pain.
    There is a limited number of studies regarding labor dance.
    This study was conducted to determine the effects of labor dance on perceived labor pain, birth
    satisfaction, and neonatal outcomes.
    A labor dance that a pregnant woman performs with her partner reduces perceived pain
    and increases the woman’s satisfaction with birth.
  14. According to Grove & Gray (2019), which of the following statements is important when
    considering the significance and relevance of a study’s problem and purpose?
    Does it predict the non-significant findings anticipated in the study?
    Does it specifically influence nursing education in university settings?
    Does it identify the future research to be generated by the study?
    Does it promote theory testing or development?
    Does it identify extraneous variables?
  15. When considering the feasibility of a study’s problem and purpose, Grove & Gray (2019) suggest
    that several areas should be evaluated, including: researcher expertise, money commitment, ethical
    considerations, and availability of subjects, facilities, and equipment. Which of the following
    statements accurately assesses the feasibility of this article?
    (Select all that apply.)
    Funding sources for the study were clearly identified in the article.
    The author’s credentials to design and conduct research are described.
    Evidence of protection of the subjects’ rights was mentioned in this article.
    100% of the eligible subjects contacted participated in the study.
  16. According to Grove & Gray (2019), which one of the following is NOT a major purpose of the
    review of literature (ROL):
    Describing the current knowledge of the practice problem
    Identifying gaps in the knowledge base of the practice problem
    Explaining how the current study contributes to the knowledge being built
    To explain the reasons behind the selection of the statistics used in the study.
  17. Select two MAJOR topics covered in the review of literature (ROL) from the list below:
    This experimental and prospective study aims to evaluate the effects of labor dance.
    Labor pain has major effects on both mother and fetus.

Sample Solution

ACED ESSAYS