Read a Jataka (meaning “birth”) tale called “The Great Dream”. Jatakas are stories about the former lives of Siddhartha Gautama, the historical Buddha about which you have read in Chapter Two. These stories originated in ancient India, between roughly 300 BCE and 400 CE, and were collected together in Buddhist canons and writings. In these stories, the Buddha appears in various roles, such as an animal or king, and through his words and deeds offers a moral lesson. In this regard, the tales are not unlike Aesop’s Fables. Scholars have noted, however, that most of these tales were not necessarily Buddhist in origin, but rather adopted a Buddhist setting to convey a moral allegory and social commentary. Also, historians find that these tales offer insight into ancient India’s societies and popular culture.
For this discussion, in 2-3 substantial paragraphs, please explain the lesson or lessons the story is trying to convey. Furthermore, examine the author’s social commentary. For instance, what we can learn about the author’s (or authors’) opinion of Brahmins, gender roles, and the signs of society in decline? [Note: In the document, the Buddha is referred to as the “Chief Brahmin”.
istorians. However, it is not the only way historians are able to extrapolate information about this time period in the Americas. Some of the main evidence is physical items or towns from these people. At North American dig sites in Folsom and Clovis, New Mexico archeologists discovered weapon points and flint from over 8,000 years ago, (Calloway, p.17). Another connection to pre-contact societies is the mounds used by the Mississippian societies like the mound city of Cahokia. Physical evidence and geomythology are two of the main ways that historians know about pre-contact Native American societies. 3. What is the “Middle Ground?” Define and explain that term and provide examples that illustrate diplomacy and interaction between Native people and European empires within that physical or ideological space. In Richard White’s novel, he describes the “Middle Ground” as two different and distinct concepts. The first of these concepts is a then French region of North America which consists of parts of Michigan, Wisconsin, and Canada, among others. The second definition was a process of mutual appeasement and accommodation between the Native American tribes of the region and the French, British, or Americans that they were negotiating with. This term refutes the myth that Europeans, from the minute they stepped foot on the American continent, had the upper hand. Richard White’s concept of the “Middle Ground” is proven correct based on the gift-giving relationship between the Indian and mainly French settlers. One aspect of Indian and European relationships that represents the “Middle Ground” is gift-giving. These gift exchanges “lay at the heart of Indian relations with other Indians, and they became equally important in Indian relations with the Spanish, French, and English>GET ANSWER