A group of 268 overweight people signed up for a weight loss program. Participants were asked to choose whether they wanted to go on a vegetarian diet or follow a traditional low-calorie diet that included some meat. 153 people chose the vegetarian diet, and the rest chose to be in the control group and continue to eat meat. There was a greater weight loss in the vegetarian group.
a. What is the sample size of each group? What percentage of people was in the vegetarian group? What percentage was in the meat group? (Round to the nearest percent.)
b. What are the variables in this study? Remember that variables are used to record characteristics of individual people or things. The description above does not necessarily name all the variables – you have to make an educated guess about what characteristics were measured and recorded in order to conduct this study. For each variable, indicate whether it is a categorical variable or a numerical variable, and explain why.
c. What confounding variables might account for the increased weight loss in the vegetarian group? Explain.
d. Is this an observational or a controlled study?
e. Describe a better way to design the study that is more likely to remove the effect of confounding variables. Make sure to use the ideas covered in section 1.4 of your text.
Improvement of Chile's Economic Model Distributed: sixteenth October, 2017 Last Edited: sixteenth October, 2017 Disclaimer: This article has been put together by an understudy. This isn't a case of the work composed by our expert paper essayists. You can see tests of our expert work here. Any assessments, discoveries, conclusions or suggestions communicated in this material are those of the writers and don't really mirror the perspectives of UK Essays. William Rodriguez Reference index B: 'Formal' (post-frontier) monetary and social improvement arrangements, plans, projects and tasks, from the beginning of the 'advancement time' up to the present time in Chile. Presentation To get an entire point of view and system of the monetary and social improvement of Chile after the freedom to the present time it is fundamental to see the advancement of the political powers and strategies that have formed the nation all through history. After freedom, the establishments and the economy demonstrated no significant changes for the reason that the progressives were the "Landowners", along these lines the political power and economy stayed oligarchic and brought together. Anyway through time, Chile has had sensational changes in the social, monetary and political structure (Luders, 1993), besides having comparable conditions with different nations in Latin America, for example, social imbalance, financial disparity, swelling and authoritarian governments. This list of sources B will dissect the distinctive periods ever of, experiencing the progressions that the nation has encountered since the autonomy in 1818 to the institutional break in 1973 to the change and solidification of majority rule government in 1990. Book index PETRAS, J. 1969. Part 1: Economic advancement and Social Change; Chapter 4: The Middle Class; Chapter 6: Christian Democracy; Chapter 9: The Future of Chilean Politics. Governmental issues and social powers in Chilean Development. Berkeley, University of California Press. Petras presents a fascinating account of every political gathering and powers that formed the advancement of Chile before the institutional crack in 1973. In this book, the writer contends that the monetary and political control was controlled by the standard elites and white collar class industrialists, be that as it may, evident indications of agrarian and ordinary gatherings requesting more interest were progressively unmistakable. As indicated by Petras, Chilean culture was a vote based society. Notwithstanding, not very many individuals were engaged with the political procedure since they were controlled by the world class with the financial power, the political gatherings driving the nation concurring the creator were: the Popular Action Front (FRAP) and the Christian Democratic, typically sharing interests and giving no support to the most minimal in the social strata. Amid the nineteenth century and the twentieth century every president selected his successor by controlling the decision classes and races, political and social changes were coordinated by the political class, and society essentially was separated into the proprietors of properties and farmworkers. Anyway as indicated by the creator, industrialization has assumed a part in the improvement of areas, for example, the white collar class divisions, reinforcing this regular workers and giving them a more participatory part in Chilean legislative issues and society. The creator guarantees that, the common laborers must lead the best approach to change, coordinating and turning into a noteworthy power for political and monetary improvement in the nation. Nonetheless, modernization and industrialization made a major distinction in the social structure, advancing uneven advancement between classes amid that period. GIL, F., LAGOS ESCOBAR, R. and LANDSBERGER, H. 1979. Section 1: The Difficult Road to Socialism: the Chilean Case from a Historical Perspective; Chapter 2: The advancement Of the Chilean Political System 1952-1970; part 3: The Unidad Popular: A Historical Vision of the Transition to communism. Chile at the Turning Point, exercises of the communist years 1970-1973. Philadelphia, organization for the Study of Human Issues. As indicated by the creators, until the point that 1973 Chile had a political steadiness and the economy before 1952 was portrayed by the development of the mechanical area. This clear soundness change with the race of Allende in 1970 and what he called "the second round to communism". Allende's communist procedures and the moves made by his administration by the