Although nearly all digital computers use binary codes, they do not necessarily use the same codes. Different computer systems, or platforms, use different hardware and software. As a result, a file that can be read
and processed on one computer platform, such as a Windows PC, often cannot be used on another, such as a Macintosh.
Discuss the following:
- Discuss about the importance of file compatibility in multimedia.
- Specify any two file formats that is cross compatible between Windows and Macintosh Platforms.
ealists view nation-states as billiard balls, liberal theorists understand the relationship between nation-states and non-state actors to be like a cobweb (Burton, 1972). For this reason, classical liberal understandings of international relations view nation-states as dependent on one another and international institutions if they wish to achieve peace and stability (Beach, 2012). Liberal understandings of international relations can be applied to international institutions such as the UN Security Council and its interventions in global affairs as the idea of liberal governmentality developed by Michel Foucault, suggests that international actors must express a conscience when expressing political power (Walters, 2012). Also, liberal governmentality takes into accounts the variations and risks that can come about during political action, not just the finalities and absolutes (Walters, 2012). But while the UN Security Council does illustrate aspects of liberal governmentality, it appears that in cases of intervention, the international body continues to be informed by a more realist approach to international politics as its members often prioritise their own interests when taking action against other nation-states (Yoshida, 2013). There are other ways of interpreting UN intervention in international conflicts that do not lend themselves to the belief that the UN primarily exists to represent the interests of more powerful nations. It has been found that a lack of agreement and consensus exists between the permanent 5 during times of crisis and conflict. This problem was present during the Cold War, when the United States and Russia were aligned against one another and more recently seen during the Syrian conflict. The third problem with the UN Security Council is that the global order is no longer dictated by nation-states (Ross, 2016). Instead, non-state actors are now often involved in international affairs, a change the UN Security Council has failed to evolve to take into account (Ross, 2016). This is because the structure of the UN Security Council remains unchanged since the 1940s. But in the present day, conflicts often involve non-state actors in the form of terrorist groups such as Boko Haram, al-Shabab or ISIS (Ross, 2016). Although these conflicts occur due to local tensions, they can have global reach and consequence, most notably when ISIS took over parts of Iraq and Syria in 2014 (Michael and Dekel, 2014). The problem with the UN in these situations is that the Security Council is unable to address conflicts that do not involve nation-states or occur between more than two nation-states (Ross, 2016). This oversight indicates that the UN has failed to change with the times and, for this reason, often does not represent the interests of weake>GET ANSWER