What is science? What, if anything, makes science different from other ways of exploring and understanding the world?
Is science political? That is, do politics and science interact with each other? Should they? Why? Why not?
What does the term ‘social construction’ seem to imply? What might it mean to say that something is socially constructed? Can we think of examples?
What might it mean to say that science, technology, and/or medicine are socially constructed??? Isn’t a fact just, well, a fact?!
Who goes into STEM in the first place? Within STEM, who is more likely to specialize in certain fields/disciplines? What might we expect to see in terms of pay in STEM?
What variables or factors might account for patterns of gender and other disparities in STEM?
Are there steps that might be taken to reduce or eliminate gender and other disparities in STEM?
mily crises, Mounting debts, and the desire to live a lifestyle far beyond ones means. Fraud is costing society several hundred billion a year. Organizations loose close to 6 percent of annual revenue to fraud and abuse of social systems. Fraud costs Canadian organizations $100 billion annually. On the average, organizations loose $9 dollars a day per employee to fraud. On an average of fraudulent cases males received $185,000 and females received $48,000. A study done by the insurance industry indicates the groups most likely to commit fraud. The most typical person who may commit fraud is a college/university educated white male. Men were responsible for almost four times the fraud as were females. Losses caused by people with post-graduate degrees were five times greater than those caused by high school graduates. Fifty eight percent of fraud is committed by employees, which averages $60,000 per case. Twelve percent of fraud is cause by owners, which on the average costs the insurance companies $1 million per case. Fraud increases the cost of Canadians everyday living. It affects bank rates, insurance rates, credit card rates, and product costs. All companies that suffer losses factor in the loss to the premium and price the consumer pays. Fraud is a white collar crime because no one physically gets hurt. The victims of Fraud are usually: Small companies which have large clientele, such as Real estate, financial industry, and education industries. Fifty percent of fraud involves corporations with cash accounts. About ten percent of fraud arises from conflicts of interest, about five percent of fraud cases come from fraudulent statements. Presently the funds obtained by frauds are not recovered. Money obtained from crime is carefully hidden or spent avoiding recovery by the victims and authorities. It is extremely difficult to locate hidden money’s in today’s electronic age. Computers have increased the speed of transactions and thus often not leaving sufficient documentation to track a potential fraud.>