It’s a manuscript (including abstract, literature review and references) detailing the teacher action research project, which is of particular importance to my graduation.

Based on the research plan and literature review, write a thesis.

(Of course, the writer can make adjustments) The target students are sixth grade and the language is Mandarin. Perhaps it’s hard to find specific references related to Mandarin. But the general pedagogical methods for teaching elementary students foreign language are same.

Purpose of the study
The purpose of this study is to establish the pedagogical methods that are used by teachers in teaching the foreign languages. This research will point out the best strategies used in teaching foreign languages while applying the pedagogical method in teaching. This study will also examine the student performance and outcome after the use of these methods and determine its effectiveness. The data that will be collected in this study will be generated using audio tapes of class activities and class discussions, field notes and observations, and interviews schedules for the class. In this strategy, the teacher will use one of the several methods depending on preference. These pedagogical techniques will include presentations, exhibits, demonstrations, tutorials, games, debates, field trips, role play, facilitation, case studies, and discussions.

The advantage of using this method in teaching foreign languages in school include the fact that it increases the ability of students to become bilingual, will reduce absenteeism among students, students will increase their love for the foreign language, will increase accessibility to foreign language, instill discipline among student during class activities, gives the teacher a wide range of tools to use when teaching and build strong and helps build a strong reading foundation among students.
Significance of the study
On the significance of the project, it will help come up with the best strategies used in teaching foreign languages while applying the pedagogical methods. Additionally, teachers will have a number of options to choose from while teaching foreign languages. To the students, the project will identify areas of improvement in class. Concerning the long-term goals as a teacher, this project will help me develop effective pedagogical methods as a teacher teaching the foreign languages. Finally, the project will help in coming with the best teaching methods like handling group discussions.
Research objectives
1. To establish the Pedagogical methods used in teaching foreign languages
2. To examine the importance of the pedagogical methods in teaching foreign languages.

Research questions
1. What are the Pedagogical methods used in teaching foreign languages?
2. What is the importance of Pedagogical methods used in teaching foreign languages when improving the learning of foreign languages?

Method of data collection and analysis
In this study, data will be collected in the form of a survey where questionnaires with an open-ended question will be the main tool for data collection. The questionnaires will be filled by both the students and the teachers with different questions to be answered. It is important to note that the survey shall be designed using a mixture of open-ended and closed ended questions to minimize the likelihood of biases at the personal level. Additionally, observations, audio tapes, and focus group discussions will be used to collect data.
Quantitative data will be analyzed using SPSS which involved comparing percentages and frequency distribution when interpreting the data that has been obtained from the research. A combination of grounded theory and thematic content analysis techniques will be used to organize, analyze and present the qualitative data.
Ethical Considerations
In this regard, the purpose of this study will be explained to all potential participants, and informed consent will be sought. Information given will be handled with confidence, and no victimization will be experienced. For the minor participants, permission will be requested from their guardians and the teachers as well.
Research Question Data Collection Duration Method of Analysis

What is the importance of Pedagogical methods used in teaching foreign languages when improving the learning of foreign languages?
Audio-taping of whole classroom
Discussions and questionnaires.
Over two months, I will record 4 forty- five-minute discussions. Questionnaires will be answered in seven days.
Use of SPSS to analyze quantitative data
Again, grounded theories and thematic content analysis for qualitative data.
Why are the tools of teaching in Pedagogical methods more effective in teaching foreign languages?
Weekly field note, Observations of students as they tutor sixth grade students

A-20-Minute Interviews with at least four students

Over two months of tutoring January and February

Near the end of March after other data collected

Use of SPSS to analyze quantitative data
Again, grounded theories and thematic content analysis for qualitative data.

Sample Solution

Sample solution

Dante Alighieri played a critical role in the literature world through his poem Divine Comedy that was written in the 14th century. The poem contains Inferno, Purgatorio, and Paradiso. The Inferno is a description of the nine circles of torment that are found on the earth. It depicts the realms of the people that have gone against the spiritual values and who, instead, have chosen bestial appetite, violence, or fraud and malice. The nine circles of hell are limbo, lust, gluttony, greed and wrath. Others are heresy, violence, fraud, and treachery. The purpose of this paper is to examine the Dante’s Inferno in the perspective of its portrayal of God’s image and the justification of hell. 

In this epic poem, God is portrayed as a super being guilty of multiple weaknesses including being egotistic, unjust, and hypocritical. Dante, in this poem, depicts God as being more human than divine by challenging God’s omnipotence. Additionally, the manner in which Dante describes Hell is in full contradiction to the morals of God as written in the Bible. When god arranges Hell to flatter Himself, He commits egotism, a sin that is common among human beings (Cheney, 2016). The weakness is depicted in Limbo and on the Gate of Hell where, for instance, God sends those who do not worship Him to Hell. This implies that failure to worship Him is a sin.

God is also depicted as lacking justice in His actions thus removing the godly image. The injustice is portrayed by the manner in which the sodomites and opportunists are treated. The opportunists are subjected to banner chasing in their lives after death followed by being stung by insects and maggots. They are known to having done neither good nor bad during their lifetimes and, therefore, justice could have demanded that they be granted a neutral punishment having lived a neutral life. The sodomites are also punished unfairly by God when Brunetto Lattini is condemned to hell despite being a good leader (Babor, T. F., McGovern, T., & Robaina, K. (2017). While he commited sodomy, God chooses to ignore all the other good deeds that Brunetto did.

Finally, God is also portrayed as being hypocritical in His actions, a sin that further diminishes His godliness and makes Him more human. A case in point is when God condemns the sin of egotism and goes ahead to commit it repeatedly. Proverbs 29:23 states that “arrogance will bring your downfall, but if you are humble, you will be respected.” When Slattery condemns Dante’s human state as being weak, doubtful, and limited, he is proving God’s hypocrisy because He is also human (Verdicchio, 2015). The actions of God in Hell as portrayed by Dante are inconsistent with the Biblical literature. Both Dante and God are prone to making mistakes, something common among human beings thus making God more human.

To wrap it up, Dante portrays God is more human since He commits the same sins that humans commit: egotism, hypocrisy, and injustice. Hell is justified as being a destination for victims of the mistakes committed by God. The Hell is presented as being a totally different place as compared to what is written about it in the Bible. As a result, reading through the text gives an image of God who is prone to the very mistakes common to humans thus ripping Him off His lofty status of divine and, instead, making Him a mere human. Whether or not Dante did it intentionally is subject to debate but one thing is clear in the poem: the misconstrued notion of God is revealed to future generations.



Babor, T. F., McGovern, T., & Robaina, K. (2017). Dante’s inferno: Seven deadly sins in scientific publishing and how to avoid them. Addiction Science: A Guide for the Perplexed, 267.

Cheney, L. D. G. (2016). Illustrations for Dante’s Inferno: A Comparative Study of Sandro Botticelli, Giovanni Stradano, and Federico Zuccaro. Cultural and Religious Studies4(8), 487.

Verdicchio, M. (2015). Irony and Desire in Dante’s” Inferno” 27. Italica, 285-297.