Watch the program found at: https://www.heritage.org/gender/event/the-medical-harms-hormonal-and-surgical-interventions-gender-dysphoric-children
Prepare a 4-5 page (of text )summary and response (be sure to include: a synopsis of the video, its relevance to this course, how pressure from groups can influence the importance of research, and your opinion).
ou are only able to read this paper right now because I communicated it to you through language and you (hopefully) understood. Command of words is a skill thus far known to be unique to humans, and one could argue that the capability of speech is part of what allowed us to thrive as a species. Across the animal kingdom, many organisms have developed systems of vocal communication that, though they may not necessarily constitute a language, nevertheless play an important role in their survival. Birds use song as a means of attracting mates; dolphins have a very sophisticated set of squeaks, chirps, and whistles whose extent and function are currently beyond the domain of human knowledge (Foer 2015). By examining the abilities of various bird species and dolphins to produce and perceive sounds, we can gain insight into the evolution of speech sounds across the tree of life, including where humans fit into this larger picture. In order to communicate vocally, an organism must be able to both produce and perceive sounds. The size and shape of a bird and its beak can have an effect on their sound production, and a comparison of birds’ and human vocal organs can reveal how speech might have evolved in people. Perception of human noises, as well as the way birds and dolphins perceive the noises made within their species may also help gain understanding of which traits exist only in people, and which evolved in some form long ago. One of the most well known forms of vocal communication is birdsong, and the avians that perform this action are generally considered to include three taxa of songbirds: trochiliformes, psittaciformes, and passeriformes, commonly known as hummingbirds, parrots, and songbirds respectively (Miyamoto 2006). In order to communicate, birds must be able to both produce and perceive sounds. The primary organ that birds use for speech is the syrinx. It is situated in the thoracic cavity between the two bronchial tubes, which lead to the birds lungs; by contrast, humans and most other mammals have a larynx. When a bird vocalizes, membranes on the two bronchi vibrate to produce sound waves as air passes by them. The bird can control these membranes individually in order to create two sounds simultaneously (Attenborough 1998). Additionally, the size and beak shape of birds have also been shown to play a role in the sounds they produce. A bird with a larger body will produce sounds with longer wavelengths; a bird whose beak gapes widely will produce a sound of higher frequency. In closed habitats like the forest or the woods, where sound can be lost to the surroundings, it is advantageous to produce sounds of lower frequency than those produced by birds from open habitats such as the savannah or grasslands (García 2018). Thus, the habitat of a songbird may indirectly affect its body shape.>GET ANSWER