The Charter Oak, Hartford” by Frederic Church, early 1846, oil on canvas, 22 1/8 x 30 1/8, Olana State
Historic Site, OL.1981.16
Landscapes have been common subject matter for painters for centuries. Some simply depict the
landscape “as is” with varying focuses on lighting, seasons, etc., while other painters use the landscape to
“tell a story”. This painting is by an artist, Frederic Church who was part of the group called the Hudson
River Painters during the latter part of the 19th century.
Take a look at the landscape painting shown above. What is the story you think the artist is trying to tell?
Describe what aspects of the painting give you this idea. What techniques is the artist using to tell the
“story”? (color palette, composition, brushwork, subject matter) Try to be as specific as possible in your
comments. Respond to comments of other students.
our hypotheses. The greater the extent to which the key values are perceived to exist in the organization, the greater will be the employees’ intrinsic motivation (Chowdhury and Mohammed, 2000). The greater the extent to which key job attitudes are perceived to exist in the organizations, the greater will be the employees’ intrinsic motivation (Chowdhury and Mohammed, 2000). The greater the extent to which positive achievement motivation behavior of the leader is perceived to exist in the organization, the greater the job satisfaction and extrinsic motivation (Chowdhury and Mohammed, 2000).The greater the extent to which arbitrary and punitive behavior is perceived to exist in the organization, the greater the job dissatisfaction and de-motivation of the employees (Chowdhury and Mohammed, 2000). The study concludes that the values and attitudes of employees influence the intrinsic motivation of employees while leadership behavior affects the extrinsic motivation of employees. Cyril H. Ponnu and Tennakoon Girindra. 2009. The Association between Ethical Leadership and Employee Outcomes – the Malaysian Case. This research was carried out in order to determine the association between ethical leadership behavior and employee outcomes. It has considered two basic outcomes, that of organizational commitment and trust in leaders. These factors eventually affect the work performance of the employees. The independent variable is the ethical leadership behavior whereas employee organizational commitment and employees’ trust in leaders are the dependent variables. A sample of 172 managerial employees was taken. The different measures used were the Ethical Leadership Scale, Organizational Commitment Questionnaire and the Trust Scale. A correlation analysis was done and the data was also analyzed using SPSS version 14.0. the study has two hypotheses. There is a significant relationship between ethical leadership behavior and employee’s organizational commitment (Ponnu and Girindra, 2009). Ethical leadership behavior is positively associated with employees’ trust in leaders (Ponnu and Girindra, 2009). The first hypothesis was held true. There was a significant and a medium positive relationship between the two variables. The second hypothesis was also held true as the two variables showed a strong positiv>GET ANSWER