The history of any subject is of great importance in the process of analysis. What is gained by studying the history of psychology? Discuss why psychology can be described both as a science and as a non-science. Include in your answer the characteristics of science that some psychologists are unwilling to accept while studying humans.
This reveals itself in the simple fact that at the Earth’s surface, each of the last three decades has been measurably hotter than any decade before the industrialization. To encapsulate, land and ocean surface temperature combined have warmed around 0.9 oC just in the last 50 years according to the IPCC 2014, and in the past century it has been around 1.5 oC. The shift of temperature normals combined with probable heat waves and the foretold ice sheet melting will be strong indicators of climate change and can hint upcoming issues regarding agriculture, water resources, and thus human and environmental health (National Research Council 2010). Much of this increased heat is being absorbed by the oceans. They most probably can be held accountable for 90% of this accumulated energy conservation – it was measured that the warming is most present near the surface, that is up to around 75 m. The water showed an incalescence of about 0.11 oC in just 40 years from 1971 to 2010. It is also probable that the salinity extremes peaked; areas rich in salinity have become even more saline, whereas fresher areas with low salinity have developed to be less saline. This will most likely result in sea level rise due to a thermal expansion because of the increased level of salinity, but may also have effects on species boundaries which will probably shift (National Research Council 2010). These changes in temperature can be put on a level with the changes in the stability of worldwide ocean circulation patterns because melting ice from the Antarctic and Greenland might cause the Gulf stream to peter out. This would mean that a new ice age could come to Great Britain, Iceland, and Scandinavia, and the European mainland could cool down drastically because the Gulf stream acts as a “heating system” for Europe (Frey 2017). Ways of monitoring these aspects are tracking the velocity of ocean circulation, observing water temperature at the surface and the subsurface, measuring the salinity, monitoring shifts in atmospheric circulation (i.e. >GET ANSWER