I. Attention Getter: (Riddle) As an average person you spend 6 years of your life doing this. You do this 4 to 7 times in a span of 2 to 3 hours. What am I talking about? Dreaming of course!
II. Purpose and Statement of Significance: Dreams are interesting to learn about and hopefully I can educate you about dreams. Dreams consume a sufficient amount of time in our lives, and in a class this size, imagine how much time that is!
III. Establish Credibility: I became interested in dreams when I was enrolled in Psychology 101 in the fall of 2013. Within this section of psychology, I became interested in educating myself about dreams, which included talking to psychology instructors, psychiatrists, and researching the topic.
IV. Preview of Main Points: There are seven different types of dreams, but today, I hope to educate you, my fellow classmates, about three of the main types which include: Daydreams, Nightmares, and Lucid Dreams.
Transition: “Excuse me, did you hear a word I just said?” Have any of you ever had this phrase spoken to you…I sure have, when I’m Daydreaming.
I. The Daydream is the first type of dream I will talk about. (Ref. 1)
A. It is defined as the level of consciousness between sleep and wakefulness where the mind begins to wander. The level of awareness to the world around us decreases and the mind begins to imagine, taking you to a different world.
Transition: Daydreaming can cause some problems, but the health benefits far outweigh the negative effects. Daydreams can also influence night dreams.
II. The Nightmare is the second type of dream I will talk about. (Ref. 2)
A. It is defined as a dream that causes a person to wake up frightened or even in a panic.
Transition: Nightmares can be eerie and an uncomfortable, even a frightening experience. Sometimes you need a superhero to help you in a nightmare or dream situation. Sometimes that superhero is you.
III. Lucid Dreams are the third type of dreams I will talk about. (Ref. 3)
A. A lucid dream occurs when a person realizes during the dream that they are only dreaming.
Transition: I’m sure you are wondering right now what I should do next, help me lucid dreams… I should probably end the speech! So let’s review….
I. Review: All three of these types of dreams: daydreams, nightmares, and lucid dreams are very interesting to explore.
II. Restatement of Significance and purpose: Dreaming is something that a person, such as yourself, spends so many years on…that’s the equivalent amount of time as your college years. Today, I discussed with you a few different types of dreams.
III. Closing Device: Tonight, as you lay down to sleep, become the superhero you admire…it might just help you make a decision!
References: (5 sources for Speech 3)
Bulkeley, K., & Hartmann, E. (2011). Big dreams: An analysis using central image intensity, content analysis, and word searches. Dreaming, 21(3), 157-167. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/a0024087
Dream Moods, Inc. (2012). Types of dreams. Retrieved from http://www.dreammoods.com/dreaminformation/dreamtypes/
Levitan, L. (1992). A thousand and one nights of exploring lucid dreaming. Nightlight, (4)2. Retrieved from http://www.lucidity.com/NL42.1001Nights.html
Visual Aid: (Only used for Speech 3)
Powerpoint: Slide 1: Nova dreamer art with a few benefits listed