You are a recent college graduate with a degree in emergency management and homeland security. You move
to another state for your first professional position in this field, which is with a county emergency management
office, serving a population of 50,000 citizens. When you arrive on your first day, you ask to see the existing
emergency operations plan (EOP). Other personnel tell you that your county employs a County Emergency
Management Plan or CEMP, the design of which is determined by the state legislature. This is unexpected
because you studied the National Response Framework (NRF) and National Incident Management System
(NIMS) and other DHS-provided guidance and you assumed that these would be the basis for plans and
strategies wherever you went.
You also discover that although the county’s CEMP is dated within the last year, it probably has not been truly
revised in many years. There is little indication that any national-level guidance or resources were considered
in its development, and it does not appear to have much, if any, stakeholder buy-in. Additionally, there are no
county-level strategies to draw upon, though you know from your educational program that this is not
uncommon. Lastly, while your colleagues are clearly bright and motivated folks with diverse professional and
educational backgrounds, none of them has a degree in EM or HS.
Kindergarten and play have been comparable since the start of Kindergarten. Play in Kindergarten has been going on well over a century back. We realize quick forward to the present century and philosophical fights are occurring today. The inquiry is, is there to a lot of play in kindergarten or insufficient play. The present educators are feeling the weights from their standards and state sheets that they have to concentrate on scholastic objectives. What's more, on the grounds that the scholarly objectives are so a lot and it requires some investment to show the understudies, that they can't give the youngsters a chance to have as a lot of recess as previously. There are a few advantages to play based Kindergarten, these advantages incorporate the upgrade of psychological learning, social and enthusiastic guideline with the assistance of social connections and a feeling of self-esteem. Some significant advantages of play are assisting with fine and gross engine aptitudes, wellbeing and the personal satisfaction for the little youngsters. "Therefore, play ought to be seen as a significant study hall action that empowers kids to build up a wide assortment of social and scholastic abilities." (Copple and Bredekamp, 2009) The time of 2001, the No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB) was made to make state funded schools increasingly responsible for the American instruction framework. The demonstration was planned for improving taking in open doors for all youngsters from the evaluation of Kindergarten to the 12 evaluations. The weights of this demonstration has little youngsters sitting at their work areas and dealing with worksheets as opposed to playing. Small kids are compelled to step through exam and have the option to finish the state commanded assessment to have the option to progress into the primary evaluation. The accentuation of recess vanishing, and more class work began to show up in the 1980 and proceeds with today. This is called pushdown educational program. Pushdown practices are customarily not experienced by kids until first grade or later in the understudies' scholarly years. This includes extensive stretches of entire class guidance, worked guidance out of exercise manual work and instructors giving out letter graduates to the understudies. A few educators have focused on that youngsters are being rushed into working in manners that don't coordinate their common methods of learning. Since this strain to fulfill the scholastic guidelines, won't leave. It is imperative to consolidate play and adapting together. The kindergarten study hall should be a perky stay with the attention on learning. Instructors will take part in guided learning with rich and experiential exercises. Educators have detailed that they are investing more energy preforming instructor coordinated guidance. At that point giving the youngsters a chance to have regular play time. With the most accentuations on proficiency and math aptitudes, testing and test readiness than giving youngsters a chance to have spare time to play. A few instructors have discovered that understudies that have originated from a play based Preschool are behind scholastically than an understudy that has originated from a scholastically preschool. Since the spotlights is on scholastics it is critical to concentrate on scholastics. Instructors have focused on that once January hits, that they have to begin preparing the understudies for the main evaluation. This should be possible by reducing and in the end removing rest time for the understudies. Since the understudy won't get snooze time in the main evaluation, the instructor is setting them up for no rests and giving the understudies a chance to understand book or go on the PC. Additionally, decreasing play time and working more on doing paper and pencil exercises. A few of the present educational program and guidelines are planned to instruct and this generally rules out free play. Instructor's vibe baffled on the grounds that each minute is devoted to instructing and kids learning scholastics. The hours of committing time to making fun artworks and having longer focus times and open air play time is no more. The Students have specials and they can run and bounce in PE and do creates in their specialty class. I feel it is significant that youngsters can play, if play time can't fit in to the timetable of the day, the instructor can consolidate play in to learning exercises. Coming up next are a few instances of joining play in to learning exercises. Language-language and proficiency can be bolstered through play when youngsters are drawing and carrying on what they have recently put on paper. For instance, when youngsters are perusing a book to their accomplices they can discuss what they simply read and after that they can expound on the book. At the point when the understudies are composing they can draw pictures and mark the photos. The understudies can complete drawing and perusing simultaneously. Math-having riddles and toys will invigorate basic reasoning and will help the understudy's with critical thinking abilities. Mathematic thinking includes the improvement of consistent scientific information. For example, you can utilize tidy up time as a route for understudies to forget about and sort manipulative and have the put the manipulatives in to the right canister. This shows the kid balanced correspondences, it likewise urges the kids to return the things in the canister in sets of two. In the event that the understudies have a lot of obstructs that have a place with one canister and another arrangement of little manipulative bears that have a place in another canister. This kind of movement will enable them to expand on their arranging aptitudes. Research by Bremer (1995) says that "play adds to psychological development, helps social and enthusiastic improvement, and is basic to physical advancement." She characterizes intellectual capacities as "incorporate distinguishing, ordering, sequencing, watching, segregating, making forecasts, making inferences, looking at and deciding circumstances and logical results connections." For example, having kids in a play domain will help animate science learning. For a model, the kids can utilize a thermometer and convey it from inside the study hall to outside of the homeroom, going to and fro. The youngsters will have the option to see the temperature gage drop and afterward raise. Youngsters get amped up for having the option to head outside and see the climate. They can think about the climate from when they landed at school and what the climate is at the present time. Having insightful apparatuses, for example, magnets and amplifying glasses makes the youngsters need to research what they can see and what things will adhere to a magnet. Social Studies in the study hall is significant, it is the connection among people and biology. It incorporates financial aspects, history, geology and multiculturalism. The study hall ought to have spruce up garments, that the youngsters can take a stab at and assume various jobs. Having prop boxes with network based topics gives extra learning about their general surroundings. Music can be utilized to remember and commend occasions. "Specialists have proposed that play empowers improvements in the prefrontal cortexes of warm blooded creatures, including people." (Pettis, Pettis, and Himmler 2014) Block play is one of the most significant pieces of a kindergarten study hall. The square focus not just connects with helpful play it likewise takes part by and by play and representative play. Square play likewise helps the kids with geometry and material science. By the youngsters having this foundation information this will enable them to have a superior comprehension of math when they arrive at the primary evaluation. Research was led by Wolfgang, Stannard, and Jones (2001). "Who found that kids who occupied with elevated level square play likewise accomplished higher evaluations on math tests in secondary school." Having a home focus in the study hall will bolster sensational play, which happens when the youngster employments imagery to imagine. Sensational play enables the understudy to control the play. The understudy has the opportunity to attempt to analyze. In this kind of play the kid chooses the bearing of play. I comprehend that the No Child Left Behind Act plays a job in the measure of time the class gets the opportunity to play. Be that as it may, I feel that youngsters at this age need to play. Physical play is fundamental to a youngster's development and outlook. It is imperative to support any sort of play with in the homeroom setting.>GET ANSWER