nationalization of organizations, industry and saving money framework, offered route to a political turmoil empowering an arrangement of encounter; Government come up short on alternatives losing control of the nation therefore encouraging a military upset in 1973. The finish of the popular government accompanied the dictator military lead in Chile in 1973, therefore, new approaches for reversal, market and global exchange, were made. New types of changing the economy occurred, and additionally changes in remote strategy, wellbeing administrations, training, industry and political framework. VALDEZ, J. 1995. Part 1: Authoritarians without a Project; Chapter 9: looking for Politics; Chapter 10: The subtle Hegemony. Pinochet's Economists: The Chicago School of Economics in Chile. Cambridge University Press. The social and political restraint of the Pinochet time frame figured out how to make conceivable the usage of monetary changes in 1973, a guarantee to free markets and the association of financial specialists with comparable standards empowered the monetary development of the nation. The book exhibits a depiction of how the legislature changed the economy of Chile amid the Pinochet time frame, clarifying how the gathering called "the Chicago young men" took control of the economy, starting monetary neo-liberal organized commerce and radical advancement systems to enhance the economy. As indicated by the creator huge numbers of these procedures stayed dynamic even after the arrival to vote based system. Valdez (1995), claims that the measures taken by this gathering of business analysts spoke to a record development in the economy moreover demonstrating that an exceptionally political condition and thoughts give a strong establishment to the usage of open strategies. BORZUTZKY, S. and OPPENHEIM, L. 2006. Section 1: The Arduous Road to Democracy; Chapter 2: The combination of the Market. After Pinochet: The Chilean Road to Democracy and the Market. College Press of Florida. This book is an aggregate work of 8 teachers, concentrating on the period after the Pinochet government and the way to the vote based system of Chile, the writers investigate the impact of establishments, showcase, human services, outside approach, benefits, and open arrangements in the Chilean economy and society. Focusing on the time of 1990-2006 this book is a view on every one of the components engaged with Chilean culture amid the twentieth century, including human rights, outer legislative issues, receptiveness to advertise, monetary strategies, premature birth, separate, political organizations, church and the procedure of union of majority rule government through justly chose governments after the Pinochet administration. In opposition to what different creators contend, Borzutzky (2006) claims that the wellbeing strategies received by Pinochet made a prejudicial framework by lessening the financial plan in general society area, therefore decreasing the nature of the wellbeing administrations. Thea creator likewise contends that the open market theory and privatization of the business constituted a difficulty for those laborers who lawfully got and worked the land amid that period. Dialog "In the most recent decades, Chile has endured extreme changes in its financial, political, and social structure" (Santos, 2005), in this way, to have a nitty gritty comprehension and a far reaching system of the improvement of the nation it is important to dissect the diverse periods in its history. Petras (1969) and Gil (1979) show a dream of the economy and society before the institutional break in 1973, Valdez (1995) represents a dream of the economy and society amid the dictator military manage, and Borzutzky and Oppenheim (2006) center around the period after the military run the show. This assorted variety of creators exhibits a total perspective of the considerable number of components that have molded the economy and society in Chile. Petras (1969) and Gil (1979), concur that the financial and political intensity of Chile before 1973 was in the hands of "elites" and mechanical vendors leaving no support to the common laborers in legislative issues, notwithstanding, this incorporated power kept up the political dependability in the country for a long time. As indicated by the creators, undertakings and projects amid this period were centered around profiting the elites, yet when of the 1970's, advancement had expanded the hole in the social structure delivering a checked disparity in social and monetary divisions. Majority rule recuperation, political solidness, and monetary development appear to be the keys for the ongoing improvement of the country (Santos, 2005). Be that as it may, According to Valdez (1995), Borzutzky (and) Oppenheim (2006), the political suppression of the Pinochet time frame and the execution of social and financial changes, made the reason for the advancement and monetary development of the nation. The changes influenced â€‹â€‹in to request to acquire measure up to open doors for natives as far as wellbeing, training, macroeconomic approach, receptiveness to market, and mass privatization of endeavors were key accomplishments for the reactivation of the economy. A substantial scale privatization happened in Chile by 1974, around 550 organizations were privatized (Luders, 1993). Subsequently the private division wound up in charge of development and furthermore was accountable for financing a large portion of the interest in the nation. Moreover, a more noteworthy accentuation was put on enhancing sends out, maintain a strategic distance from imposing business model, reinforce the business, and opening the economy to showcase. Valdez (1995) proposes that the quick development in that period, was expected measures taken by "the Chicago young men" a gathering of youthful financial specialists who actualized neo-lib>GET ANSWER