The Hope Scale

Hope Scale
Directions: Read each item carefully. Using the scale shown below, please enter the number that best describes you in the blank provided.
1 = definitely false
2 = mostly false
3 = mostly true
4 = definitely true
3__ 1. I can think of many ways to get out of a jam.
3__ 2. I energetically pursue my goals.
2__ 3. I feel tired most of the time.
3__ 4. There are lots of ways around any problem.
2__ 5. I am easily downed in an argument.
3__ 6. I can think of many ways to get the things in life that are most important to me.
2__ 7. I worry about my health.
3__ 8. Even when others get discouraged, I know I can find a way to solve the problem.
3__ 9. My past experiences have prepared me well for my future.
2__ 10. I�ve been pretty successful in life.
2__ 11. I usually find myself worrying about something.
3__ 12. I meet the goals that I set for myself.
Source: Snyder, C. R., et al. (1991). The will and the ways: Development and validation of an individual-differences measure of hope. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 60, 585. Copyright � 1991 by the American Psychological Association. Reprinted with permission.
The agency subscale score is derived by adding items 2, 9, 10, and 12. The pathways subscale is derived by adding items 1, 4, 6, and 8. A total score is obtained by adding the four agency and four pathways items. Items 3, 5, 7, and 11 are distractors intended to make the content of the scale less obvious. Mean scores on each subscale are 12.5, with the average total �hope� score being 25.
� What do you think the agency subscale is measuring, and what do you think the pathways subscale is measuring?
� What do you think could be inferred about someone who scored highly on one or the other (or both) of these scales?

Sample Solution