Describe the development of opera from its earliest roots. Be as descriptive as possible, identifying and describing different elements of opera through all applicable time periods. Your response must be at least 9 sentences.
Describe the patronage system and notable composers affected by this system throughout each musical time period. You must identify at least one composer in each time period and describe how he was affected by the patronage system. Your response should include at least five time periods and four composers.
Do you believe the current music industry is similar or different to the patronage system that existed until the Romantic period? Why or why not? Your response should be at least 5 sentences.
Identify one musical way and one non-musical way you’ve been affected by the oral tradition in your life. How has it helped you learn something in your life?
Select one style of music from pre-midterm chapters (ch. 3-8) and one style of music from Western art music history (ch. 9-13). Compare and contrast these two styles in both sound and purpose. Your response should be at least 6 sentences.
Select one recording of any genre, of any style, of any time period, that you have not yet written any assignments or responses on. Write 300 words detailing musical elements in the piece. If your chosen piece has lyrics, you may not discuss them. Use precise and specific musical vocabulary.
as an entire suffered an equal percentage of flu instances, then… 25 million+ had [the] flu in 1918-1919.” (Epidemic and Peace, 1918) This makes the morbidity charge of this pressure of influenza 24%, nearly 1 / 4 of the populace. EPIDEMIOLOGICAL records OF EUROPE The history of Europe is marked by many extra epidemics than america, because of its longer past. This records is immortalized in writings, in addition to works of artwork, and is accordingly a lot extra widely known than the illnesses beyond in the usa. The different diseases in that history may additionally decide if there has been ever a disorder that would have prepared the eu populace for a disorder just like the first-rate Influenza. The Black dying, or the bubonic plague, came about in the course of the dark a long time in Europe. It changed into no longer the primary example of this ailment, however, it changed into the primary epidemic of this scale to bypass via Europe. The disorder turned into exceeded from the bites of inflamed rats and fleas, which had been familiar because of the dearth of a cleanliness standard in medieval Europe. The Yersinia pestis bacteria that causes the plague changed into hardly ever communicable from person to character, and the excessive infection price of this time changed into in reality due to the lack of hygiene commonplace right now. The folks who became sick with the ailment experienced flu-like signs and symptoms, swollen lymph nodes, and frequently black spots at the skin. No remedy turned into found at the moment, however new requirements for cleanliness had been put into location when it changed into realized that unhygienic dwelling turned into the major motive of the spread of the ailment. Quarantining turned into every other tactic to save you the unfold of disorder, and stayed applicable even into world struggle 1, to save you “returning troops [from carrying] disorder home.”(The tremendous Influenza) Smallpox is the second of the foremost epidemics in Europe. Smallpox is resulting from the variola virus, and effects in flu-like signs, in conjunction with sores in the nostril and mouth and crimson blisters on the pores and skin that fill with pus. these blisters scab earlier than forming extreme scars, the motive for the name of the virus. it is a totally communicable sickness and spreads from direct contact with the inflamed, in addition to thru oblique touch with things the inflamed may additionally have touched. Variolation, a way to treat smallpox, did no longer end up famous till the early 1800s whilst an English health practitioner realized that injecting pus from someone inflamed with cowpox- a disorder very similar to smallpox- into someone who had in no way been uncovered gave them powerful immunity from smallpox. This became the first successfully recorded vaccine in the world. Typhoid fever became another epidemic in Europe, which turned into additionally struck america. It become rampant at some point of the nineteenth century, and it become not until an English medical doctor found out that it turned into being transmitted through the fecal remember of the infected, that efforts were taken to save you infection of consuming water and meals. The overdue 1800s then saw the introduction of a typhoid vaccine and the decline of typhoid fever throughout Europe and the sector. Tuberculosis turned into the following essential epidemic in Europe, as a result of the Mycobacterium tuberculosis bacteria. It affects the lungs, for the maximum part, and reasons signs like coughing up blood, fever, chills and weight reduction. Tuberculosis turned into often referred to as “intake” due to the way it seemed to eat its victims. Tuberculosis, as a breathing virus, become unfold via the healthful getting into contact with respiration droplets from the infected’s coughs or sneezes. This disease inspired warning of warding off spreading infected breathing droplets and commenced the fashion of covering their mouths when they coughed. Cholera became every other epidemic in Europe, which spread due to the boom of cities and the dearth of sanitation structures. It changed into additionally an epidemic in america, however it turned into in Europe wherein John Snow, the father of current e>GET ANSWER