Explain the hearsay rule and describe how it relates to the concept of an expert witness.
Do a bit of research on the hearsay rule in legal proceedings. In your own words, explain the hearsay rule and describe how it relates to the concept of an expert witness.
The majority of sentences are fines, suspended sentences or community service, with only a small percentage of overall sentences being custodial. Therefore, possible contributing causes to the disproportionate ratio of men to women in prison could be due to men receiving a longer prison sentence than women, a higher percentage of male offenders being sentenced to prison than women, or the fact that men serve a greater proportion of their sentence (on average). These could be contributing factors to the significantly higher number of men in prison, suggesting that the crimes committed by men are on average much worse than women’s and therefore justifying this disparity. However, when examining the graph below, it reveals that women are substantially less likely to be sent to prison than men for the same type of crime that has been committed, with the exception of drug offences, where the disparity could be considered as negligible. This provides substantial evidence to suggest that men are not being sent to prison more often than women because they are carrying out more serious offences, and therefore implies a gender bias towards women and gender discrimination towards men within the Criminal Justice System. It is therefore important to acknowledge how the lengths of the sentences the offenders receive varies between the two genders. Studies have shown that in 2009/10, for all crimes committed where a custodial sentence has been awarded, men received a (Ministry of Justice, 2014) sentence which was 64 per cent longer than what women received, on average. Once again, this provokes intriguing questions. Is this justifiable due to the fact that men’s crimes are on average more heinous than women’s? Are women being given shorter prison sentences due to the fact that they perpetrate less severe crimes? Or does this arise because of a clear gender bias in the Criminal Justice System? We can see how this notion is further reinforced in the histogram that is shown below, which reveals how the sentence lengths awarded to women and men vary significantly for the same type of crime, over 42 categories of crime in England and Wales. The data suggests that the sentences received by men are markedly longer than those received by women, for the same type of crime for nearly every category, with some slight exceptions. The disparity between the genders in custodial sentence length could therefore be attributed to a bias against men within the Criminal Justice System. (Ministry of Justice, 2014)>GET ANSWER