The mayor and city council members of Seatville have hired you as a consultant to determine the transportation modes within their city. The mayor wants to know where to spend budget dollars to improve infrastructure and transportation modes. Being a diligent consultant, you interviewed 1,255 people during a 16-week period. You determined the following methods of transportation were used: 850 residents drove a personal car, 200 used public transportation (bus), 5 rode a bicycle, 50 walked, and 150 rode a motorcycle. Prepare a report that outlines the requirements of your consulting task. In your report, you should include the following: Provide an introduction that outlines the problem and gives on overview of the situation as well as a conclusion that sums up your report. Develop and explain the probability and relative frequency of the data you found for each mode of transportation. Compute the relative frequencies to two decimal places. If you need practice computing relative frequency, watch the Unit II Relative Frequency Example video https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KoXi8WynJpc. Use this data to make a final recommendation of where the mayor and city council should spend their infrastructure/transportation.
of the most effective skills explored in nursing and is defined as ‘a transfer of information between a source and receiver,’ (Sheldon, 2009, cited by Dougherty and Lister, 2011, p.191). This simplistic level of communication is largely described through linear models such as Berlo’s expansion of Shannon and Weaver’s theory 1949, (Miller, 2012), known as the SMCR model 1960, (Miller, 2012), representing sender/message/channel/ and receiver. Whilst this model is a foundation for defining communication, focusing on sending and receiving messages, its effectiveness is compromised as the models fail to consider external influences such as noise, (Arnold, 2011). However, such models have expanded and the use of verbal and nonverbal practice to form therapeutic relationships is referred to through John Heron’s Six Categories of Intervention (2001). Heron states that the ability to effectively communicate comes from understanding intentions of interaction and the skilful way it is expressed, either through authoritative or facilitative styles. This essay focuses on Heron’s theory of communication by analysing how its ideologies are applied to practical settings through the study of two videos entitled ‘Persuasion’ and ‘Eliciting’. The practice of prescriptive and informative language in the ‘Persuasion’ video is used to give advice and provide information in aid of helping the patient to lower their sugar intake. This style of authoritative communication by Heron (2001) is largely emphasised through nonverbal techniques, such as kinesis. The use of open hand gestures from 0.20 to 1.10 promotes confidence in the speaker and enhances the meaning of the conversation, (Bach and Grant, 2009). This is beneficial for the patient by using health promotion to motivate a change in the patient’s lifestyle. McNeill (2005, cited by Kraszewski and McEwen, 2010), suggests that gesturing is an active part of conversation required when speaking, therefore, supporting the idea that gestures facilitate conversations and emphasise the importance of the advice given to the patient. In comparison however, the ‘Eliciting’ video shows a decreased use of hand gestures only expressed when the speaker is verbally communicating (0.39-0.41, 1.18-1.22). This is purposefully done to show empathetic listening towards the patient and is a way of displaying commitment to helping the patient, (Underman Boggs, 2011). A>GET ANSWER