Consider the emergence of monotheism as a process–Polytheism of the ancient Canaanites, to henotheism, to Monotheism. Discuss what you think are the four most important milestones or events in the building of that monotheism. Show that you know the secular argument.
rality” are my terms. “Non-secular morality” can be described as the morality that does not talk about interests but only about virtue itself; “secular morality” is the morality that needs to be proved by reference to public welfare. In my analysis, Locke separated God’s “law enforcement power” by distinguishing the two kinds of morals. The “right of reward and punishment” in “God exercises the right of reward and punishment” is mainly based on “confidence” to reward and punish, not on “interests” to reward and punish. It is not in Protestant ethics that God punishes a man if he does not continue to work and earn benefits to glorify God, but in the framework of Locke’s theory of decentralization, that once someone infringes upon public interests, the power to administer rewards and punishments to him may not be God, but a secular force. There is no interest problem in the kingdom of heaven. Interest is a human problem. God endows human with the legislative power and law enforcement power when dealing with interest issues. Hobbes also advocates that once a man is evil, he needs Leviathan as a secular thing to punish him. Locke and Hobbes are identical in transferring the basis of law enforcement to the secular. So, after confining God to the kingdom of heaven, what position does God have in Locke’s philosophy? Locke once compared God to a “legislator” (Human Understanding: P33). God himself is perfect, omnipotent and perfect, so the legislator can and does have the power to enforce the law. But God only deals with faith and not with interests, so “natural law is given to everyone in that state (natural state)” (The Treatise of Government (Part Two): P5). Man is not God. Man will face the problems brought about by non-decentralization. Locke holds that human beings have “inherent inferiority” (see “The Treatise of Government (Part II)). The root of this nature is that people tend to infring>GET ANSWER