Social Policy and Economic Policy

Answer these two argumentative questions. “275 words each question”. It does not have to be on essay format, no intro or conclusion, I only need the answers. 1) Social Policy In his January 1964 State of the Union address, President Lyndon Johnson proclaimed, “This administration today, here and now, declares unconditional war on poverty in America.” In the 50 years since that time, U.S. taxpayers have spent over $22 trillion on anti-poverty programs. Adjusted for inflation, this spending (which does not include Social Security or Medicare) is three times the cost of all U.S. military wars since the American Revolution. Yet progress against poverty, as measured by the U.S. Census Bureau, has been minimal, and in terms of President Johnson’s main goal of reducing the “causes” (why people are poor) rather than the mere “consequences” of poverty (the fact that people are poor), the War on Poverty has failed completely. In fact, a significant portion of the population is now less capable of self-sufficiency than it was when the War on Poverty began. In your opinion, has the federal government failed to eradicate poverty? Is the federal government dedicating enough money to these problems? If not, how much more should the government spend? If you feel that the current efforts to solve poverty are lacking (the government has in fact spent too much), what do you suggest is a better path forward? 2) Economic Policy Debates over the proper role of the federal government in the managing of the economy are often heated. Democrats, for example, frequently argue that the national minimum wage rate is too low. Republicans, in contrast, often argue that it is too high. While evidence shows that people who earn more money are better off, evidence also shows that when the minimum wage is increased (some cities have instituted an increase in the minimum wage) the prices consumers pay for goods and services increases as well. In addition, we see more workers are laid off. In your opinion, should the federal government raise the minimum wage despite these negatives? Who is likely to be more adversely impacted by a minimum wage increase (workers or business owners)? Why? Finally, who or what do you feel is responsible for the rise in income inequality? Why is it, in other words, that the rich seems to get richer and poor remains poor? Is the system rigged? Are poor people making incorrect career choices early in their life? How, if we are to solve the problem of income inequality, can we improve the wages and outlook of those at the bottom?




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