After reading “The Lottery” by Shirley Jackson, please write an essay by answering these questions:
What Evidence in the story suggests that the lottery is a ritualistic ceremony?
Explain the purpose of the lottery, and identify contemporary rituals that exhibit similar purposes.
Kuala Lumpur is characterized as one of the most liveable and safest cities in the world, being ranked the 70th globally by the Economist Intelligence Unit’s Global Liveability Ranking and the 31st by the Safe Cities Index (The Economist Intelligence Unit 2017). The city as a whole also has a high Human Development Index. These indicators may convey a wholistic picture of Kuala Lumpur, but they do not necessarily provide accurate information concerning the housing situation in the city. Housing is especially important in a highly urbanized city such as Kuala Lumpur because securing a basic shelter can greatly influence an individual’s daily activities and needs to live in a city (Suhaida, et al. 2010). The reality is that those people who migrate to Kuala Lumpur with limited skills struggle to live on a day to day basis because housing is generally considered as extremely unaffordable and severely burdensome for buyers (Sulaiman, et al. 2016). Various studies similarly reveal that the cost of housing is too high that it has outpaced the increase of incomes and inflation (Real Estate and Housing Developers’ Association Malaysia 2016; Olanrewaju & Woon 2017; Olanrewaju, et al. 2018). The number of houses constructed in this area exceeds 45 percent of the total amount of constructed houses nationally, but the home ownership rate still falls to 53.5 percent, far below the national average (i.e. urban home ownership) of 69 percent (Ministry of Finance’s Valuation and Property Service Department 2009; Samad, et al. 2016). As a result of the increasing cost of living, renting a house tends to be the alternative to finding a place to settle because owning a house to live in urban areas is not an affordable option for most people, at least not feasible in a short term (Sulaiman, et al. 2016). Moreover, fueled by continuous migration from rural to urban areas and the city’s rapid urbanization, the demand for low-cost housing has also continuously increased (Zaid 2015). It is, therefore, not a surprise that Kuala Lumpur faces serious shortage of low-cost housing units (Bakhtyar, et al. 2013). The increasing cost of living has been affecting the majority of dwellers in the capital city. According to the Bank Negara Malaysia (BNM), up to 27 percent of the households living in the city fail to earn sufficient level of income necessary to afford a minimum acceptable standard of living (Ridzwan & Idris 2018). In other words, about a quarter of Kuala Lumpur’s population constitutes urban-poor households who earn below the living wage. However, it is important to note the differences in the definition of “urban poor”.>GET ANSWER